Indonesian Marine Corps

Korps Marinir

Coat of Arms of the Korps Marinir
Active 15 November 1945
Country  Indonesia
Allegiance President of Indonesia
Branch Indonesian Navy
Type Naval Infantry
Part of Indonesian National Armed Forces Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI)
Nickname(s) KORMAR, Purple Berets
Motto(s) Jalesu Bhumyamca Jayamahe (Sanskrit) : On the Water and Land, We are Glorious
Colours   Purple
Anniversaries 15 November
Engagements Various anti-guerrilla operations in Indonesia, including Aceh and East Timor
Website Official Site
Commander-in-Chief President Joko Widodo
Commandant Major General R.M. Trusono

The Indonesian Marine Corps (Indonesian: Korps Marinir) officially known as KORMAR or simply "Marinir", Tentara Nasional Indonesia - Angkatan Laut, ("KORMAR", TNI-AL); officially translated as: Marine Corps, Indonesian Navy[1] is the currently integral part of the Indonesian Navy (TNI-AL) and sized at the military corps level unit as the Naval Infantry and main amphibious warfare force of Indonesia. There are future plans to expand the Indonesian Marine Corps to become an independent, uniformed force. It is commanded by a two star marine general (nothing that it does not use the Admiral title). It has two divisions, which are:

The two marine divisions (PASMAR I and II) are each led by a one star admiral (Brigadier General/Commodore).


Indonesian marine corps battling Permesta insurgents, 1950-1960s

Starting from the establishment of the Corps Mariniers (CM), the predecessor of the marine corps on 15 November 1945 at Navy Base IV of ALRI (Angkatan Laut Republik Indonesia]] in Tegal. The marine corps was initially formed as a training for Indonesian seamen who joined the Navy, in order to fight on the ground when there is an emergency. The marine eventually was forced to join guerrilla warfare on land due to lack of sea defense equipments. In other places, the Navy infantry were widely known as the "ALRI Gunung" (Navy of the Mountains) because it is more frequent fighting in the jungle and the foot of the mountain, rather than at sea. But they are not included yet in the marine corps for this latest new corps at that time only exist in Navy Base IV in Tegal, not in other naval bases. The marine corps from Tegal sent troops to Semarang front of the Revolution 25 times to aid the People's Security Army (TKR) who was losing to the Dutch. In the midst of the revolutionary period, precisely on 17 March 1948 there have been a reorganization and rationalization of the marine corps. At that time, because the marine corps have a lot of combat experience on the ground, the government decided to separate it from the Navy.

Corps Mariniers was then merged into the Diponegoro Division of the army by the name of Samudera Regiment and was divided into five battalions. Marine soldiers who wishto remain in the navy must submit a written request to the Minister of Defence and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces Car. On October 9, 1948, the Minister of Defense ratified Decree No. A / 565/1948, declaring the establishment of the marine corps. Nevertheless, the acceptance of new personnel only started after the Round Table Conference (RTC) in 1949. Selection reception was held at the main naval base in Surabaya. Approximately 1,200 recruits were selected to join the new naval amphibious forces. After being examined, it turns out 95 percent of the 1,200 people who received it are personnel are formerly part of the Corps Mariniers established in Tegal. Of all the personnel of the Korps Komando Operasi Angkatan Laut (KKO AL) recorded in 1950, 90 percent of the personnel were formerly part of the Corps Mariniers . Therefore, the existence of marine Corps formed in 15 November 1945 as mentioned in the previous paragraphs, justified as the forerunner of the Navy Marine Corps today.[2]

The marine crops has been active in various military operations in Indonesia. One of the largest amphibious military operations would have been Operation Jayawijaya in which thousands of marines were planned to land on Biak in 1963 as a part of the Trikora Campaign to take West Irian from Dutch control. The operation was aborted as a consequence deals preceding the New York Agreement.[3]

At the height of the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation, Harun Hj Mohd Said and Usman Ali (hereinafter known as Usman Harun), two members of the Marine Corps were dispatched to Singapore using rubber boats. Their main task is to infiltrate and sabotage the interests of Malaysia and Singapore. In practice, these operations are only able to blow up the MacDonald House and cause civilian and non-military casualties. In that incident, 20 fruit shops around the hotel was heavily damaged, 24 pieces sedan vehicles were destroyed, 30 people died, 35 people suffered serious injuries and mild. This incident is known as the MacDonald House bombing. Usman and Harun were unable to escape from Singapore and was eventually arrested and sentenced to death by the Singapore government.[4]

In 1999 a plan was proposed to expand the Kormar from its strength of 13,000 troops. Based on this plan, every Kormar's base would have three combat brigades: the Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery and would be supported by one Combat Support Regiment and one Administration Support Regiment. The expansion will create three Kormar bases: Surabaya for Eastern area command, Jakarta for Central area command, and Rate Island in Lampung for Western area command. Now the Indonesian Marine Corps has an estimated 29,000 troops in two Marine Forces (PASMARs) and one independent infantry marine regiment, when combined equal to one over-strength infantry division, which includes its own sizeable mechanised amphibious and artillery units.

