Independent Broad-based Anti-corruption Commission (IBAC)

Independent Broad-based Anti-corruption Commission (IBAC)
Abbreviation IBAC

Logo of the Independent Broad-based Anti-corruption Commission (IBAC)
Agency overview
Formed July, 2012
Preceding agency Office of Police Integrity
Employees 200
Annual budget A$31 million (2014-2015)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* State of Victoria, Australia
Governing body Parliament of Victoria
Constituting instrument Independent Broad-based Anti-corruption Commission Act 2011 (IBAC Act)
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Level 1, 459 Collins Street, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Agency executives
  • Stephen O'Bryan, Commissioner '[1]
  • Alistair Maclean, CEO '[1]
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Independent Broad-based Anti-corruption Commission (IBAC) is Victoria's anti-corruption agency with jurisdiction over the public sector. It does this by:


IBAC's jurisdiction includes:

IBAC is one of three key independent authorities in the Victorian integrity system. The other agencies are the Victorian Ombudsman and the Victorian Auditor-General's Office.

Under the IBAC Act,[3] IBAC is accountable to the people of Victoria and reports to the State Parliament.

It is also subject to scrutiny through:


The IBAC Act[3] was passed on 29 November 2011, establishing:

In 2012, the IBAC Act was amended to grant IBAC certain investigative powers as well as define its main areas of jurisdiction.[3] Further legislation was subsequently introduced to replace the former Whistleblowers Protection Act 2001[4][5] with the Protected Disclosure Act 2012 (Protected Disclosure Act).[6]

IBAC was formally established on 1 July 2012[7] and became fully operational in February 2013.


IBAC has powers to effectively investigate allegations of serious corrupt conduct. These include the power to:

IBAC must apply to the Supreme Court or other courts and tribunals before exercising some powers.[3] The Public Interest Monitor reviews and makes submissions on IBAC's applications for surveillance device warrants and telecommunications interception warrants.[9]

Prior to its establishment, the powers granted under the IBAC Act were publicly criticised.[10] Following establishment, former Court of Appeal judge and Chair of the Accountability Round Table, Stephen Charles QC, said the IBAC legislation was "seriously flawed" and that IBAC required investigatory powers similar to those of the New South Wales Independent Commission Against Corruption.[11]

IBAC's Commissioner Stephen O’Bryan QC stated:

"As with any new and complex legislation, it is not until it is applied in practice over time that areas for improvement are best identified. I am confident that the IBAC Act provides a solid initial framework for Victoria's new integrity regime and that, as with any such legislation, it will transform over time. Certainly, if elements of the Act fall short of what is needed to carry out most effectively its objectives and purposes, I have publicly stated that I will seek appropriate amendment."[12]

After a year of full operation, the Commissioner determined some areas of the IBAC Act would benefit from amendment. Detailed in the April 2014 Special report following IBAC's first year of being fully operational,[13] these included:

In September 2014, the Integrity Legislation Amendment Bill 2014[14] (Bill) was introduced to Parliament. The Bill proposed amendments to:

The Bill was not passed during the final session of Parliament before the November 2014 Victorian State election.[15]

On 1 February 2015, the newly sworn in Labor Government announced it was undertaking a review of the Victorian integrity system, including changes to IBAC's powers.[16] A string investigations in 2015 renewed public support to bring forward changes to the IBAC Act,[17] with the government confirming its commitment to introduce a Bill to State Parliament in 2015.[18]


Operation Dunham (continuing)

Operation Dunham examined allegations of serious corruption at the Department of Education and Training (DET)[19] focusing on:

IBAC is preparing[22] a report on the investigation findings and recommendations.

Operation Ord (2014–2016)

Operation Ord[23] examined allegations of serious corruption at the DET[24] focusing on the:

IBAC prepared a report[25] on the investigation findings and recommendations.[26]


  1. 1 2 IBAC people
  2. Owen, Rhys. "Protective services officers". Retrieved 2016-01-05.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Independent Broad-based Anti-corruption Commission Act 2011 Act". Retrieved 2015-12-31.
  4. "Victoria's New Protected Disclosure Regime - Maddocks". Maddocks. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
  5. "Whistleblowers Protection Act 2001" (PDF).
  6. "Protected Disclosure Act 2012". Retrieved 2015-12-31.
  7. "The first 100 days - from Ron Bonighton, Acting Commissioner, IBAC". Retrieved 2015-12-31.
  8. "Our investigative powers". Retrieved 2015-12-31.
  9. 1 2 "Public Interest Monitor Act 2011". Retrieved 2015-12-31.
  10. "Baillieu's toothless tiger". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
  11. Millar, Melissa Fyfe and Royce (2013-03-05). "Corruption watchdog is 'flawed'". The Age. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
  12. "Annual Report 2012/13, Commissioner's report" (PDF).
  13. "IBAC, Special report following IBAC's first year of being fully operational, April 2014" (PDF).
  14. "INTEGRITY LEGISLATION AMENDMENT BILL 2014". Retrieved 2016-01-05.
  15. Correspondent, Richard Willingham, State Political (2014-09-16). "IBAC changes 'may not have time to be debated'". The Age. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
  16. Tomazin, Farrah (2015-02-01). "Andrews government gives more powers to corruption busters, revamps public service". The Age. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
  17. Baker, Richard (2015-06-30). "Operation Ord proves IBAC's worth". The Age. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
  18. Tomazin, Farrah (2015-11-29). "IBAC to get beefed-up powers to probe MPs, judges, public servants". The Age. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
  19. "How the Ultranet scandal unfolded".
  20. "$60m Ultranet cost blowout likely: inquiry".
  21. "The man behind the $1m Ultranet payment: 'I saw it as my only option'".
  22. Cook, Henrietta. "Ultranet: education official admits secretly funnelling $1m into bidding company".
  23. "Operation Ord". IBAC.
  24. Baker, Richard (2016-05-01). "Operation Ord proves IBAC's worth". The Age.
  25. Minear, Tom. "IBAC education inquiry: Commission releases anti-corruption investigation findings". Herald Sun.
  26. "Operation Ord Special Report April 2016".
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