History of the Los Angeles Rams
The Los Angeles Rams are a professional American football team that play in the National Football League (NFL). The Rams franchise was founded in 1936 as the Cleveland Rams in the short-lived second American Football League before joining the NFL the next year. In 1946, the franchise moved to Los Angeles. The Rams franchise remained in the metro area until 1994, when they moved to St. Louis, and were known as the St. Louis Rams from 1995 to 2015. The Rams franchise returned to Los Angeles in 2016. This article chronicles the franchise's history during their time in Los Angeles, from playing at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum between 1946 and 1979, to playing at Anaheim Stadium (now known as Angel Stadium of Anaheim) in Anaheim from 1980 to 1994, and its return to Southern California beginning with the 2016 season. This history chronicles the franchise's time in Los Angeles from 1946 to 1994 and again since 2016.
1946–48: Starting over in Los Angeles
On January 12, 1946, Dan Reeves was denied a request by the other National Football League (NFL) owners to move his team, the Cleveland Rams to Los Angeles and the then-103,000-seat Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Reeves threatened to end his relationship with the NFL and get out of the professional football business altogether unless the Rams transfer to Los Angeles was permitted. A settlement was reached and, as a result, Reeves was allowed to move his team to Los Angeles. Consequently, the NFL became the first professional coast-to-coast sports entertainment industry.
From 1933, when Joe Lillard left the Chicago Cardinals, through 1946, there were no Black players in American professional football. After the Rams had received approval to move to Los Angeles, the Rams entered into negotiations to lease the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. The Rams were advised that a precondition to them getting a lease was that they would have to integrate the team with at least one African-American; the Rams agreed to this condition. Subsequently, the Rams signed Kenny Washington on March 21, 1946. The signing of Washington caused "all hell to break loose" among the owners of the NFL franchises. The Rams added a second black player, Woody Strode, on May 7, 1946, giving them two black players going into the 1946 season.
The Rams were the first team in the NFL to play in Los Angeles (the 1926 Los Angeles Buccaneers were strictly a road team), but they were not the only professional football team to play its home games in the Coliseum between 1946 and 1949. The upstart All-America Football Conference had the Los Angeles Dons compete there as well. Reeves was taking a gamble that Los Angeles was ready for its own professional football team – and suddenly there were two in the City of Angels. Reeves was proved to be correct when the Rams played their first pre-season game against the Washington Redskins in front of a crowd of 95,000 fans. The team finished their first season in L.A. with a 6–4–1 record, second place behind the Chicago Bears. At the end of the season Walsh was fired as head coach. The Coliseum would be the home of the Rams for more than 30 years (the Dons merged with them in late 1949), but the facility was already over 20 years old on the day of the first kickoff. In 1948, halfback Fred Gehrke painted horns on the Rams' helmets, making the first modern helmet emblem in pro football.
The Rams' play-by-play announcer from 1937 through 1965 was Robert J. "Bob" Kelley, known as "The Voice of the Rams", also broadcast for NCAA teams Notre Dame and Michigan football as well as the Los Angeles Angels Pacific Coast League team and American League team. Kelley had an early evening talk show on L.A. radio station KMPC, that was considered by most sports enthusiasts as highly entertaining. Kelley was generally considered a Legend and a true professional, one of the great radio, play-by-play announcers of our time. At the beginning of the 1951 World Championship game after the kickoff, Kelley was able to cite every player on the field prior to the first snap from scrimmage, an 80-yard touchdown ("and I think he's going to go all the way").
1949–56: Three-end formation
The Rams' first heyday in Southern California was from 1949 to 1955, when they played in the pre-Super Bowl era NFL Championship Game four times, winning once in the 1951. During this period, they had the best offense in the NFL, even though there was a quarterback change from Bob Waterfield to Norm Van Brocklin in 1951. The defining Offensive players of this period were wide receiver Elroy Hirsch, Van Brocklin and Waterfield. Teamed with fellow Hall of Famer Tom Fears, Hirsch helped create the style of Rams football as one of the first big play receivers. During the 1951 Championship season, Hirsch posted a then stunning 1,495 receiving yards with 17 touchdowns. The popularity of this wide-open offense enabled the Los Angeles Rams to become the first pro football team to have all their games televised in 1950.
1957–64: Newcomers to L.A. and record attendance
In the late 1950s and early 1960s, the Los Angeles Rams went from being the only major professional sports franchise in Southern California and Los Angeles to being one of five. The Los Angeles Dodgers moved from Brooklyn in 1958, the Los Angeles Chargers of the upstart AFL was established in 1960, the Los Angeles Lakers moved from Minneapolis in 1960, and the Los Angeles Angels were awarded to Gene Autry in 1961. In spite of this, the Rams continued to thrive in Southern California. In the first two years after the Dodgers moved to California, the Rams drew an average of 83,681 in 1958 and 74,069 in 1959. The Rams were so popular in Los Angeles that the upstart Chargers chose to relocate to San Diego rather than attempt to compete with the immensely popular Rams. The Los Angeles Times put the Chargers plight as such: "Hilton [the Chargers owner at the time] quickly realized that taking on the Rams in L.A. was like beating his head against the wall."
During this time, the Rams were not as successful on the field as they had been during their first decade. The team's combined record from 1957 to 1964 was 24–35–1 (.407), but the Rams continued to fill the cavernous Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum on a regular basis. While the National Football League's average attendance ranged from the low 30,000s to the low 40,000s during this time, the Rams were drawing anywhere from 10,000 to 40,000 fans more than the league average. In 1957, the Rams set the all-time NFL attendance record that stood until 2006 and broke the 100,000 mark twice during the 1958 campaign.
