Indian Institute of Technology Madras

Coordinates: 12°59′29″N 80°14′01″E / 12.99151°N 80.23362°E / 12.99151; 80.23362

Indian Institute of Technology Madras
இந்திய தொழில்நுட்ப கழகம் மெட்ராஸ்
भारतीय प्रौघोगिकी संस्थान मद्रास

IIT Madras
Motto Sanskrit:सिद्धिर्भवति कर्मजा
(Tamil:முயற்சிகள் வெற்றி விளைவிக்கும்)
(English:Siddhirbhavati Karmaja)
Motto in English
"Success is born out of action"[1]
Type Public
Established 1959
Chairman Dr. Pawan Goenka
Director Dr. Bhaskar Ramamurthi
Academic staff
Undergraduates 4,000
Postgraduates 4,000
Location Chennai, Tamil Nadu, 600036, India
Campus Urban, 250 hectares (617.8 acres)[2]
Newspaper The Fifth Estate
Colors      Maroon,      Gold

Indian Institute of Technology Madras is a public engineering and research institute located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu and is one of India's most prestigious universities. It is recognised as an Institute of National Importance by the Government of India.[3][4][5] Founded in 1959 with technical and financial assistance from the former government of West Germany, it was the third Indian Institute of Technology that was established by the Government of India through an Act of Parliament, to provide education and research facilities in engineering and technology.[4][6]

IIT Madras is a residential institute that occupies a 2.5 km² campus that was formerly part of the adjoining Guindy National Park. The institute has nearly 550 faculty, 8,000 students and 1,250 administrative and supporting staff.[2] Growing ever since it obtained its charter from the Indian Parliament in 1961, much of the campus is a protected forest, carved out of the Guindy National Park, home to large numbers of chital (spotted deer), black buck, monkeys, and other rare wildlife. A natural lake, deepened in 1988 and 2003, drains most of its rainwater.


In 1956, the West German Government offered technical assistance for establishing an institute of higher education in engineering in India. The first Indo-German agreement was signed in Bonn, West Germany in 1959 for the establishment of the Indian Institute of Technology at Madras. IIT Madras was started with technical, academic and financial assistance from the Government of West Germany and was at the time the largest educational project sponsored by the West German Government outside their country. This has led to several collaborative research efforts with universities and institutions in Germany over the years.[7] Although official support from the German government has ended, several research efforts involving the DAAD programme and Humboldt Fellowships still exist.

The institute was inaugurated in 1959 by Prof Humayun Kabir, the then Union Minister for Scientific Research and Cultural Affairs. In 1961, the IITs were declared to be Institutions of National Importance that include the seven Institutes of Technology located at Kharagpur (established 1951), Mumbai (established 1958), Chennai (established 1959), Kanpur (established 1959), Delhi (established 1961), Guwahati (established 1994) and Roorkee (established 1847, renamed to an IIT in 2001). IIT Madras celebrated its Golden Jubilee in 2009. Seven more IITs have been set up since 2008.


The main entrance of IIT Madras is on Chennai's Sardar Patel Road, flanked by the residential districts of Adyar and Velachery. The campus is close to the Raj Bhavan, the official seat of the Governor of Tamil Nadu. Other entrances are located in Velachery (near Anna Garden MTC bus stop, Velachery Main Road), Gandhi Road (known as Krishna Hostel gate or Toll Gate) and Taramani gate (close to Ascendas Tech Park).

The campus is located 10 km from the Chennai Airport, 12 km from the Chennai Central Railway station, and is well connected by city buses. Kasturba Nagar is the nearest station on the Chennai MRTS line.

Two parallel roads, Bonn Avenue and Delhi Avenue, cut through the faculty residential area, before they meet at the Gajendra Circle, near the Administrative Block. Buses regularly ply between the Main Gate, Gajendra Circle, the Academic Zone, and the Hostel Zone.

Location in context

Organisation and Administration

IIT Madras Library

The Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, is an autonomous statutory organisation functioning within the Institutes of Technology Act. The sixteen IITs are administered centrally by the IIT Council, an apex body established by the Government of India. The Minister of Human Resource and Development, Government of India, is the Chairman of the Council.[8] Each institute has a Board of Governors responsible for its administration and control.

