Internal sphincter muscle of urethra

Internal sphincter muscle of urethra

Coronal section of anterior part of pelvis, through the pubic arch. Seen from in front. (Region visible, but muscle not labeled.)

Urinary bladder (Region visible, but muscle not labeled.)
Origin The inferior ramus of the pubic bone
Insertion Perineal raphe
Nerve Sympathetics from L1-L2 through lumbar splanchnic nerves. Parasympathetics from S2-S4 through inferior hypogastric plexus.
Actions Sympathetic contracts and parasympathetic relaxes the muscle
Latin Musculus sphincter urethrae internus
TA A09.2.03.009
FMA 45769

Anatomical terms of muscle

The internal sphincter muscle of urethra is a urethral sphincter muscle which constricts the internal urethral orifice. It is the junction of the urethra with the urinary bladder. The muscle is made of smooth muscle, so therefore it is under involuntary control. It is kept tonically contracted by Lumbar plexus of the sympathetic nervous system.


During micturition it is relaxed via branches from the inferior hypogastric plexus (S2-S4) parasympathetic nervous system. This is the primary muscle for maintenance of continence of urine. Its two major roles are:

  1. Prevent urine leakage as the muscle is contracted via sympathetic stimulation (via the Lumbar Splanchnic nerves).
  2. During ejaculation, the contraction of the muscle prevents reflux of semen in the urinary bladder.

Because the internal urethral sphincter is under involuntary control, it is believed to play a role in paruresis, in which a person who perceives himself to be under observation is unable to urinate.

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/30/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.