Islamic Defenders Front

Islamic Defenders Front

FPI logo

Front Pembela Islam (FPI)

World map

Zone of influence
Formation 17 August 1998
Founder Muhammad Rizieq Shihab
Type Radical Islamist organization
Headquarters Jakarta, Indonesia
Coordinates 6°11′41″S 106°48′29″E / 6.194717°S 106.808158°E / -6.194717; 106.808158
Region served
Official language
Ahmad Shabri Lubis

The Islamic Defenders Front (Arabic: الجبهة الدفاعة الاسلميه; Indonesian: Front Pembela Islam (FPI) ) is a radical religious organization group in Indonesia, notorious for hate crimes and violence in the name of Islam.[1][2]

There have been calls by Indonesians, including from moderate Muslims, for the group to be banned.[3]

Background and aims

The FPI was founded on 17 August 1998 by Habib Muhammad Rizieq Syihab. The establishment enjoyed backing from military and police generals, including former Jakarta Police Chief Nugroho Jayusman. It is also associated with former Indonesian National Armed Forces commander Wiranto. The organization's aim is the implementation of Islamic [shariah] law in Indonesia, although an International Crisis Report called it "an urban thug organization".[4][5] Based on Wikileaks in leaked US diplomatic cables say the FPI receives funding from the police.[6]


The police have recorded that the FPI engaged in 29 cases of violence and destructive behaviour in 2010 and 5 cases in 2011 in the following provinces: West Java, Banten Province, Central Java, North Sumatra and South Sumatra.[7]

They also often threaten the safety and well-being of their targets, as in the case of Lady Gaga's Born This Way tour,[8] violating Indonesian law against violent threat on Kitab Undang-Undang Pidana, pasal 336.[9]

Some targets of their violence are:

Rejection in Central Kalimantan

On February 11, 2012 hundreds of protesters from the local community in Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan mainly from the Dayak tribe, staged a protest at the Tjilik Riwut Airport to block the arrival of four senior leaders of the FPI Islamic hardline group, which wanted to inaugurate the provincial branch of the organization. Due to concerns about security, the management of the airport ordered all FPI members to remain on board of the aircraft while other passengers disembarked. The FPI members were then flown to Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan. The deputy chairman of the Central Kalimantan Dayak Tribe Council (DAD) later said that the organization had asked the Central Kalimantan Police to ban the FPI provincial chapter as the FPI's presence would create tension, particularly as Central Kalimantan is known as a place conducive to religious harmony.[21] A formal letter from the Central Kalimantan administration stated that they firmly rejected the FPI and would not let them establish a chapter in the province because it contradicts the local wisdom of the Dayak tribe that upholds peace. The letter was sent to the Minister of Coordination of Political, Legal and Security Affairs with copies being sent to the President of Indonesia, the People's Consultative Assembly Chief, the Speaker of the House, the Chief of the Constitutional Court, the Home Minister and the National Police Chief.[22]


  1. Yudi Pramuko (2006) Habib-FPI gempur Playboy?! : rahasia sukses dakwah/ Syahrul Efendi D., Yudi Pramuko Jakarta. ISBN 979-99634-3-5 Revision of the author's thesis (S-1)--Institut Perguruan Tinggi Ilmu Alquran, 2002.
  2. Frost, Frank; Rann, Ann; Chin, Andrew. "Terrorism in Southeast Asia". Parliament of Australia, Parliamentary Library. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  3. Suryakusuma, Julia (12 June 2008). "INDONESIA'S 'ISLAMOFASCISTS'". Straits Times. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  4. Budi Setiyarso; et al. (30 November 2010), "Street Warriors", Tempo magazine, English edition, p. 41
  5. 1 2 "Indonesia: Implications of the Ahmadiyah Decree" (PDF). International Crisis Group Update Briefing. Jakarta/Brussels: International Crisis Group (78). 7 July 2008. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  6. "WikiLeaks: National Police funded FPI hard-liners". September 5, 2011.
  7. "FPI Involved in 34 Violence Cases in 2010-2011". February 19, 2012.
  8. 1 2 "Lady Gaga 'devastated' as Indonesia concert cancelled".
  10. "Hard-liners ambush Monas rally". The Jakarta Post. Jakarta. 2 June 2008. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  11. "'Deplorable' FPI Strikes Again". The Jakarta Globe. Jakarta. 25 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  12. "Indonesia: Ahmadiyya killings verdicts will not stem discrimination".
  13. "Indonesia's Ahmadis Look for a Home in Novel".
  14. "Masalah GKI Yasmin Jadi Catatan Dunia".
  15. "Bekasi FPI Leader Murhali Implicated in Stabbing of HKBP Church Elder".
  16. "Catatan Kronologis Penyegelan Gereja-gereja di Aceh Singkil".
  17. "Irshad Manji book tour in Indonesia runs into trouble with Islamic 'thugs'".
  18. "Garut Police Take a Stance Against FPI". The Jakarta Globe. 30 May 2012.
  19. Jane Perlez (24 July 2006). "Playboy Indonesia: Modest Flesh Meets Muslim Faith". The New York Times. Denpasar. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  20. "Police under fire for allowing sweeping FPI raids". The Jakarta Post. Jakarta. 31 December 2015.
  21. "Senior FPI officials booted out of Palangkaraya". February 11, 2012.
  22. "Central Kalimantan officially rejects FPI". February 23, 2012.

External links

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