The Senate comprises all professors of the Institute and decides its academic policy. It controls and approves the curriculum, courses, examinations, and results. It appoints committees to examine specific academic matters. The Director of the institute serves as the Chairman of the Senate. The Director from 2001 to 2011 was Dr. M. S. Ananth,[9] who stepped down at the end of July 2011.[10] As of September 2011, Prof. (Dr.) Bhaskar Ramamurthi has taken over as Director.[11]

Three Senate Sub-Committees - The Board of Academic Research, The Board of Academic Courses and The Board of Students - help in academic administration and in the operations of the Institute. The Finance Committee advises on matters of financial policy, while the Building and Works Committee advises on buildings and infrastructure. The Board of Industrial Consultancy and Sponsored Research addresses industrial consultancy and the Library Advisory Committee oversees library matters.



IIT Madras offers undergraduate, postgraduate and research degrees across 16 disciplines in Engineering, Sciences, Humanities and Management. About 360 faculty belonging to science and engineering departments and centres of the Institute are engaged in teaching, research and industrial consultancy.

The institute has 16 academic departments and advanced research centres across disciplines of engineering and pure sciences, with nearly 100 laboratories. The academic calendar is organised around the semester. Each semester provides a minimum of seventy days of instruction in English. Students are evaluated on a continuous basis throughout the semester. Evaluation is done by the faculty, a consequence of the autonomous status granted to the Institute. Research work is evaluated on the basis of the review thesis by peer examiners both from within the country and abroad. Ordinances that govern the academic programme of study are prepared by the Senate, the highest academic body within the institute.

Admission tests

For the undergraduate curriculum, admission to the BTech and Dual Degree (BTech + MTech) programme is done through the Joint Entrance Examination - Advanced (JEE-Advanced). IIT Madras will be conducting JEE Advanced in 2017.[27] Admission to the five-year integrated Master of Arts (MA) programme is through the Humanities and Social Sciences Entrance Examination (HSEE), an IIT Madras specific exam.[28]

For the postgraduate curriculum, admission to the MTech and MS programmes are through the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). The Joint Admission Test to MSc (JAM) is the entrance exam for the two-year M.Sc. programme, and other post BSc programmes. MBA candidates are accepted through the Common Admission Test (CAT).[28]

Cutoffs Trend

Course wise IIT Madras cutoffs[29] for General category in different year

Courses Cutoff 2015 Cutoff 2014
B. Tech Aerospace Engineering 2903 2508
B. Tech Chemical Engineering 2626 2334
B. Tech Civil Engineering 2905 2799
B. Tech Computer Science and Engineering 186 147
B. Tech Electrical Engineering 605 459
B. Tech Engineering Physics 2463 2121
B. Tech Mechanical Engineering 1257 975
B. Tech Metallurgical and Materials 3785 3463
B. Tech Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering 4950 4314


University and college rankings
General – international
QS (World)[30] 254
QS (Asian)[31] 53
Times (BRICS)[32] 44
Times (Asia)[33] 76
Engineering – India
NIRF[34][35] 1
India Today[36] 4
Outlook India[37] 5
Dataquest[38] 2
Government colleges:
Mint[39] 5
Business – India

Internationally, IIT Madras was ranked #254 in the QS World University Rankings of 2015,[30] 56 in the QS Asian University Rankings and 20 in the QS BRICS University Rankings of 2015.[31]

The Times Higher Education World Rankings ranked it at 78 and 44 in Asia and BRICS countries respectively in 2015.

