House of Rohan

For other uses, see Rohan.
Arms of the House of Rohan: Gules, nine mascles or.

The House of Rohan is a French noble family of viscounts, later dukes and princes, coming from the locality of Rohan in Brittany. Their line descends from the viscounts of Porhoët and is said to trace back to the legendary Conan Meriadoc. Through the Porhoët, the Rohan are related to the Dukes of Brittany, with whom the family intermingled again after its inception. They developed ties with the French and English royal houses as well, and played an important role in France and European history.

Branches and titles

Château des Rohan in Mutzig, Alsace (completed in 1673)
Hôtel de Rohan-Soubise, Paris (completed in 1705)
Palais Rohan in Strasbourg, Alsace (completed in 1742)
Palais Rohan in Bordeaux, Aquitaine (completed in 1774)
Château des Rohan in Saverne, Alsace (completed in 1790)
Palais Rohan in Vienna, Austria (completed in 1864)

Alain I de Rohan, son of the viscount of Porhoët, was the first to take on the name of Rohan, after the place where he was born.

The main branch of the family became extinct when Jean II died childless in 1638; his title and possessions passed on to the cadet branch of Rohan-Gié.

When the first duke of Rohan, Henri II de Rohan-Gié, died, his title and name passed on to the Chabot family as his only daughter married Henri Chabot. This created the Rohan-Chabot lineage, which was not really a branch of the Rohan family.

During the 17th and 18th centuries the Rohan also bore the title Prince Étranger habitué en France due to their descent from the old kings of Brittany and their hereditary control of the archbishopric of Strasbourg, which made them princes of the Holy Roman Empire.

Descent tree

The family of Rohan has a long documented history, with close ties to the Dukes of Brittany.

Earliest Viscounts of Rohan

Alain I (-c. 1127), son of Eudes, Viscount of Porhoët

Leon Branch

Guéméné Branch

Junior Branch

Merged Branch

Notable members

See also


  1. "Brittany". Retrieved 2015-11-16.
  2. Marek, Miroslav (2004-01-30). "Rohan 1". Retrieved 2015-11-16.
  3. 1 2 3 Marek, Miroslav (2004-03-10). "Rohan 3". Retrieved 2015-11-16.
  4. 1 2 3 Walsby, Malcolm (2007). The Counts of Laval. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Company. pp. 180–190. ISBN 9780754658115.
  5. Marek, Miroslav (2005-01-04). "Rohan 4". Retrieved 2015-11-16.
  6. Anselme, Père. ‘’Histoire de la Maison Royale de France’’, tome 4. Editions du Palais-Royal, 1967, Paris. pp. 71-72. (French).
  7. Huberty, Michel; Giraud, Alain; Magdelaine, F.; B. (1985). L'Allemagne Dynastique, Tome IV -- Wittelsbach. France: Laballery. pp. 83, 106–107. ISBN 2-901138-04-7.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to House of Rohan.

 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Rohan". Encyclopædia Britannica. 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 459–460. 

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