The Rams posted losing records in all but two seasons between 1956 and 1966. In those two seasons, the club finished with a 6 and 6 record in 1957 followed by an 8 and 4 mark and a strong second place showing the next year. Led by business executive Pete Rozelle's shrewd understanding of how to use television as a (then-) revolutionary promotional device, the Rams remained a business success despite the team's poor record. In a 1957 game against the San Francisco 49ers, the Rams set a record for attendance for a regular-season NFL game (102,368 people). The Rams drew over 100,000 fans twice the following year.
1965–69: The Fearsome Foursome
The 1960s were defined by the Rams great defensive line of Rosey Grier, Merlin Olsen, Deacon Jones, and Lamar Lundy, dubbed the "Fearsome Foursome." It was this group of players who restored the on-field luster of the franchise in 1967 when the Rams reached (but lost) the conference championship under legendary coach George Allen. That 1967 squad would become the first NFL team to surpass one million spectators in a season, a feat the Rams would repeat the following year. In each of those two years, the L.A. Rams drew roughly double the number of fans that could be accommodated by their current stadium for a full season.
George Allen led the Rams from 1966 to 1970 and introduced many innovations, including the hiring of a young Dick Vermeil as one of the first special teams coaches. Though Allen would enjoy five straight winning seasons and win two divisional titles in his time with the Rams he never won a playoff game with the team, losing in 1967 to Green Bay 28–7 and in 1969 23–20 to Minnesota. Allen would leave after the 1970 season to take the head coaching job for the Washington Redskins.
Quarterback Roman Gabriel played eleven seasons for the Rams dating from 1962–72. From 1967–71, Gabriel led the Rams to either a first- or second-place finish in their division every year. He was voted the MVP of the entire NFL in 1969, for a season in which he threw for 2,549 yards and 24 TDs while leading the Rams to the playoffs. During the 1970 season, Gabriel combined with his primary receiver Jack Snow for 51 receptions totaling 859 yards. This would prove to be the best season of their eight seasons as teammates.
In 1972, Chicago industrialist Robert Irsay purchased the Rams for $19 million and then traded the franchise to Carroll Rosenbloom for his Baltimore Colts and cash. The Rams remained solid contenders in the 1970s, winning seven straight NFC West championships between 1973–79. Though they clearly were the class of the NFC in the 1970s along with the Dallas Cowboys and Minnesota Vikings, they lost the first four conference championship games they played in that decade, losing twice each to Minnesota (1974, 1976) and Dallas (1975, 1978) and failing to win a league championship.
1973–79: NFC West champions
The Rams' coach for this run was Chuck Knox, who led the team through 1977. The Chuck Knox-coached Rams featured an unremarkable offense carried into the playoffs annually by an elite defensive unit. The defining player of the 1970s L.A. Rams was Jack Youngblood. Youngblood was called the 'Perfect Defensive End' by fellow Hall of Famer Merlin Olsen. His toughness was legendary, notably playing on a broken leg during the Rams' run to the 1980 Super Bowl. His blue-collar ethic stood in opposition to the perception that the Rams were a soft 'Hollywood' team. However, several Rams players from this period took advantage of their proximity to Hollywood and crossed over into acting after their playing careers ended. Most notable of these was Fred Dryer, who starred in the TV series Hunter from 1984 to 1991, as well as Olsen, who retired after 1976. During the 1977 offseason, the Rams, looking for a veteran quarterback, acquired Joe Namath from the Jets. In spite of a 2–1 start to the regular season, Namath's bad knees rendered him nearly immobile and after a Monday night defeat in Chicago, he never played again. With Pat Haden at the helm, the Rams won the division and advanced to the playoffs, but lost at home to Minnesota. Chuck Knox left for the Bills in 1978, after which Ray Malavasi became head coach. Going 12–4, the team won the NFC West for the sixth year in a row and defeated the Vikings, thus avenging their earlier playoff defeat. However, success eluded them again as they were shut out in the NFC Championship by the Cowboys.
1979: First Super Bowl appearance
Ironically, it was the Rams' weakest divisional winner (an aging 1979 team that only achieved a 9–7 record) that would achieve the team's greatest success in that period. Led by third-year quarterback Vince Ferragamo, the Rams shocked the heavily favored and two-time defending NFC champion Dallas Cowboys 21–19 in the Divisional Playoffs, then shut out the upstart Tampa Bay Buccaneers 9–0 in the conference championship game to win the NFC and reach their first Super Bowl. Along with Ferragamo, key players for the Rams were halfback Wendell Tyler, offensive lineman Jackie Slater, and Pro Bowl defenders Jack Youngblood and Jack "Hacksaw" Reynolds.
The Rams' opponent in their first Super Bowl was the defending champion Pittsburgh Steelers. The game would be a virtual home game for the Rams as it was played in Pasadena at the Rose Bowl. Although some oddsmakers set the Rams as a 10½ point underdog, the Rams played Pittsburgh very tough, leading at halftime 13–10 and at the end of the third quarter 19–17. In the end, however, the Steelers finally asserted themselves, scoring two touchdowns in the 4th quarter and completely shutting down the Rams offense to win their fourth Super Bowl, 31–19.
1980–82: The move to Anaheim
Prior to the 1979 NFL season, owner Carroll Rosenbloom died in a drowning accident, and his widow, Georgia Frontiere, inherited 70 percent ownership of the team. Frontiere then fired stepson Steve Rosenbloom and assumed total control of Rams operations. As had been planned prior to Rosenbloom's death, the Rams moved from their longtime home at the Coliseum to Anaheim Stadium in nearby Orange County in 1980.