In India, National Institutional Ranking Framework has ranked it No.1 Engineering Institution in 2016.[40]

Grading System and Student Evaluation

The Indian Institutes of Technology are under control of the Government of India and therefore have strict rules for grades. Depending on the course the evaluation is based on participation in class, attendance, quiz, exam and/or paper. Continuous evaluation is done by course instructors. The Evaluation System of IIT Madras[41] which is also used in other IITs is the Cumulative Grade Point Average with a scale from 0 to 10 which is converted to letters:

Letter Grade Grade Points in Words
S 10 Excellent (top students/high performer)
A 9 Very Good
B 8 Good
C 7 Satisfactory Work
D 6 Below Average
E 4 Poor (but passed)
U 0 Failed
W 0 Shortage of attendance (usually below 85%)

CGPA then gets calculated as the cumulative credit-weighted average of the grade points: CGPA = (Σ Ci • GPi) / (Σ Ci) where: N is the number of courses Ci is credits for the ith course GPi is grade points for the ith course CGPA is the cumulative grade point average

The CGPA is not the same as the one commonly used in the United States. In India some credits might be awarded during Bachelor studies for Co-curricular and Extra-curricular Activities, while during the Master Programme this is not allowed. Through agreements with numerous international organisations, IIT grades are accepted from many international organisations like NTU, NUS and DAAD.

Additionally, the attendance of the students is evaluated with VG for very good (always present), G for good (not present every lecture) and P for poor (student was present less than 85% of lectures).

Other academic activities

Academic research programmes

The institute has departments and advanced research centres across the disciplines of engineering and the pure sciences, and nearly 100 laboratories.

Research programmes concern work undertaken by faculty members or specific research groups within departments that award an MS or PhD degree. Research is carried out by scholars admitted into these departmental programmes, under the guidance of their faculty. Each department makes known its areas of interest to the academic community through handbooks, brochures and bulletins. Topics of interest may be theoretical or experimental. IIT Madras has initiated 16 inter-disciplinary research projects against identified focus areas.

The rigours of academic study at each level are balanced with co-curricular activities. Lectures on topics of academic relevance are held under the Extramural Lecture Series. Conferences, symposiums and workshops are organised by the faculty, attracting scholarly participation from around the world. In the past, several well known dignitaries from across the world and from various spheres of life have delivered their lectures in the Extramural Lecture Series programme.

Partnership with other universities

The institute maintains academic friendship with educational institutes around the world through faculty exchange programmes. The institute has signed Memoranda Of Understanding (MOUs) with foreign universities, resulting in cooperative projects and assignments.

Industrial Consultancy and Sponsored Research

Through industrial consultancy, faculty and staff undertake assignments for industry that may include project design, testing and evaluation, or training in new areas of industrial development. Industries and organisations request the IIT faculty to undertake assignments channelled through the Centre For Industrial Consultancy and Sponsored Research (ICSR).

National organisations sponsor programmes of research by funding projects undertaken by the faculty. Such research is time bound and allows project participants to register for a degree. Project proposals are usually prepared by the IIT faculty and forwarded to interested organisations, based on the nature of their research and their interest to fund such projects.

Sponsored projects are often vehicles for new resources within departments, and often permit their project staff to register for academic degrees in the institute. All sponsored research activities at the institute are coordinated by ICSR.

IIT Madras Research Park

The IIT Madras Research Park,[42] the first of its kind to be established in India, functions to propel successful innovation in established companies and provide a nurturing ecosystem to startups through incubation efforts and technical infrastructure. Following its success, 50 research parks were planned as part of Start Up India initiative of the Central Government of India. Corporate clients of IIT Madras Research park include Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Saint-Gobain and Forbes Marshall. Ather Energy, Hyperverge and Gyandata are some of the startups incubated at the Research Park. The Research Park is primarily reason why a very large number of startups are incubated at IIT Madras.[43]

National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL)

To improve the quality of higher education in India, IIT Madras came up with an initiative called NPTEL (National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning)[44] in the year 1999.[45] As per this initiative, all the IITs, along with the IISc Bangalore would come up with a series of video lecture based courses across all the streams of engineering.[46] This initiative has gained wide popularity in India and the lectures are being used by several engineering students from across India.

Student activities


Main article: Shaastra

Shaastra is the annual technical festival of IIT Madras. It is typically held in the second week of January[47] and is the first ISO 9001:2000 certified student festival in the world. It is known for its organisation and activities. Forums include the symposia, workshops, video conferences, lectures, demonstrations, and technical exhibitions. Competitive activities cover design events, programming, simulations, quizzes, applied engineering, robotics, junk-yard wars and contraptions.

