Jainism in Uttar Pradesh
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Parshvanatha, the twenty-third tirthankara, was born in Benaras (now Varanasi) in 872 BCE. According to Jain tradition, Kashi (now Varanasi) is the birthplace of three more tithankaras, namely Suparshvanatha, Chandraprabha and Shreyansanatha.
The famous naked Jain male torso found at Lohanipur, whether Mauryan or, more likely Kushana, is generally taken as indicative evidence of some sort of representational cult in early Jainism which reached an early height at Mathura, and certainly inscriptions from the many ayagapatas of the Mathura region make clear that puja to the tirthankaras with lay and ascetic involvement was an important dimension to this.
It is one of the few regions in India where Jainism has a strong presence and influence. There are many ancient tirthas in Bundelkhand. Many of the modern scholars of Jainism are from this region.
The fort temples are dominated by the Jain temples in the eastern part of the hill fort; the images here are mostly of the "iconographic and the stylistic variety". The Jain temples have a large number of panels depicting scenes from Jain mythology, tirthankara images and votive tablets. The pillars are carved with a thousand figures.
- Shri Digamber Jain Bada Mandir, Hastinapur
- Parshvnath DigamberJain Atishya Kshetra, Vahelna, Muzaffarnagar
- Bada Gaon in Baghpat
- Shri Vimalnath Digambar Jain Atishay Kshetra in Kampil, Farrukhabad district
- Entrance to the Digambara Jain temple complex.
- Interior of the Digambara Jain Temple dedicated to Shreyanasanatha, the eleventh tirthankara, Sarnath
- Images of tirthankaras in the Deogarh fort temple
- Pillar with a thousand images in the Jain temple in the Deogarh fort
- The Deogarh Shantinath Temple columns in the fort show monks
- Jain Ghat, Varanasi, UP, India
- Kailash Parvat Rachna
- Shri Digamber Jain Bada Mandir
- Jambudweep Rachna
- Bada Gaon
- Zimmer 1953, p. 195.
- Zimmer 1953, p. 183.
- 4 Jain Tirthankaras born in Varanasi, The Times of India, 25 August 2015
- Birth of Adinath in Ayodhya
- Birth of Ajitnath in Ayodhya
- Birth of Abhinandanath in Ayodhya
- Birth of Sumatinath in Ayodhya
- Birth of Anantnath in Ayodhya
- Patrick Olivelle 2006, p. 399.
- Titze p.103
- "Deogarh". Retrieved 2010-01-08.
- Patrick Olivelle, ed. (2006), Between the Empires : Society in India 300 BCE to 400 CE, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-530532-6
- Zimmer, Heinrich (1953) [April 1952], Campbell, Joseph, ed., Philosophies Of India, London, E.C. 4: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd, ISBN 978-81-208-0739-6,
This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.