The reason for the move was twofold. First, the NFL's blackout rule forbade games from being shown on local television if they did not sell out within 72 hours of the opening kickoff. As the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum seated 92,604 at the time, it was rarely possible to sell that many tickets even in the Rams' best years, and so most Rams home games were blacked out. Second, this move was following the population pattern in Southern California. During the 1970s and 1980s, the decline of manufacturing industries in the northeastern United States combined with the desire of many people to live in a warmer climate caused a large-scale population shift to the southern and western states. As a result, many affluent new suburbs were built in the Los Angeles area. Anaheim Stadium was originally built in 1966 to be the home of the California Angels. To accommodate the Rams' move, the ballpark was reconfigured and enclosed to accommodate a capacity of 69,008 in the football configuration. With their new, smaller home, the Rams had no problem selling out games.
In 1980, the team posted an 11–5 record, but only managed a wild card spot and were sent packing after a loss to the Cowboys. Age and injuries finally caught up with the Rams in 1981, as they only won six games and missed the playoffs for the first time in nine years. After the 1982 season was shortened to nine games by a strike, the Rams went 2–7, the worst record ever in NFL.
In 1982, the Oakland Raiders moved to Los Angeles and took up residence in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. The combined effect of these two moves was to divide the Rams' traditional fanbase in two. This was coupled with the early 1980s being rebuilding years for the club, while the Raiders were winners of Super Bowl XVIII in the 1983 season. Meanwhile, the Los Angeles Lakers won championships in 1980 and 1982 en route to winning five titles in that decade, the Los Angeles Dodgers won the World Series in 1981 and 1988, and even the Los Angeles Kings made a deep run in the playoffs in 1982. As a result, the Rams declined sharply in popularity during the 1980s.
1983–91: Robinson takes over the Rams and the Dickerson era
The hiring of coach John Robinson in 1983 provided a needed boost for pro football in Orange County. The former USC coach began by cutting the aged veterans left over from the 1970s teams. His rebuilding program began to show results when the team rebounded to 9–7 in 1983 and defeated Dallas in the playoffs. However, the season ended after a rout at the hands of the soon-to-be champion Redskins. Another trip to the playoffs in 1984 saw them lose to the Giants. They made the NFC Championship Game in 1985 after winning the division, where they would be shut out by the eventual champion Chicago Bears 24–0.
The most notable player for the Rams during that period was running back Eric Dickerson, who was drafted in 1983 out of SMU and won Rookie of the Year. In 1984, Dickerson rushed for 2,105 yards, setting a new NFL record. Dickerson would end his five hugely successful years for the Rams in 1987 by being traded to the Indianapolis Colts for a number of players and draft picks after a bitter contract dispute, shortly after the players' strike that year ended. Dickerson was the Rams' career rushing leader until 2010, with 7,245 yards. Despite this trade, the Rams remained contenders due to the arrival of the innovative offensive leadership of Ernie Zampese. Zampese brought the intricate timing routes he had used in making the San Diego Chargers a state-of-the-art offense. Under Zampese, the Rams rose steadily from 28th rated offense in 1986 to 3rd in 1990. The late 1980s Rams featured a gifted young QB in Jim Everett, a solid rushing attack and a fleet of talented WRs led by Henry Ellard.
After a 10–6 season in 1986, the Rams were booted from the playoffs by Washington. After one game of the 1987 season was lost to the players' strike, the NFL employed substitutes, most of which were given derogatory nicknames (in this case the Los Angeles Shams). After a 2–1 record, the Rams' regulars returned, but the team only went 6–9 and did not qualify for the postseason.
The Rams managed to return in 1988 with a 10–6 record, but then were defeated by Minnesota in the wild card round. Los Angeles won the first five games of 1989, including a sensational defeat of the defending champion 49ers. They beat the Eagles in the wild card game, then beat the Giants in overtime before suffering a 30–3 flogging at the hands of the 49ers in the NFC Championship Game.
Although it wasn't apparent at the time, the 1989 NFC Championship Game was the end of an era. The Rams would never have another winning season in Los Angeles. They crumbled to 5–11 in 1990, followed by a 3–13 season in 1991.
1992–94: The end of the original Southern California team
Robinson was fired at the end of the 1991 season. The return of Chuck Knox as head coach, after Knox's successful stints as head coach of the Buffalo Bills and Seattle Seahawks, would not boost the Rams' fortunes. His run-oriented offense marked the end of the Zampese tenure in 1993. Knox' game plans called for an offense that would be steady, if unspectacular. Unfortunately for the Rams, Knox's offense was not only aesthetically unpleasing but dull as well, especially by 1990s standards. The Rams finished last in the NFC West during all three years of Knox' second stint, and were never a serious contender during this time.
As the losses piled up and the team was seen as playing uninspired football, the Rams' already dwindling fan base was reduced even further. By 1994, support for the Rams had withered to the point where they were barely part of the Los Angeles sports landscape. With sellouts becoming fewer and far between, the Rams saw more of their games blacked out in Southern California. One of the few bright spots during this time was Jerome Bettis, a bruising running back from Notre Dame. Bettis flourished in Knox' offense, running for 1,429 yards as a rookie, and 1,025 in his sophomore effort.
As it has become increasingly common with sports franchises, the Rams began to blame much of their misfortune on their stadium situation. With Orange County mired in a deep recession resulting largely from defense sector layoffs, the Rams were unable to secure a new or improved stadium in the Los Angeles area, which ultimately cast their future in Southern California into doubt.