The Shaastra Lecture Series draws attendance from various distinguished people in various technical fields from all over the world for giving guest lectures either in person or via video conference. These lectures and demonstrations aim to introduce students to the cutting-edge research happening in various fields, and serve as educational forums that encourage interaction between collegiate students and academia and industry.


Main article: Saarang

Saarang is the annual social and cultural festival of IIT Madras. It is a five-day-long event held in early January every year and attracts a crowd of 70,000 students and young people from across the country, making it the largest student run fest in India. Saarang events include speaking, dancing, thespian, quizzing and word games, professional shows (nicknamed proshows) and workshops on music, fashion, art, and dance. Saarang has been awarded ISO 9001:2015 certificate recently.

Saarang, is the new name of the festival that was once called "Mardi Gras". It was changed in 1996 in an effort to reflect the cultural and environmental roots of this festival.

Department festivals

Several departments organise department festivals. Samanvay, Biofest, ExeBit, Wavez, Mechanica, CEA Fest, Chemclave, Amalgam and Forays are some of the festivals organised by the Department of Management Studies, Computer Science and Engineering, Ocean Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering and Maths departments respectively.Department of Humanities and Social Sciences hosts Annual Academic Conference.

Fest name Department
Samanvay Department of Management Studies
Biofest Biotechnology
Exebit Computer Science and Engineering
Amalgam Metallurgical and Materials Engineering
CEA Fest Civil Engineering
Chemclave Chemical Engineering
Forays Mathematics
Mechanica Mechanical Engineering And Engineering Design
Wavez Ocean Engineering
Annual Academic Conference Humanities and Social Sciences
Bhoutics Physics

|CiHS |Chemistry

Extra Mural Lectures (EML)

Launched in 1980, by a group of students with support from the then Director of IIT Madras, Late Prof. P.V. Indiresan, the main aim of the Extra Mural Lectures series is to expose the IIT Madras community to the ideas and experiences of eminent personalities from diverse backgrounds. EML provides a platform for insightful interactions between the students of IIT Madras and individuals who have done pioneering work. Over the years, the likes of late former President of India Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, Nobel Laureate His Holiness The 14th Dalai Lama, Chess Grandmaster Vishwanathan Anand, Filmmaker S.S. Rajamouli, Honorable Governor Shri. E.S.L. Narasimhan, Honorable Minister of Railways Shri. Suresh Prabhu, Co-founder of Infosys Shri. Kris Gopalakrishnan and Ambassador of Japan to India H.E. Mr. Kenji Hiramatsu have been hosted at IIT Madras for Extra Mural Lectures, to motivate the students and broaden their perspectives.

Student Hostels

Most students at IIT Madras reside in the hostels, where extracurricular activities complement the academic routine. The campus has 18 hostels, of which three, Sharavati, Sarayu and the recently constructed Sarayu Extension (at the beginning of the Academic year 2011-'12 to accommodate more girls students of various PG programmes) are exclusively for women. In earlier times each hostel had attached dining facilities but many of them have been closed down. Sharavati, Sarayu Extension and four seven-storeyed men's hostels do not have mess halls. Dining facilities are provided in two centralised halls dubbed 'Vindhya' and 'Himalaya'. The hostels may accommodate undergraduate and graduate students, though they tend to keep the two apart. Students are assigned to hostels at the time of admission, where they usually spend their entire stay at the Institute.

The hostels are named after the principal rivers of India and the campus buses used to be named after mountains, resulting in an epigram about IIT Madras that it is the only place where the mountains move and the rivers remain still. With the discontinuance of naming of buses and the mess halls being named Vindhya and Himalaya, this epigram is no longer meaningful.

Godavari Hostel
Brahmaputra Hostel
Entrance View of Newly opened Sabarmathi Hostel

The halls of IITM are:

Boys' Hostels
Alakananda Bhadra Brahmaputra Cauvery
Ganga Godavari Jamuna Krishna
Mahanadhi Mandakini Narmada Pampa
Saraswathi Sindhu Tamraparani Tapti
Girls' hostels
Sabarmati Sarayu Sharavathi Tunga

Sindhu, Pampa, Mahanadhi and Tamiraparani are seven-storeyed whereas all the other (older, classic) hostels are three or four storeyed. These four hostels can accommodate more than 1,200 students.[48] The older hostels were all three-storeyed till the early 2000s when extra rooms in the form of an extra floor and rooms above the common room were added. An additional new floor in the three-storeyed hostels which generally house the undergraduate students and a new block in place of the mess halls of these hostels have been constructed to accommodate for the increased intake of the students. These new blocks could be used as entrances for these hostels.

