Ireland–Isle of Man relations
Isle of Man
History and Culture
There is a long history of relations and cultural exchange between the Isle of Man and Ireland. Some sources state that Christianity was brought to the Isle of Man around 500 AD by Celts from Ireland, perhaps by St. Patrick himself. Trade links between the islands have existed for a long time, owing to their geographic proximity. Until the Isle of Man was integrated into the commercial system of England in 1765, the Isle of Man's trade with Ireland surpassed that of any other country.
Both countries have branches of the Celtic league, and there are regular music festivals and other cultural events that celebrate their common Celtic heritage. The languages of Ireland, Irish Gaelic and Isle of Man, Manx Gaelic are also similar, and in 1947, Irish Taoiseach Éamon de Valera spearheaded efforts to save the dying Manx gaelic language. Additional joint work on language preservation was commenced as recently as 2008.
Constitutional Position of Isle of Man
The Isle of Man is a crown dependency of the British crown and not strictly part of the United Kingdom. As such, the Isle of Man does not itself have diplomatic relations with any other country. It has no diplomatic service of its own. Instead, its foreign affairs are dealt with by the British government.
The Isle of Man has developed a sophisticated financial services infrastructure. It had also, over many years, developed a reputation of being a tax-haven. An Irish commission reported in 2001 that Irish banks held £4 billion in the Isle of Man on behalf of Irish residents, which was more than twice the amount held there per capita by UK residents. To address the issue of offshore banking and potential tax evasion, the government of Ireland and Isle of Man committed in 2002 to develop a tax agreement. In 2008, Ireland signed several tax agreements with the Isle of Man – the first such agreements made by the Irish government with any international financial center. These agreements serve two general purposes:
- The information exchange provisions make it more difficult for citizens to evade taxes by placing them in offshore tax havens, by providing a standard way for authorities to request information about assets and property held by their citizens (for example, an Irish citizen placing money in a Manx bank, or Manx citizen holding real estate investments in Ireland).
- The relief of double taxation provisions help avoid double taxation on income for citizens of both countries.
Environment and Energy
Ireland and the Isle of Man have collaborated on preparing reports and jointly pressing the UK government to shut down the Sellafield nuclear plant. According to the governments, the location of the Sellafield plant, close to both the Isle of Man and Ireland, poses an environmental risk.
An intergovernmental collaboration platform called the Irish Sea Region has also been set up. The platform links the governments of Ireland, the Isle of Man, the UK, and various local jurisdictions, to collaborate on planning for development of the Irish sea and bordering areas.
- "Early Christianity in Mann".
- "The Connection of the Isle of Man with Ireland". The Celtic Review. 6 (22): 110–117. Oct 1909.
- "Eamon to follow grandad Dev with Manx visit". Evening Herald. 11 September 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- "Isle of Man Census 2011" (PDF). March 2012.
- "Committee of Public Accounts Debate: Value for Money Report on the Effectiveness of Financial Regulation in the Central Bank". Houses of the Oireachtas. 22 February 2001.
- "Ireland and Isle of Man plan tax deal". The Sunday Times. 1 September 2002.
- "New tax agreement marks new phase in Irish relations". Isle of Man Today. 24 April 2008.
- "Isle of Man economics and taxation". Business & Finance Magazine. 9 May 2008.
- "Tax Information Exchange Agreements". Irish Tax and Customs. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- "Island to give Sellafield joint-presentation". isleofman.com. 8 February 2008.
- "Isle of Man to share wind farm cost with Ireland?". Isleofman.com. 21 June 2011.
- "Irish Sea Region". Retrieved 24 May 2012.
- "Agreement relating to the Transmission of Natural Gas through a Second Pipeline between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Ireland and through a Connection to the Isle of Man" (PDF). 24 September 2004.