Georgia's endgame for the Los Angeles Rams
The first half of the 1990s featured four straight 10-loss seasons, no playoff appearances, and waning fan interest. The return of Chuck Knox as head coach (after his successful stints as head coach of the Buffalo Bills and Seattle Seahawks), would not boost the Rams' fortunes. His run-oriented offense brought the end of Zampese's tenure, in 1993. John Shaw, the team's general manager, was perceived by some to continually squander NFL Draft picks on sub-standard talent. The offensive scheme was not only unspectacular to watch, but dull by 1990s standards—further alienating fans.
Team management traded quarterback Jim Everett, and released All-Pro linebacker Kevin Greene, which set the once-proud franchise further back. At this point, Georgia Frontiere blamed the poor front office decisions on their stadium situation. However, neither Orange County nor the city of Los Angeles were prepared to build a taxpayer-financed stadium just for the Rams. Claiming that Southern California was so unprofitable that the Rams would go bankrupt without a new stadium, Mrs. Frontiere decided to move the team.
Georgia Frontiere initially attempted to relocate the Rams to Baltimore, but her fellow owners turned that proposal down. Mrs. Frontiere then sought to relocate the team to St. Louis. This move was initially voted down as well. The other owners (led by Buffalo's Ralph Wilson, the Jets' Leon Hess, the Giants' Wellington Mara, Washington's Jack Kent Cooke, Arizona's Bill Bidwill and Minnesota's John Skoglund) believed that the Rams' financial problems were due to the Frontieres' mismanagement. When Georgia Frontiere threatened to sue the league, Commissioner Paul Tagliabue acquiesced to Frontiere's demands.
As part of the relocation deal, the city of St. Louis agreed to build a taxpayer-financed stadium, the Trans World Dome (now the Dome at America's Center) and guaranteed that the stadium's amenities would be maintained in the top 25 percent of all NFL stadiums. Frontiere waived the clause after a 10-year threshold period passed, as the city implemented a later plan to improve the stadium.
The move left many in the Los Angeles area, and many of those indifferent to the whole situation, embittered toward the NFL. That sentiment was best expressed by Fred Dryer, who at the time said "I hate these people (the organization and its owner) for what they did, taking the Rams logo with them when they moved to St. Louis. That logo belonged to Southern California." Steve Rosenbloom, the general manager of the team during Carroll Rosenbloom's tenure, opined that teams come and go, but for a team to leave Los Angeles—the second largest media market in America—for St. Louis (approximately the 18th-largest) was simply irresponsible and foolish, in spite of the notoriously fickle support of Los Angeles fans. With the Raiders moving from Los Angeles back to Oakland only a few months later, the NFL would have no franchise in Los Angeles for the first time in 50 seasons.
By 1995, the Rams franchise had withered to a mere shadow of its former self. Accusations and excuses were constantly thrown back and forth between the Rams fan base, ownership, and local politicians. Many in the fan base blamed the ownership of Georgia Frontiere for the franchise's woes, while ownership cited the out-dated stadium and withering fan support.
Frontiere finally gave up and decided to move the Rams to St. Louis. However, on March 15, 1995, the other league owners rejected Frontiere's bid to move the franchise by a 21–3–6 vote. Then-Commissioner Paul Tagliabue stated after rejecting the move, "This was one of the most complex issues we have had to approach in years. We had to balance the interest of fans in Los Angeles and in St. Louis that we appreciate very much. In my judgment, they did not meet the guidelines we have in place for such a move." The commissioner also added: "Once the bridges have been burned and people get turned off on a sports franchise, years of loyalty is not respected and it is difficult to get it back. By the same token, there are millions of fans in that area who have supported the Rams in an extraordinary way. The Rams have 50 years of history and the last 5 or so years of difficult times can be corrected."
Frontiere, however, responded with a thinly veiled threat at a lawsuit. The owners eventually acquiesced to her demands, wary of going through a long, protracted legal battle. Tagliabue simply stated that "The desire to have peace and not be at war was a big factor" in allowing the Rams move to go forward. In a matter of a month, the vote had gone from 21–6 opposed to 23–6 in favor. Jonathan Kraft, son of Patriots owner Robert Kraft, elaborated on the commissioner's remarks by saying that "about five or six owners didn't want to get the other owners into litigation, so they switched their votes." Only six teams remained in opposition to the Rams move from Los Angeles: the Pittsburgh Steelers, New York Giants, New York Jets, Buffalo Bills, Arizona Cardinals, and Washington Redskins. After the vote was over, Steelers owner Dan Rooney publicly stated that he opposed the move of the Los Angeles Rams because "I believe we should support the fans who have supported us for years."
Time in St. Louis
While in St. Louis, the Rams played their first few home games at Busch Memorial Stadium before the Trans World Dome (now known as the Dome at America's Center) was completed during the middle of the 1995 season. Aided by an offense nicknamed "The Greatest Show on Turf", a period of success occurred between 1999 and 2004 when the team qualified for the playoffs in five out of those six seasons, including a win in Super Bowl XXXIV against the Tennessee Titans, and a loss to the New England Patriots in Super Bowl XXXVI. Other than that period of success, the St. Louis Rams repeatedly suffered losing seasons.
Attempts to move the NFL back to Los Angeles
Within months of the moves of the Rams and Raiders, several NFL teams were rumored to be replacements. They included the Cleveland Browns, the Cincinnati Bengals, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and the Seattle Seahawks. However, the Browns moved to become the Baltimore Ravens in 1996 amid major controversy, and a new Browns team occupied a new stadium in 1999. The Bengals, Buccaneers and Seahawks, meanwhile, used L.A.'s vacancy as leverage to convince their cities to help finance new stadiums.
