For the village in Shandong, see Hongcun (Shandong).
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui - Xidi and Hongcun
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Location People's Republic of China
Type Cultural
Criteria iii, iv, v
Reference 1002
UNESCO region Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 2000 (24th Session)

Hongcun (Chinese: 宏村; pinyin: Hóngcūn, lit. "Hong village") is a village in Yi County in the historical Huizhou region of southern Anhui Province, China, near the southwest slope of Mount Huangshan.

The village is arranged in the shape of an ox with the nearby hill (Leigang Hill) interpreted as the head, and two trees standing on it as the horns. Four bridges across the Jiyin stream can be seen as the legs whilst the houses of the village form the body. Inside the “body”, the Jiyin stream represents the intestines and various lakes such as the “South Lake” (Nanhu) form the other internal organs.

The architecture and carvings of the approximately 150 residences dating back to the Ming and Qing Dynasties are said to be among the best of their kind in China. One of the biggest of the residences open to visitors, Chenzhi Hall, also contains a small museum.

Together with Xidi, the village became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.[1][2] Scenes from the film Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon were filmed on location in Hongcun.

Panorama of Hongcun
Hongcun, Anhui Province, China.


Buses are available from Huangshan Bus Station in the downtown.Besides, there are also buses from Tangkou Bus Station to Hongcun.Tangkou Bus Station is located at the foot of Huangshan Scenic Area.[3]


  1. "Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui - Xidi and Hongcun". UNESCO. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
  2. "Xidi and Hongcun Villages". China.com. 2008-09-16. Retrieved 2008-10-08. External link in |publisher= (help)
  3. "Hongcun" ChinaTour.Net Accessed 2014-11-23

Notable People

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hongcun.

Coordinates: 30°00′13″N 117°58′54″E / 30.00361°N 117.98167°E / 30.00361; 117.98167

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