International Cloud Experiment

International Cloud Experiment (formally known as "Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment" - TWP-ICE) was a scientific mission to gather information on tropical storm formation.[1] It involved seven airplanes, a ship anchored off Darwin in Australia, RV Southern Surveyor, and over 250 scientists and researchers.[2]

The I.C.E. took place from 21 January to 23 February 2006,[3] and had been in the planning stages since September 2003.[4]

The experiment was a collaboration between the US Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program,[5] the Bureau of Meteorology (Australia),[6] NASA[7] the European Commission DG RTD-1.2 and several United States, Australian, Canadian and European Universities.[8]

During the experiment, a record-breaking tropical typhoon arose, then spent seven days as a "landphoon" over the Australian desert.[9]

The Australian Broadcasting Corporation released in 2007 Thunderheads, a 47-minute program which has shown on the Smithsonian Channel.


  1. U.S. Climate Scientists Join Collaborators in Australia to Begin Tropical Cloud Experiment
  2. Thunderheads Program Guide at ABC/Nature.
  3. Campaign : Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud Experiment at ARM
  4. TWP-ICE Timeline at ARM
  5. TWP-ICE Science Plan - Cloud and rain characteristics in the Australian Monsoon
  6. TWP-ICE at the Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre (now part of CAWCR: The Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research)
  7. TWP-ICE at NASA GCSS - Cirrus Cloud Working Group and Deep Convective Working Group
  8. TWP-ICE Executive Summary
  9. TWP-ICE Synoptic Overview, 1 February 2006

External links

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