Before the St. Louis Rams, San Diego Chargers, and Oakland Raiders proposed their own stadium plans to move to Los Angeles, at the time, the closest Los Angeles has come to getting a new NFL franchise was the Seattle Seahawks. In March 1996, Seahawks owner Ken Behring moved office equipment and some athletic gear to the elementary school in Anaheim that once held Rams practices, hoping to get approval for a permanent move to Southern California. He also had plans to change the team's name and colors if a move to Los Angeles was successful. Because of an owners' revolt, Behring halted the process and moved the equipment back to Seattle. Eventually, Paul Allen bought the team and kept it in Seattle by building Seahawks Stadium, now known as CenturyLink Field.
1999 NFL expansion
Los Angeles again came close to regaining an NFL team in 1999, when the NFL approved a new franchise, the league's 32nd, for Los Angeles, on the condition that the city and NFL agree on a stadium site and stadium financing. Those agreements were never reached, and on October 6, 1999, the franchise was awarded to a Houston ownership group instead, which formed the Houston Texans.
Using Los Angeles as leverage
During the Rams' 21-year absence from Los Angeles, the market had been used on many different occasions as leverage to finance new stadiums or upgrade existing venues. An excellent example of this was when Indianapolis Colts owner Jim Irsay's airplane appeared at Van Nuys Airport, presumably for meetings with local officials on moving his team to Los Angeles. He eventually signed a deal to build a new venue in Indianapolis and Los Angeles continued to be without representation in the National Football League.
City of Champions Revitalization Initiative; Los Angeles Entertainment Center
On January 31, 2014, both the Los Angeles Times and the St. Louis Post-Dispatch reported that Rams owner Stan Kroenke had purchased approximately 60 acres of land adjacent to the Forum in Inglewood, California. The purchase price was rumored to have been between $90 million and $100 million. Commissioner Roger Goodell represented that Mr. Kroenke informed the league of the purchase. As an NFL owner, any purchase of land in which a potential stadium could be built must be disclosed to the league. Kroenke subsequently announced plans to build an NFL stadium on the site, in connection with the owners of the adjacent 238-acre Hollywood Park site, Stockbridge Capital Group. This development has further fueled rumors that the Rams intend to return its management and football operations to Southern California. The land was initially targeted for a Walmart Supercenter but Walmart could not get the necessary permits to build it. Kroenke is married to Ann Walton Kroenke who is a member of the Walton family and many of Kroenke's real estate deals have involved Walmart properties.
On January 5, 2015, the Los Angeles Times reported that Stan Kroenke and Stockbridge Capital Group are partnering up in developing a new NFL stadium on the Inglewood property owned by Kroenke. The project will include a stadium of 80,000 seats and a performance venue of 6,000 seats while reconfiguring the previously approved Hollywood Park plan for up to 890,000 square feet of retail, 780,000 square feet of office space, 2,500 new residential units, a 300-room hotel and 25 acres of public parks, playgrounds, open space and pedestrian and bicycle access. The stadium would likely be ready by 2018. In lieu of this, St. Louis countered with a stadium plan for the north riverfront area of downtown, with the hope of keeping the Rams in the city. On February 24, 2015, the Inglewood City Council approved the stadium plan and the initiative with construction on the stadium planned to begin in December 2015. On December 21, 2015, Construction was officially underway for the stadium on the Hollywood Park site.
Stadium issues in St. Louis
The Rams and the St. Louis CVC began negotiating deals to get the Rams home stadium, the Edward Jones Dome into the top 25 percent of stadiums in the league (i.e., top eight teams of the 32 NFL teams in reference to luxury boxes, amenities and overall fan experience). Under the terms of the lease agreement, the St. Louis CVC was required to make modifications to the Edward Jones Dome in 2005. However, then-owner, Georgia Frontiere, waived the provision in exchange for cash that served as a penalty for the city's noncompliance. The city of St. Louis, in subsequent years, made changes to the scoreboard and increased the natural lighting by replacing panels with windows, although the overall feel remains dark. The minor renovations which totaled about $70 million did not bring the stadium within the specifications required under the lease agreement; thus, keeping the Dome in a state of uncertainty.
On February 1, 2013, an Arbitrator (3 panel) selected to preside over the arbitration process found that the Edward Jones Dome was not in the top 25 percent of all NFL venues as required under the terms of the lease agreement between the Rams and the CVC. The Arbitrator (three panel) further found that the estimated $700 million in proposed renovations by the Rams was not unreasonable given the terms of the lease agreement. Finally, the city of St. Louis was ordered to pay the Rams attorneys' fees which totaled a reported $2 million.
Publicly, city, county and state officials have expressed no interest in providing further funding to the Edward Jones Dome in light of those entities, as well as taxpayers, continuing to owe approximately $300 million more on that facility. As such, if a resolution is not reached by the end of the 2014 NFL season and the city of St. Louis remains non-compliant in its obligations under the lease agreement, the Rams would be free to nullify their lease and go to a year-to-year lease. Months later, the Rams scheduled to play in London, which violates the Edward Jones Dome's terms of lease.