Extracurricular activities

Deer at IIT Madras, in the open ground between SAC and the stadium

The Sustainability Network (S-Net) is an alumni-student-faculty initiative launched in May 2009 to sensitise and highlight the need to preserve the unique niche of one of the best educational campus in India. S-Net was envisioned to work towards development and deployment of solutions for making a self-sustaining campus (focusing on energy/electricity, water, and waste management), which could eventually be replicated across the country through tie-ups with other educational institutions.[49]

Blackbuck deer at IIT Madras, IITM is also home to Endangered Species of Blackbuck deer

The Fifth Estate[50] is the official media body of IIT Madras and gives an insight into the happenings inside the campus and important news related to the institute. The Open Air Theatre hosts the weekly movie, a Saturday night tradition, besides other activities. It seats over 7,000.

The National Service Scheme[51] (NSS) in IIT Madras has been noted for taking up socially relevant initiatives, taken up as individual projects to create an impact on the society as well as the students. The wing of NSS at IITM has over 400 students every year, contributing to the cause of the scheme. Since its inception, NSS at IITM has achieved many milestones in its history as a unique, student-run organisation. Linked with several NGOs and social organisations both within and outside Chennai. By working out projects from Braille magazines to technology interventions, from teaching children in urban slums to educational video content, NSS (IITM) seeks to challenge the mediocre thinking, and reach out into the darkness, to pull a hand into the light.

Hobby clubs include the speaking club, the astro club, dramatics, music and robotics.

Student bodies such as Vivekananda Study Circle (VSC), Islamic Study Circle, IIT Christian Fellowship, Genesis and Reflections focus on spiritual discussions.

The campus has evolved a slang, attracting a published Master's thesis at a German University.[52] A mix of English, Hindi, Telugu (Gult), Malayalam (Mallu) and Tamil (Tam), aspects of the campus slang have been adopted by some other Chennai colleges.

Unlike its sister institutions, IIT Madras has no single Indian language used among its students: Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Marathi, Kannada, English and Hindi are all very commonly used. Consequently, all student participatory activities like debating, dramatics, short-film making, and others are held in English. This is even reflected in the slang that uses more of English and other Indian regional languages than Hindi, unlike in IIT-M's northern counterparts.


IIT Madras provides residential accommodation for its students, faculty, administrative and supporting staff, and their families. The residential houses employ private caterers. The self-contained campus includes two schools (Vanavani and Kendriya Vidyalaya), three temples (Jalakanteshwara, Durga Peliamman and Ganapathi temple), three bank branches (SBI, ICICI, Canara Bank), a hospital, shopping centres, food shops, a gym, a swimming pool, cricket, football, hockey and badminton stadiums. Internet is available in the academic zone and the faculty and staff residential zone. Earlier Internet was limited in hostel-zone from 2:00 pm till midnight and from 5:00 am to 8:00 am, but increasing demand during academic semester lead to full day Internet service.[53]

IIT Madras has the fastest super computing facility among educational institutions in India. The IBM Virgo Super Cluster installed with 97 teraflops was also ranked 364 among the top 500 in world in the Top500 November 2012 list. Apart from this, the institution already has a super computer with 20 teraflops.[54]

IIT Madras Heritage Centre

Entrance of the Heritage Centre at IIT Madras

The Heritage Centre was formally inaugurated by Dr Arcot Ramachandran, former Director IIT Madras on 3 March 2006. The Centre is located on the ground floor of the administration building. The actual idea of a Heritage Centre was mooted in the year 2000 and it has become a reality due to the efforts of the Professor-in-charge Dr Ajit Kumar Kolar and his team. The Centre will function as a repository of material of heritage value and historical significance of various facets of the Institute.

