Army of Islam (Gaza Strip)
|Army of Islam|
|Dates of operation||2006–present|
|Motives||The creation of an Islamic state in Palestine|
|Active region(s)||Gaza Strip, Egypt|
|Status||Designated as a Terrorist Organization by the UAE and the United States|
Army of Islam (Arabic: جَيش الإسلام Jaysh al-Islām) is the name used by the Doghmush Hamula (clan) for their Islamic militant activities. It is located at the Tzabra neighborhood in the center of the Gaza Strip bordered by Israel and Egypt. The group has been designated as a terrorist organization by the UAE and the United States.
The capture of Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit and the kidnapping of BBC reporter Alan Johnston, Army of Islam, which appears to draw inspiration from, or is linked to, al-Qaeda, have also conducted at least one bombing of a Palestinian civilian target (an empty school) and a number of other kidnappings. The group had been previously closely related to Hamas, it has since been shunned by both Hamas and Fatah. The group has also been known as The Organization of jihad in Palestine and is linked to Abu Qatada, the British-based Palestinian-Jordanian extremist Sheikh who they demanded be released in exchange for Johnston. It is involved with other Major Islamic Political Alliances.
On 3 November 2010 senior Army of Islam leader Mohammad Namnam was killed in a targeted killing when the car he was driving in Gaza City was hit by a missile fired from an Israeli military helicopter. Israel killed Namnam after Egyptian authorities reportedly tipped-off Israel that Namnam was helping plan a future attack on multinational security forces in Sinai. Following the November 3 air strike, the Israeli Air Force killed two other members of the group. Mohammed and Islam Yassif were killed in an air strike, fired from an unmanned drone, on 17 November 2010. The attack, coordinated with Israeli security services, Shin Bet, came around dawn on a busy street in Gaza City, and cited the same security issues as that in the killing of Namnam.
In 2011, the group told the French security services that they had planned an attack on the Bataclan theatre because its owners were Jewish.
Kidnapping of Alan Johnston
In 2007 the group kidnapped the BBC correspondent Alan Johnston. On June 25, 2007 a video was released by Army of Islam showing Johnston with an explosive belt around his waist, with a demands for the release of Muslim prisoners in British custody. The group, which also kidnapped ten members of Hamas, had claimed that they would have killed him if there had been an attempt to rescue him by force. On July 4, 2007, after Gaza authorities arrested several members of Army of Islam including its spokesman, Abu Muthana, and following threats of execution, Johnston was handed over to Hamas officials and released after 114 days in captivity.
The Army of Islam has been linked with the 2011 bombing of a Coptic church in Alexandria that resulted in 23 deaths. Egypt's Interior minister said on 23 January that evidence proved that the group planned and executed the attack. The group quickly denied responsibility, while also reportedly expressing support for the bombing.
- 'The Gears' by Dr. Guy Bechor (Hebrew)
- "Designation of Army of Islam". 2011. Archived from the original on 27 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-19.
- Bombing at U.S.-backed school in Gaza Archived June 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "The Army of Islam, a radical Islamic Palestinian terrorist group in the Gaza Strip". Terrorism-info.org.il. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "ISRAEL, GAZA: Security forces target Army of Islam operatives, again | Babylon & Beyond". Los Angeles Times. 2010-11-17. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- Vick, Karl, "Behind An Israeli Strike In Gaza, Help From Egypt," Time, 10 November 2010.
- "Two Brothers, Members Of the Army of Islam, Killed By Army Airstrike In Gaza". International Middle East Media Center. Archived from the original on 26 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- Greenhouse, Emily (15 November 2015). "Life and Death on the Boulevard Voltaire". The New Republic. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
- "Pourquoi le Bataclan est-il régulièrement visé?". Le Point. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
- "French mag: Bataclan an Islamist target due to Jewish owners". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
- "Fransk magasin: Bataclan har jødiske eiere". Aftenposten. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
- BBC's Johnston shown in tape wearing explosives Archived June 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "BBC Reporter Alan Johnston Wearing Suicide Belt Appeals". LiveLeak.com. 2007-06-24. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- Hamas makes arrest in reporter's case Archived July 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "BBC's Alan Johnston is released". BBC News. 2007-07-04. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "Egypt blames Gaza group for bombing". Al Jazeera. 2011-01-23. Retrieved 2011-01-26.