Islamic Liberation Front of Patani

Islamic Liberation Front of Patani
Barisan Islam Pembebasan Patani
Founder Tengku Mahmud Mahyiddin[1][2]
Tengku Abdul Jalal[3][4]
Founded 1947[2]
reorganised as BNPP in 1959[5]
Renamed to BIPP in 1986
Headquarters Kelantan[6]
Armed wing Tentara Nasional Pembebasan Rakyat Patani (People's National Liberation Army of Patani)[1]
Ideology Separatism
Conservative Islam[6]

The Islamic Liberation Front of Patani (Malay: Barisan Islam Pembebasan Patani, BIPP), until 1986 known as the National Liberation Front of Patani (NLFP; Malay: Barisan Nasional Pembebasan Patani, BNPP; also translated as "Patani National Liberation Front" or "National Front for the Liberation of Pattani"; Thai: ขบวนการแนวร่วมปลดแอกแห่งชาติปัตตานี) is a militant Islamic separatist movement based in northern Malaysia and with a history of operations in the South Thailand insurgency.


The group was formed in 1959 by Tengku Abdul Jalal, aka Adul na Saiburi,[8] and is reputed to be one of the first armed insurgent outfits in the Pattani area.[9] The group had its base in Southern Thailand.[10]

Barisan Islam Pembebasan Patani

The BNPP was very active in the 1970s and 1980s. It renamed itself to "Islamic Front for the Liberation of Pattani" (BIPP) in 1986.[7][11] After a period of dormancy, it was revived in 2002. The renewed group has reduced its nationalistic emphasis and expanded its hard-line Islamic politico-religious goals. The political wing of the group participates in Malaysian state-level politics.[12]

See also


  1. 1 2 Kees van Dijk (2005). "Coping with Separatism: Is there a solution?". Violent Internal Conflicts in Asia Pacific. Yayasan Obor Indonesia. p. 189.
  2. 1 2 Moshe Yegar (2002). Between Integration and Secession: The Muslim Communities of the Southern Philippines, Southern Thailand and Western Burma/Myanmar. Lexington Books. p. 143.
  3. 1 2 Kobkua Suwannathat-Pian (2013). Historical Identity, Nation, and History-Writing: The Malay Muslims of Southern Thailand, 1940s–1980s. Ghosts of the Past in Southern Thailand. NUS Press. p. 238.
  4. Wan Kadir Che Man (1995). National Integration and Resistance Movement: The Case of Muslims in Southern Thailand. Regions and National Integration in Thailand, 1892-1992. Harrassowitz Verlag. p. 242.
  5. Bertil Lintner (8 September 2007). "Who's who in Thailand's Muslim insurgency". Asia Times.
  6. 1 2 David Carment; Patrick James; Zeynep Taydas (2006). "Thai Malay Separatism: Managing Interstate Ethnic Conflict". Who Intervenes? Ethnic Conflict and Interstate Crisis. Ohio State University Press. p. 120.
  7. 1 2 Bilveer Singh (2007). The Talibanization of Southeast Asia: Losing the War on Terror to Islamist Extremists. Praeger.
  8. No one is safe, Human Rights Watch, p. 15
  9. Who's who in Thailand's Muslim insurgency by Bertil Lintner
  10. PULO Website
  11. Sugu Narayanan (2011). The Relevance of Islam in Southeast Asian Civil Wars. Unraveling Internal Conflicts in East Asia and the Pacific. Lexington Books. p. 134.
  12. Barry M. Rubin (ed.), Guide to Islamist Movements, Volume 2, p. 104
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