The exhibits include photographs, documents, publications, paintings, portraits, products developed and other articles. Information regarding important events, laboratory development, visits of important dignitaries, Indo-German cooperative activities, and academic achievements of faculty and students also are included. Aspects of IITM campus features and development, campus life and student activities are also included, thus broadening the scope of the Centre in the future to non-academic activities also.

The activities of the Heritage Centre will be of a continuous nature from now on and hence the support and cooperation of all IITians (students, faculty and staff, past and present) is very essential in making the Centre meet its goal of preserving IITM history and culture for the future generations of IITians. By the very nature of the task, the role of the Alumni is crucial in establishing and furtherance the Centre.

Notable alumni

See also


  1. IIT MADRAS SIDDHIRBHAVATI KARMAJA!. Event occurs at 5m3s.
  2. 1 2 About IIT Madras | Indian Institute of Technology Madras. Retrieved on 2013-10-09.
  3. Murali, Kanta (2003-02-01). "The IIT Story: Issues and Concerns". Frontline. Retrieved 2009-09-22.
  4. 1 2 "The Indian Institute of Technology Madras -- 50 Glorious Years". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2008-07-31. Retrieved 2009-09-22.
  5. "Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras)". Retrieved 2009-09-22.
  6. "At 'Nostalgia,' tributes to Indo-German ties". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2009-02-28. Retrieved 2009-09-22.
  7. Madras, Indian Institute of Technology (2006-01-18). "The Institute". Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-14.
  8. Archived 10 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. "The Hindu : Front Page : M.S. Ananth to step down as Director of IIT-Madras". Chennai, India. 30 March 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
  10. "IIT-Madras bids farewell to Ananth". Retrieved 14 August 2011.
  11. "Central Administration". Retrieved 14 August 2011.
  27. "JEE 2017 By IIT Madras: What To Expect".
  28. 1 2 "Admission Tests". Retrieved 29 June 2011.
  29. IIT Madras cutoffs Trend
  30. 1 2 "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2014. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
  31. 1 2 "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  32. "Top 400 - Times Higher Education BRICS and Emerging Economies University Rankings". The Times Higher Education. 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  33. "Top 100 - Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings". The Times Higher Education. 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  34. "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2016". Ministry of Human Resource Development. 2016.
  35. "HRD Ministry announces universities ranking, IIT Madras and IIM Bangalore top the list".
  36. "Best Engineering colleges 2014". India Today. 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
  37. "Top Engineering Colleges". Outlook India. 16 June 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  38. "India's Top Engineering Colleges 2012 (DQ-CMR T-Schools Survey 2012)". Dataquest. 15 December 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  39. "Top 50 Government Engineering Colleges of 2009" (PDF). Mint. 23 June 2009. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  40. "Evaluation System of IIT Madras". IIT Madras. 2012-01-01. Archived from the original on 9 April 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-01.
  41. IIT Madras Research Park: Research and Development, Innovation management. Retrieved on 2013-10-09.
  43. IITs and IISc elearning Courses in Engineering and Science under NPTEL. Retrieved on 2013-10-09.
  45. Shaastra Archived 7 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  46. Hostel Information | CCW. Retrieved on 2013-10-09.
  47. The SNet Energy Survey: 8th Nov | T5E - The Fifth Estate | IIT Madras' Campus News Body. (2009-12-26). Retrieved on 2013-10-09.
  48. The Fifth Estate
  49. Nss Iitm. Nss Iitm. Retrieved on 2013-10-09.
  51. "About the Campus". Retrieved 12 June 2011.
  52. IIT-M computer system gets ‘fastest’ tag. The Hindu (2012-10-07). Retrieved on 2013-10-09.
  53. "Anant Agarwal | CSAIL". Retrieved 5 October 2011.
  54. When an Internet Company Goes Public, Will Its Stock Price Dictate Strategy? Archived 15 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  55. L. Mahadevan at Harvard Archived 27 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  56. L. Mahadevan, MacArthur Fellow
  57. Times of India interview
  58. Venkat Rangan at Clearwell Systems
  59. "Hari Balakrishnan |". Retrieved 18 September 2016.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to IIT Madras.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/30/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.