Japanese general election, 1908

Japanese general election, 1908
Empire of Japan
15 May 1908

All 379 seats to the House of Representatives
190 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
Leader Saionji Kinmochi  
Party Seiyūkai Kensei Hontō
Last election 133 seats, 33.5% 90 seats, 26.2%
Seats won 187 70
Seat change Increase54 Decrease20
Popular vote 649,858 288,243
Percentage 48.4% 21.5%
Swing Increase14.9% Decrease4.7%

Prime Minister before election

Saionji Kinmochi

Subsequent Prime Minister

Saionji Kinmochi

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General elections were held in Japan on 15 May 1908.[1] The result was a victory for the Rikken Seiyūkai party, which won 187 of the 379 seats.

Electoral system

The 379 members of the House of Representatives were elected in 51 multi-member constituencies based on prefectures and cities. Voting was restricted to men aged over 25 who paid at least 10 yen a year in direct taxation.[2]


A total of 900 candidates contested the 379 seats.


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Rikken Seiyūkai649,85848.4187+54
Kensei Hontō288,24321.570–20
Daidō Club92,4776.929New
Invalid/blank votes13,534
Registered voters/turnout1,590,04585.3
Source: Mackie & Rose


  1. Thomas T Mackie & Richard Rose (1991) The International Almanac of Electoral History, Macmillan, p281
  2. Mackie & Rose, p276
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