Filing for relocation; Houston meetings
On January 4, 2016, the St. Louis Rams filed for relocation to move to the Los Angeles area for the 2016 NFL season. They are among the three teams (the Rams, Oakland Raiders, and the San Diego Chargers) that filed for relocation to Los Angeles. All three franchises have previously played in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Weeks later, the NFL owners gathered in Houston for a meeting on January 11 and January 12, a meeting that decided the end of the Los Angeles race. A few days before the scheduled owners meeting, Dallas Cowboys owner Jerry Jones suggested that the Rams and Chargers should share Stan Kroenke's City of Champions Stadium. This suggestion was taken as a possible option discussed in the Houston meetings. During the Los Angeles meeting, the Committee on Los Angeles Opportunities, which consists of six NFL owners, favored the Carson project over the Rams' Inglewood project. Despite this, thanks to Jerry Jones' pitch, the first round of voting during the meeting, the Rams got the greater amount of votes, conquering the Carson project 21–11. However, the Rams did not meet the required 24 votes in the second round of voting the Rams Inglewood project received 20 votes while the Chargers and Raiders Carson project received only 12 votes. After hours of searching to find a compromise, it was determined that the Rams will relocate to Los Angeles and the Chargers will have the option to join them, while the Raiders have the option to join the Rams if the Chargers elected not to move.
2016–present: New era begins
Until the City of Champions Stadium has finished construction and is ready for use, the Rams will play their home games at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, which had been home to the team for 33 seasons (1946–1979), and is currently the home of the USC Trojans college football team.
The Rams move to Los Angeles is also being used to help expand the league's presence around the globe. In 2016, the Rams faced the New York Giants in London at Twickenham Stadium, as part of the NFL's International Series. The Rams are also expected to play a game in China in time for the 2018 NFL season. Kevin Demoff, the team's Executive Vice President of Football Operations/Chief Operating Officer, told the The Guardian that he sees L.A. as a gateway to Asia and says being in L.A. will help sell the brand, more so, than in St. Louis.
On April 13, 2016, the Los Angeles Rams traded their 2016 first-round pick, two second-round picks, a third-round pick, and their 2017 first-round and third-round picks to the Tennessee Titans in exchange for the number one pick, alongside their fourth-round pick and a sixth-round pick. The Rams waited until after Lakers guard Kobe Bryant's last game before announcing the trade.
On April 28, 2016, the Rams selected quarterback Jared Goff in the 1st round with the 1st overall pick, tight end Tyler Higbee and wide receiver Pharoh Cooper in the 4th round with the 110th and 117th picks, tight end Temarrick Hemingway, linebacker Josh Forrest, and wide receiver Michael Thomas in the 6th round with the 190th, 193th, and 206th picks.
The Rams played their first home game on September 18, 2016, defeating the Seattle Seahawks 9-3
List of seasons
|Season||Team||League||Conference||Division||Regular Season||Attendance||Postseason Results||Awards|
|Finish||Wins||Losses||Ties||Rams Average||NFL Average|
|Los Angeles Rams (1946–1994)|
|1949||1949||NFL||West||1st||8||2||2||44,043 (1/10)||24,798||Lost NFL Championship (Eagles) 14–0|
|1950||1950||NFL||National||1st||9||3||0||26,341 (6/13)||27,070||Won National Conference Playoff (Bears) 24–20
Lost NFL Championship (Browns) 30–28
|1951||1951||NFL||National||1st||8||4||0||44,196 (1/12)||28,741||Won NFL Championship (2) (Browns) 24–17|
|1952||1952||NFL||National||2nd||9||3||0||53,157 (1/12)||31,278||Lost National Conference Playoff (Lions) 31–21||Hamp Pool (COY)|
|1955||1955||NFL||Western||1st||8||3||1||66,159 (1/12)||37,796||Lost NFL Championship (Browns) 38–14|
|1967||1967||NFL||Western||Coastal||1st||11||1||2||60,000 (6/25)||48,606||Lost Conference Playoff Game (Packers) 28–7||George Allen (COY)|
Deacon Jones (DPOY)
|1968||1968||NFL||Western||Coastal||2nd||10||3||1||65,127 (4/26)||48,777||Deacon Jones (DPOY)|
|1969||1969||NFL||Western||Coastal||1st||11||3||0||71,242 (3/26)||51,053||Lost Conference Playoff Game (Vikings) 23–20||Roman Gabriel (MVP)/(Rams MVP)|
|1970||1970||NFL||NFC||West||2nd||9||4||1||71,242 (2/26)||54,375||Merlin Olsen (Rams MVP)|
|1971||1971||NFL||NFC||West||2nd||8||5||1||72,453 (3/26)||56,935||Isiah Robertson (DROY)|
Marlin McKeever (Rams MVP)
|1972||1972||NFL||NFC||West||3rd||6||7||1||72,461 (4/26)||58,416||Merlin Olsen (Rams MVP)|
|1973||1973||NFL||NFC||West||1st||12||2||0||74,168 (2/26)||55,339||Lost Divisional Playoffs (Cowboys) 27–16||Chuck Knox (COY)|
John Hadl (NFC)/(Rams MVP)
|1974||1974||NFL||NFC||West||1st||10||4||0||75,492 (2/26)||52,098||Won Divisional Playoffs (Redskins) 19–10
Lost Conference Championship (Vikings) 14–10
|Lawrence McCutcheon (Rams MVP)|
|1975||1975||NFL||NFC||West||1st||12||2||0||65,284 (4/26)||52,754||Won Divisional Playoffs (Cardinals) 35–23
