|City of regional significance|
Monument of Glory
|Coordinates: 46°18′06.0″N 30°39′25.0″E / 46.301667°N 30.656944°E|
|• Total||25 km2 (10 sq mi)|
|Elevation||29 m (95 ft)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+380 4868|
Chornomorsk (Ukrainian: Чорноморськ), formerly Illichivsk (Ukrainian: Іллічі́вськ, translit. Illichivs'k, Russian: Ильичёвск, Ilyichyovsk) is a city in the Odessa Oblast (province) of south-western Ukraine, dependent on the Port of Chornomorsk. The city is located around the Sukhyi Estuary. Administratively, Chornomorsk is incorporated as a town of oblast significance. Population: 59,851 (2015 est.)
Chornomorsk, formerly Illichivsk, was granted a city status in 1952 around the port, incorporating surrounding small settlements (dating back to 18th century). Before the construction of the port there was a village Buhovi khutory that in 1927 was renamed into Illichivsky.
On 15 May 2015 President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed a bill into law which began a six months period for the removal of communist monuments and the mandatory renaming of settlements with a name related to Communism. On 12 November 2015, the City Council decided to rename the city to Chornomorsk. The decision was confirmed by the Verkhovna Rada (the Ukrainian parliament) on 4 February 2016. The city was originally named after Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, the city was designed to become a new home for the Black Sea Shipping Company (then the largest passenger and commercial vessel operator in the world which declared bankruptcy in early 1990s). Originally a builder's trailer village, Chornomorsk has expanded to become Ukraine's most prosperous town (by income per capita). Residents are mostly employed by the port (one of the largest ports of Europe) and the maritime industry. Residents of Odessa have recently begun relocating to lower-cost but higher-income Chornomorsk.
According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census:
|Moldovans, Belarusians, Romanians, and other||4%|
Train ferry service to Bulgaria
Chornomorsk was connected by freight train ferry line (426 km) to Varna in Bulgaria in 1978. Four train ferries two Soviet and two Bulgarian ones, named "Hero of Odessa", "Hero of Sevastopol" and "Hero of Schipka", "Hero of Pleven" which could take in three decks a total of 108 two bogie (four axle) Soviet freight cars. In the first ten-year period (1978–1988), these train ferries had transported 1.000.000 freight cars between Illichivsk and Varna. This train ferry service took 17 hours in both directions. The Bulgarians built gauge changing apparatus at Varna which made it possible to change bogies of 24 freight cars in one hour thirty minutes.
Chornomorsk local economy is largely oriented to the sea. The biggest employer is a State Enterprise: "Chornomorsk Maritime Trade Port". The headquarters and manufacturing facilities of "Antarctica" (Ukraine's largest fishing company) are also located in Chornomorsk. Other major maritime shipping companies have also chosen to open their offices in Chornomorsk. The city's healthy economy continues to attract new businesses and residents.
The city also has a freight railway station Chornomorsk.
Twin towns – Sister cities
Chornomorsk is twinned with:
- Narva, Estonia
- Beyoğlu, Istanbul, Turkey
- Maardu, Estonia
- Qaradağ raion, Baku, Azerbaijan
- Tczew, Poland
- Державний комітет статистики України. Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2011 року, Київ-2011 (doc) Archived 10 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
- Poroshenko signed the laws about decomunization. Ukrayinska Pravda. 15 May 2015
Poroshenko signs laws on denouncing Communist, Nazi regimes, Interfax-Ukraine. 15 May 20
Goodbye, Lenin: Ukraine moves to ban communist symbols, BBC News (14 April 2015)
- Decommunisation continues: Rada renames several towns and villages, UNIAN (4 February 2016)
"Rada de-communized Artemivsk as well as over hundred cities and villages" (in Ukrainian). Pravda.com.ua. 4 February 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
- Media related to Category:Chornomorsk at Wikimedia Commons