Jainism in Gujarat
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Jainism has had a significant influence in Gujarat. Practitioners of this religion believe that their 22nd tirthankara (propagators of Jain religion) attained salvation here. Many other monks have also got salvation; especially on the holy mountains of Girnar and Satrunjaya. The Vallabhi Council held in c. 5th century CE. Their canonical scriptures were written down during this council. King Vanaraja (c. 720-780 CE) of the Chavda dynasty was brought up by a Jain monk named Silaguna Suri.
Jain temples are found in Gujarat from as early as the 6th and 7th centuries CE. It was patronized by the Solankis and Chavadas. Northern Gujarat became a principle center of Jainism in the 13th century CE.
The earliest known Gujarat text Bharat-bahubali Ras, was written by a Jain monk. Of the most important people in Gujarat's Jain history were the Acharya Hemachandra Suri and his pupil, the Chalukya ruler Kumarpal.
Major ancient Jain centers include:
- Vikram Sarabhai
- Premchand Roychand
- Amit Shah
- Dilip Doshi
- Gautam Adani
- Vijay Rupani
- Virji Vora
- Asha Parekh
- Dilip Sanghvi
- Sudhir V. Shah
Jain temples in Taranga
Samovsaran Mandir, Palitana Teerth
Shri Shantinath Jain Derasar, Kothara
Jain temple at Shri Pavagadh Tirth
Kirti stambh at Palanpur
- Glasenapp, Helmuth Von (1999), Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 81-208-1376-6