Following a reorganisation introduced in March 2001, the corps consisted of the 1st Marine Corps Group (1,3,5 Battalions) at Surabaya, and the Independent Marine Corps Brigade (2,4,6, Battalions) at Jakarta.(JDW 11 April 2001). The 8th Bn was formed in January 2004 and the 9th Bn was due to be formed in April 2004. They were planned to be part of a new group that would include the 7th Bn and support elements. (JDW 18 February 2004, p. 18) The same Jane's Defence Weekly story (Robert Karniol, 'Indonesia Reinforces Marines') said the Marine Corps leadership is reported to have ambitions for the service to expand to at least two full divisions. However it was reported that the army was opposed, 'perhaps reflecting its leadership's concern over influence.'


Indonesian Marines Color Guard

2 Marine Forces plus one independent brigade (forming as part of Ten Year Defence Plan 2004-13)

Indonesian Marine Commando

Main article: Taifib

Commandants of the KORMAR

List of Indonesian Marine Corps Commandants
Rank Name From Until Remarks
Rear AdmiralAgoes Soebekti19451950
Major General KKOR. Soehadi19501961
Lieutenant General KKOHartono19611968
Lieutenant General KKOMoekijat19681971
Major GeneralH. Moh. Anwar19711977
Lieutenant General TNI (Mar)Kahpi SuriadiredjaJuly 1977May 1983
Major General TNI (Mar)MuntaramMay 1983Januari 1987
Major General TNI (Mar)Aminullah IbrahimJanuary 1987August 1990
Major General TNI (Mar)Baroto SardadiAugust 1990November 1992
Major General TNI (Mar)Gafur ChaliqDecember 1992April 1994
Major General TNI (Mar)Djoko PramonoApril 1994February 1996
Lieutenant General TNI (Mar)SuhartoFebruary 19961999
Major GeneralTNI (Mar)Harry Triono199920 November 2002
Major GeneralTNI (Mar)Achmad Rifai20 November 20029 November 2004
Lieutenant General TNI (Mar)Safzen Noerdin9 November 2004 6 June 2007
Lieutenant GeneralTNI (Mar)Nono Sampono6 June 2007 18 October 2008
Major GeneralTNI (Mar)Djunaidi Djahri18 October 2008 3 September 2009
Lieutenant GeneralTNI (Mar)Alfan Baharudin3 September 2009 12 September 2012
Major GeneralTNI (Mar)A Faridz Washington12 September 2012[5] 2015
Major GeneralTNI (Mar)Buyung Lalana2015 2016
Major GeneralTNI (Mar)R.M. Trusono2016 now

Heavy Equipment

Name Image Role Origin Versions Quantity Notes
PT-76 Medium tank  USSR PT-76B 70[6] All re-gunned with Cockerill 90mm with assistance from private company and received improved fire control system and engine upgrade. Not all operational.
Armoured vehicle
AMX-10P Infantry fighting vehicle  France AMX-10P Marine (90mm, 20mm & 12.7mm variants) 54[7][8]
BTR-50 Amphibious armoured personnel carrier  USSR BTR-50PK 70[7] All upgraded with new engine, radio system and smoke grenade launchers on some vehicles.[9]
BTR-80 Armoured personnel carrier  Russia BTR-80A 12[10] Currently deployed by Indobatt Contingent on UNIFIL mission in Lebanon.
BMP-2 Infantry fighting vehicle  Slovakia BVP-2 40[11]
BMP-3 Infantry fighting vehicle  Russia BMP-3F


LVT7 Armoured personnel carrier  United States LVT-P7A1 10[12] All donated from South Korea.
BTR-4 Armoured personnel carrier  Ukraine BTR-4M BAU Parus module

BTR-4M RCWS turret

5(50)[13][14] On order.
K-61 Amphibious vehicle  USSR K-61 (PTS) Unknown [15]
PTS Amphibious vehicle  USSR PTS-10 Unknown [16]
RM-70 Multiple Rocket Launcher  Czechoslovakia

 Czech Republic

RM-70 Grad

RM-70 Vampir

17 9 RM-70 Grad acquired around 2003, 8 new RM-70 Vampir acquired in 2016[17][18]
LG1 Howitzer  France LG1 Mark I 20


External links

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