Lost Conference Championship (Cowboys) 37–7
|Jack Youngblood (DPOY)/(Rams MVP)|
|1976||1976||NFL||NFC||West||1st||10||3||1||63,141 (4/26)||53,983||Won Divisional Playoffs (Cowboys) 14–12
Lost Conference Championship (Vikings) 24–13
|Jack Youngblood (Rams MVP)|
|1977||1977||NFL||NFC||West||1st||10||4||0||53,585 (10/28)||52,711||Lost Divisional Playoffs (Vikings) 14–7||Lawrence McCutcheon (Rams MVP)|
|1978||1978||NFL||NFC||West||1st||12||4||0||53,388 (14/28)||53,983||Won Divisional Playoffs (Vikings) 34–10
Lost Conference Championship (Cowboys) 28–0
|Jim Youngblood (Rams MVP)|
|1979||1979||NFL||NFC||West||1st||9||7||0||52,970 (17/28)||55,960||Won Divisional Playoffs (Cowboys) 21–19
Won Conference Championship (Buccaneers) 9–0
Lost Super Bowl XIV (Steelers) 31–19
|Jack Youngblood (Rams MVP)|
Kent Hill (Rams ROY)
|1980||1980||NFL||NFC||West||2nd||11||5||0||62,550 (8/28)||56,667||Lost Wild Card Playoffs (Cowboys) 34–17||Vince Ferragamo (Rams MVP)|
Johnnie Johnson (Rams ROY)
|1981||1981||NFL||NFC||West||3rd||6||10||0||60,503 (11/28)||57,665||Nolan Cromwell (Rams MVP)|
Jairo Penaranda (Rams ROY)
|1982||1982||NFL||NFC||14th||2||7||0||51,690 (16/28)||52,527||Vince Ferragamo (Rams MVP)|
Barry Redden (Rams ROY)
|1983||1983||NFL||NFC||West||2nd||9||7||0||52,780 (15/28)||54,364||Won Wild Card Playoffs (Cowboys) 24–17
Lost Divisional Playoffs (Redskins) 51–7
|Eric Dickerson (OROY)/NFC/Rams MVP/Rams ROY|
|1984||1984||NFL||NFC||West||2nd||10||6||0||54,455 (17/28)||55,528||Lost Wild Card Playoffs (Giants) 16–13||Eric Dickerson (NFC)/(Rams MVP)|
Ron Brown (Rams ROY)
|1985||1985||NFL||NFC||West||1st||11||5||0||56,242 (15/28)||55,408||Won Divisional Playoffs (Cowboys) 20–0
Lost Conference Championship (Bears) 24–0
|LeRoy Irvin (Rams MVP)|
Dale Hatcher (Rams ROY)
|1986||1986||NFL||NFC||West||2nd||10||6||0||59,285 (10/28)||56,872||Lost Wild Card Playoffs (Redskins) 19–7||Eric Dickerson (OPOY)(NFC)/(Rams MVP)|
Jim Everett (Rams ROY)
|1987||1987||NFL||NFC||West||3rd||6||9||0||47,356 (18/28)||48,639||Charles White (Rams MVP)|
Cliff Hicks (Rams ROY)
|1988||1988||NFL||NFC||West||2nd||10||6||0||54,469 (17/28)||56,727||Lost Wild Card Playoffs (Vikings) 28–17||Henry Ellard (Rams MVP)|
Robert Delpino (Rams ROY)
|1989||1989||NFL||NFC||West||2nd||11||5||0||58,846 (11/28)||57,257||Won Wild Card Playoffs (Eagles) 21–7
Won Divisional Playoffs (Giants) 19–13
Lost Conference Championship (49ers) 30–3
|Jim Everett (Rams MVP)|
Darryl Henley (Rams ROY)
|1990||1990||NFL||NFC||West||3rd||5||11||0||59,920 (12/28)||59,665||Buford McGee (Rams MVP)|
Bern Brostek (Rams ROY)
|1991||1991||NFL||NFC||West||4th||3||13||0||51,586 (22/28)||58,926||Robert Delpino (Rams MVP)|
Todd Lyght (Rams ROY)
|1992||1992||NFL||NFC||West||4th||6||10||0||47,811 (25/28)||58,734||Jackie Slater (Rams MVP)|
Sean Gilbert(Rams ROY)
|1993||1993||NFL||NFC||West||4th||5||11||0||45,401 (25/28)||59,352||Jerome Bettis (OROY)(Rams MVP)/(Rams ROY)|
|1994||1994||NFL||NFC||West||4th||4||12||0||43,312 (28/28)||60,107||Shane Conlan (Rams MVP)|
Isaac Bruce (Rams ROY)
|St. Louis Rams (1995–2015)|
|Los Angeles Rams (2016–present)|
11 Division titles
4 Conference Titles
1 NFL Title (1951)
|376||317||18||(regular season and playoffs)|
* Between 1946 and 1994, the Los Angeles Rams Played a total of 679 Regular Season Games and 32 Playoff Games (711 Games)
Pro Football Hall of Famers
Former Los Angeles Rams in the Pro Football Hall of Fame include Jerome Bettis (36), Joe Namath (12), Ollie Matson (33), Andy Robustelli (84), Dick "Night Train" Lane (81), and general manager Tex Schramm. GM and later NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle and coach Sid Gillman are also members of the Hall of Fame, but were elected on the basis of their performances with other teams or (in the case of Rozelle) NFL administration.
|Los Angeles Rams Hall of Famers|
|40||Elroy "Crazy Legs" Hirsch||1968||RB, WR||1949–1957|
|67, 48||Les Richter||2011||LB, K||1954–1962|
|25||Norm Van Brocklin||1971||QB, P||1949–1957|
|7||Bob Waterfield||1965||QB, DB, K, P||1946–1952|
|91||Kevin Greene||2016||LB, DE||1985–1992|
Numbers that have been retired by the Rams. This list includes players who have played most of their career in Los Angeles Only.
|Los Angeles Rams retired numbers|
- – Bob Waterfield played his first season in Cleveland
- – Jackie Slater played his last season in St. Louis
Radio and television
The Rams were the first NFL team to televise their home games; in a sponsorship arrangement with Admiral television, all home games of the 1950 NFL season were shown locally. The Rams also televised games in the early 1950s. The 1951 NFL Championship Game was the first championship game televised coast-to-coast (via the DuMont Network). During the team's years in Los Angeles all games were broadcast on KMPC radio (710 AM); play-by-play announcers were Bob Kelley (who accompanied the team from Cleveland and worked until his death in 1966), Dick Enberg (1966–77), Al Wisk (1978–79), Bob Starr (1980–89, 1993), Eddie Doucette (1990), Paul Olden (1991–92), and Steve Physioc (1994). Analysts included Gil Stratton, Steve Bailey, Dave Niehaus (1968–72), Don Drysdale (1973–76), Dick Bass (1977–86), Jack Youngblood (1987–91), Jack Snow (1992–94), and Deacon Jones (1994).
