History of African Americans in Texas
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|Ethnicity in Texas|
African Americans formed a unique ethnic identity in Texas while facing the problems of societal and institutional discrimination as well as colorism for many years. The first person of African heritage to arrive in Texas was Estevanico, who came to Texas in 1528.
Many African Americans in Texas remained in slavery until after the U.S. Civil War ended. There was scarce Union Army activity in Texas, preventing them from joining the Northern lines. Some escaped over the borders to areas where the Union Army was operating. The announcement of emancipation happened to be delayed until June 19, 1865, when officials announced that slavery had been formally abolished. This is celebrated in Texas as "Juneteenth."
There are seven Historically black colleges and universities HBCUs in Texas. Texas Southern University and Prairie View A&M University are the two largest HBCUs and annually produces a significant portion of degreed African American Texans. The schools are also major SWAC sports rivals. In addition to the descendants of the state's former slave population, many African American college graduates have come to the state for work recently in the New Great Migration.
- History of African Americans in Houston
- Demographics of African Americans in Dallas-Ft. Worth
- German Texan
- History of the Mexican-Americans in Texas
- Jewish history in Texas
- Sweatt v. Painter
- J. California Cooper
- Barbara Jordan
- Joe Lockridge
- Judson Robinson
- Ntozake Shange
- "African Americans." Handbook of Texas. Retrieved on December 17, 2011.
- Donahue, Emily and David Brown. "Austin's the Only Fast-Growing City in the Country Losing African-Americans" (Archive). KUT. Moody College of Communication at the University of Texas at Austin, Friday May 16, 2014. Retrieved on May 20, 2014.
- "African Americans." Handbook of Texas.
- Tang, Eric and Chunhui Ren. "Outlier: The Case of Austin's Declining African-American Population" (Archive). University of Texas at Austin. May 8, 2014.