Holocaust Memorial Days
Holocaust Memorial Day or Holocaust Remembrance Day may refer to a number of worldwide commemorations of the Holocaust taking place during World War II.
|United Nations||27 January||International Holocaust Remembrance Day||It was designated by the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 60/7 on 1 November 2005 during the 42nd plenary session|
|Israel (and many Jewish communities in other countries)||27 Nisan (April/May)||Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Day), or Yom HaZikaron laShoah ve-laGvura (the Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day)||Both an Israeli day of remembrance and a day of remembrance observed by many Jewish communities in the United States and elsewhere in the world.
The date relates both to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising which began 13 days earlier, and to the Israeli Independence Day which is eight days later.
|European Union||27 January||International Holocaust Remembrance Day||Since 1950|
|Austria||May 5||"Gedenktag gegen Gewalt und Rassismus im Gedenken an die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus" (Memorial Day against Violence and Racism in Memory on the Victims of National Socialism)||The day that the concentration camp Mauthausen was liberated in 1945. German: Gedenktag gegen Gewalt und Rassismus im Gedenken an die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus|
|Bulgaria||March 10||Holocaust Remembrance Day and the "Day of the Salvation of the Bulgarian Jews and of the Victims of the Holocaust and of the Crimes against Humanity"||The day of the revocation of the plan to expel the country's Jewish population, officially designated in 2003.|
|Czech Republic||27 January||Memorial Day for the Victims of the Holocaust and Prevention of Crimes against Humanity||Czech: Den památky obětí holocaustu a předcházení zločinu proti lidskosti|
|France||16 July||Anniversary of the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup||French: Anniversaire de la rafle du Vélodrome d'hiver. Remembrance marking the mass arrest of 13,152 Jews in Paris on this date in 1942 and their extermination at Auschwitz.|
|Germany||27 January||Memorial Day for the Victims of National Socialism||German: Tag des Gedenkens an die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus|
|Greece||27 January||National Holocaust Memorial Day||Greek: Εθνική Ημέρα Μνήμης Ολοκαυτώματος (Ethniki Imera Mnimis Olokaftomatos), since 2004.|
|Italy||27 January||Memorial Day||Italian: Giorno della Memoria|
|Netherlands||4 May||Dodenherdenking (Remembrance of the Dead)||There is a separate Auschwitzherdenking (liberation of Auschwitz memorial) every last Sunday of January|
|Poland||19 April||Holocaust Remembrance Day||Anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising|
|Romania||9 October||National Day of Commemorating the Holocaust||Romanian: Ziua Naţională de Comemorare a Holocaustului|
|Serbia||22 April||Dan sećanja na žrtve holokausta (Holocaust Remembrance Day)|
|Sweden||27 January||'Förintelsens minnesdag' (Holocaust Remembrance Day)||Has been commemorated as a national remembrance day every year since 1999.|
|United Kingdom||27 January||Holocaust Memorial Day|
|United States||8 May||Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust||Proposed by Steven Spielberg, film director of Schindler's List, a story of a Nazi party member who saved 1,100 Jews from extermination. Not a federal holiday, but in 2005 the United States had a "moment of silence" on the 60th anniversary of the surrender of Nazi Germany. The world became more aware of the Holocaust when Allied troops liberated those held in Nazi concentration camps.|
|United States||8-day period, from the Sunday before Yom Hashoah to the Sunday after Yom Hashoah||Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust (DRVH)||Established by Congress as the period for remembrance programs and ceremonies, with the participation of States, Cities, and military ships and stations. The annual National Civic Commemoration is held in the Capitol Rotunda. The US Holocaust Memorial Museum provides support materials linked to an annual theme. The Department of Defense produced a resource guide for military programs.|
|Alberta, Manitoba and Nova Scotia, Canada||27 Nisan (April/May)||The Canadian provinces of Alberta, Manitoba and Nova Scotia enacted legislation to recognize Holocaust Memorial Day in 2000.||Note. Other provinces of Canada have made the same enactment so the Canadian entry needs a full updating|
As of 2004, twelve countries observed January 27, the day of the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp, including Germany, Britain, France, Italy and Scandinavian countries. In 2004 Israel designated this date as a mark of the struggle against anti-Semitism.
As of 2004, eleven countries in Europe had chosen dates related to local histories.
- Holocaust remembrance at www.UN.org.
- "Remembrance Day Calendar". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
- Government: sessions at www.ukom.gov.si
- Bulgaria marks its Holocaust Remembrance day, The Sofia Echo, March 10, 2011 (retrieved October 10, 2013)
- Anazitisi: Nomothetiko at www.HellenicParliament.gr
- ODIHR. "Obchody Dnia Pamieci o Holokauscie" (PDF file, direct download 5.14 MB). Yad Vashem. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
- Documents: Acts at www.qp.Alberta.ca
- "Holocaust Memorial Day Act". nslegislature.ca. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- Laws: Statutes at web2.Gov. MB.ca