In popular culture
- In the 1978 film Heaven Can Wait, Joe Pendleton (Warren Beatty), a fictional quarterback for the Los Angeles Rams, is looking forward to leading his team to the Super Bowl.
- "Rams unveil new logo during L.A. news conference". NFL.com. National Football League. January 15, 2016. Retrieved June 26, 2016.
- MacCambridge, 2005, pp. 15–16.
- Littlewood, 1990, p. 160.
- Lyons, 2010, p. 118.
- Yost, 2006, p. 57–58.
- Davis writes Halas engineered the approval of the Rams move to Los Angeles, Davis, 2005, p. 201–202.
- Lyons, 2010, p. 117–118.
- "Ebony Magazine May 1969". Ebony Magazine. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
- MacCambridge, 2005, p. 19.
- Levy, 2003, p. 92–93.
- Davis, 2005, p. 202.
- Strode, 1990, p. 140.
- Coenen, 2005, p. 123.
- MacCambridge writes he was signed on May 4, 1946. MacCambridge, 2005, p. 19.
- Ross, 1999, p. 82.
- Rathet, 1984, p. 210.
- James P. Quirk and Rodney D. Fort, Pay Dirt: The Business of Professional Team Sports, p. 438, ISBN 0-691-01574-0
- "Fun Facts". St. Louis Rams. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
- Dwyre, Bill (November 30, 2009). "Barron Hilton's Chargers turned short stay into long-term success". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
- Plaschke, Bill (January 6, 2015). "Whether Rams return or not, they're still family". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
- "RAMS STATISTICS-ATTENDANCE". Bring Back the Los Angeles Rams. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
- George, Thomas (March 16, 1995). "PRO FOOTBALL; N.F.L. Owners Reject Rams' Bid to Move To St. Louis". The New York Times. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
- T.J. Simers; Bill Plaschke (March 16, 1995). "League Owners Reject Rams' Move to St. Louis". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
- Simers, T.J. (April 13, 1995). "NFL Owners OK Rams' Move to St. Louis". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
- Nightengale, Bob – Without Disney, Angels could become X-rated. (sale of California Angels to Walt Disney Co in jeopardy). Sporting News, March 25, 1996
- "Texans Team History". Houston Texans. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
- Fenno, Nathan; Farmer, Sam (January 7, 2015). "NFL teams often use L.A. to get better deals to stay where they are". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- Farmer, Sam; Vincent, Roger (5 January 2015). "Owner of St. Louis Rams plans to build NFL stadium in Inglewood". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- Wagoner, Nick (February 1, 2014). "Stan Kroenke buys 60 acres in L.A.". ESPN. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
- Piper, Brandie (January 31, 2014). "Report: Rams owner bought 60 acres of land in California". KSDK. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
- Farmer, Sam (January 30, 2014). "A return of L.A. Rams? Owner is said to buy possible stadium site". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
- Wickersham, Seth; Van Natta Jr., Don (February 11, 2016). "The Wow Factor: The Real Story of the NFL Owners Battle To Bring Football Back To Los Angeles". ESPN The Magazine. ESPN. Retrieved June 26, 2016.
- Hanzus, Dan (January 12, 2016). "Rams to relocate to L.A.; Chargers first option to join". NFL.com. National Football League. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- "Rams to Return to Los Angeles". St. Louis Rams. January 12, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- "Rams headed back to Los Angeles; Chargers have option to join". ESPN. Associated Press. January 12, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- "Rams to Play First Ever NFL Game at Twickenham Stadium". St. Louis Rams. November 25, 2015. Retrieved June 26, 2016.
- Partra, Kevin. "Los Angeles Rams expected to play in China in 2018". NFL.com. National Football League.
- Carpenter, Les (April 8, 2016). "Could the LA Rams become the NFL's first truly global team?". Guardian. Retrieved June 26, 2016.
We don’t want to play games in just London; we want to explore the Asian opportunity", Demoff said. "We want to grow the brand internationally. I think there's an opportunity to grow the Rams brand and I think the league wants to grow their brand in that market.
- Orr, Conor (April 14, 2016). "L.A. Rams trade up to acquire No. 1 pick from Titans". National Football League. Retrieved June 26, 2016.
- Klein, Gary (September 18, 2016). "It wasn't pretty but Rams win home opener, 9-3, over Seahawks". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
- Dan Reeves moved the team due to poor attendance at and competing against the Cleveland Browns, the Rams became the first NFL team based on the West Coast.
- 1982 was a strike-shortened season so the league was divided up into two conferences instead of its normal divisional alignment.
- The strike of 1987 reduced the regular season schedule from sixteen to fifteen games.
|History of the National Football League|
|American Football Conference|
|AFC East||AFC North||AFC South||AFC West|
|National Football Conference|
|NFC East||NFC North||NFC South||NFC West|