James R. Edwards

James R. Edwards
Born 1945
Nationality American
Occupation New Testament scholar
Title Bruner-Welch Professor of Theology
Religion Christian (Presbyterian)
Awards Templeton Grant in Science and Religion (1996); recipient of Deutsche Akademische Austausch Dienst Award (1993)
Academic background
Education Whitworth University, Princeton Theological Seminary, University of Zürich, University of Tübingen
Alma mater Fuller Theological Seminary (PhD)
Academic work
Discipline Biblical studies
Sub discipline NT studies
Institutions Whitworth University
Notable works The Hebrew Gospel and the Development of the Synoptic Tradition (2009)

James R. Edwards (born 1945), is an American New Testament scholar and minister of the Presbyterian Church.[1]

In 1997 he joined the faculty at Whitworth University, Spokane where he is currently Bruner-Welch Professor of Theology.

The Hebrew Gospel and the Development of the Synoptic Tradition

In 2009 he advanced a controversial theory that the synoptic Gospels are partly dependent on the "Hebrew Gospel" which includes Gospel of the Hebrews, a syncretic Jewish–Christian text believed by most scholars to have been composed in Koine Greek, the Hebrew Gospel hypothesis of Lessing and others, and traditions of a writing of Matthew's supposed to have been written by him “in the Hebrew language” (Papias) and Hebrew Gospel of Matthew, 1385, a rabbinical translation of Matthew's gospel.[2][3][4] Edwards argues that patristic citations from "the Hebrew Gospel" correlate more distinctly and repeatedly with sections called "Special Luke" in Gospel of Luke than with either Gospel of Matthew or Gospel of Mark.[5]

Two separate reviews were published by the Society of Biblical Literature.[6][7]

Edwards also rejects the modern division, by Schneemelcher and others, of the Jewish-Christian Gospels' fragments into three or more separate lost Gospels.



Other books



  1. Academic homepage and biography
  2. The Whitworthian Monday, November 23, 2009 "Professor's book 'controversial' - News "Edwards said the Hebrew Gospel has remained largely unstudied in the theological world and, in his opinion, has been scandalously overlooked. "Most scholars don't know much about the Hebrew gospel and many deny that it existed," he said. Throughout history, Edwards said, Christians have been hesitant to accept a Hebrew ancestor to the gospels. The theory of the Hebrew Gospel is still unpopular with many in the theological world. Though no copies of the Hebrew Gospel are known to exist, Edwards' research and study of ancient manuscripts has convinced him to believe unwaveringly that it once did. "We know [the Hebrew Gospel] did exist because it was referred to about 100 times in the first nine centuries of Christianity," he said."
  3. The Whitworthian FRIDAY, APRIL 9, 2010 Whitworth professor of theology releases groundbreaking new book about the gospels - James Edwards challenges long-held "Q hypothesis," asserts existence of a Hebrew gospel
  4. Dallas Theological Seminary review
  5. James R. Edwards - The Hebrew Gospel and the Development of the Synoptic Tradition 2009 "In Chapters Two and Three I attempt to show that when the fathers actually quote from the Hebrew Gospel the quotations correlate more distinctly and repeatedly with Special Luke than with either Matthew or Mark. The fourth chapter shifts from a survey of the patristic tradition to a detailed discussion of Lukan Semitisms in which the above thesis is argued on the dual basis of philological evidence in Luke and the testimony of the prologue."
  6. SBL Timothy A. Friedrichsen
  7. SBL James P. Sweeney
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