High jump

For other uses, see High jump (disambiguation).
Athletics
High jump

Men's records
World Javier Sotomayor 2.45 m (8 ft 014 in) (1993)
Olympic Charles Austin 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in) (1996)
Women's records
World Stefka Kostadinova 2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in) (1987)
Olympic Yelena Slesarenko 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) (2004)

The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump unaided over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without dislodging it. In its modern most practised format, a bar is placed between two standards with a crash mat for landing. In the modern era, athletes run towards the bar and use the Fosbury Flop method of jumping, leaping head first with their back to the bar. Performed since ancient times, competitors have introduced increasingly more effective techniques to arrive at the current form.

The discipline is, alongside the pole vault, one of two vertical clearance events to feature on the Olympic athletics programme. It is contested at the World Championships in Athletics and IAAF World Indoor Championships, and is a common occurrence at track and field meetings. The high jump was among the first events deemed acceptable for women, having been held at the 1928 Olympic Games.

Javier Sotomayor (Cuba) is the current men's record holder with a jump of 2.45 m (8 ft 014 in) set in 1993 – the longest standing record in the history of the men's high jump. Stefka Kostadinova (Bulgaria) has held the women's world record at 2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in) since 1987, also the longest-held record in the event.

Javier Sotomayor, the only human ever to have cleared 8 feet in high jump

Rules

Canadian high jumper Nicole Forrester demonstrating the Fosbury flop

The rules for the high jump are set internationally by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Jumpers must take off on one foot. A jump is considered a failure if the bar is dislodged by the action of the jumper whilst jumping or the jumper touches the ground or breaks the plane of the near edge of the bar before clearance. The technique one uses for the jump must be almost flawless in order to have a chance of clearing a high bar.

Competitors may begin jumping at any height announced by the chief judge, or may pass, at their own discretion. Three consecutive missed jumps, at any height or combination of heights, will eliminate the jumper from competition.

The victory goes to the jumper who clears the greatest height during the final. If two or more jumpers tie for first place, the tie-breakers are: 1) The fewest misses at the height at which the tie occurred; and 2) The fewest misses throughout the competition.

If the event remains tied for first place (or a limited advancement position to a subsequent meet), the jumpers have a jump-off, beginning at the next greater height. Each jumper has one attempt. The bar is then alternately lowered and raised until only one jumper succeeds at a given height.[1]

History

Konstantinos Tsiklitiras during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics

The first recorded high jump event took place in Scotland in the 19th century. Early jumpers used either an elaborate straight-on approach or a scissors technique. In the later years, the bar was approached diagonally, and the jumper threw first the inside leg and then the other over the bar in a scissoring motion. Around the turn of the 20th century, techniques began to modernise, starting with the Irish-American Michael Sweeney's Eastern cut-off. By taking off like the scissors, but extending his back and flattening out over the bar, Sweeney achieved a more economic clearance and raised the world record to 1.97 m (6 ft 512 in) in 1895.

Another American, George Horine, developed an even more efficient technique, the Western roll. In this style, the bar again is approached on a diagonal, but the inner leg is used for the take-off, while the outer leg is thrust up to lead the body sideways over the bar. Horine increased the world standard to 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) in 1912. His technique was predominant through the Berlin Olympics of 1936, in which the event was won by Cornelius Johnson at 2.03 m (6 ft 734 in).

American and Soviet jumpers held the playing field for the next four decades, and they pioneered the evolution of the straddle technique. Straddle jumpers took off as in the Western roll, but rotated their (belly-down) torso around the bar, obtaining the most economical clearance up to that time. Straddle-jumper Charles Dumas was the first to clear 7 feet (2.13 m), in 1956, and American John Thomas pushed the world mark to 2.23 m (7 ft 334 in) in 1960. Valeriy Brumel took over the event for the next four years. The elegant Soviet jumper radically sped up his approach run, took the record up to 2.28 m (7 ft 534 in), and won the Olympic gold medal in 1964, before a motorcycle accident ended his career.

Gold medal winner Ethel Catherwood of Canada scissors over the bar at the 1928 Summer Olympics. Her winning result was 1.59 m (5 ft 212 in).
Platt Adams during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics

American coaches, including two-time NCAA champion Frank Costello of the University of Maryland, flocked to Russia to learn from Brumel and his coaches. However, it would be a solitary innovator at Oregon State University, Dick Fosbury, who would bring the high jump into the next century. Taking advantage of the raised, softer landing areas by then in use, Fosbury added a new twist to the outmoded Eastern Cut-off. He directed himself over the bar head and shoulders first, sliding over on his back and landing in a fashion which would likely have broken his neck in the old, sawdust landing pits. After he used this Fosbury flop to win the 1968 Olympic gold medal, the technique began to spread around the world, and soon floppers were dominating international high jump competitions. The last straddler to set a world record was Vladimir Yashchenko, who cleared 2.33 m (7 ft 712 in) in 1977 and then 2.35 m (7 ft 812 in) indoors in 1978.

Among renowned high jumpers following Fosbury's lead were Americans Dwight Stones and his rival, 1.73 metres (5 ft 8 in) tall Franklin Jacobs of Paterson, NJ, who cleared 2.32 m (7 ft 714 in), 0.59 metres (1 ft 11 in) over his head (a feat equaled 27 years later by Sweden's Stefan Holm); Chinese record-setters Ni-chi Chin and Zhu Jianhua; Germans Gerd Wessig and Dietmar Mögenburg; Swedish Olympic medalist and former world record holder Patrik Sjöberg; and female jumpers Iolanda Balaş of Romania, Ulrike Meyfarth of Germany and Italy's Sara Simeoni.

Technical aspects

The approach

Spanish jumper Ruth Beitia approaching the bar from an angle

The approach of the high jump may actually be more important than the take-off. If a high jumper runs with bad timing or without enough aggression, clearing a high bar becomes more of a challenge. The approach requires a certain shape or curve, the right amount of speed, and the correct number of strides. The approach angle is also critical for optimal height.

Most great straddle jumpers have a run at angles of about 30 to 40 degrees. The length of the run is determined by the speed of the person's approach. A slower run requires about 8 strides. However, a faster high jumper might need about 13 strides. A greater run speed allows a greater part of the body's forward momentum to be converted upward .[2]

The J type approach, favored by Fosbury floppers, allows for horizontal speed, the ability to turn in the air (centripetal force), and good take-off position. The approach should be a hard controlled stride so that a person does not fall from creating an angle with speed. Athletes should run tall and lean on the curve, from the ankles and not the hips.[3]

The take-off

Unlike the classic straddle technique, where the take-off foot is "planted" in the same spot at every height, flop-style jumpers must adjust their take-off as the bar is raised. Their J approach run must be adjusted slightly so that their take-off spot is slightly further out from the bar in order to allow their hips to clear the bar while still maintaining enough momentum to carry their legs across the bar. Jumpers attempting to reach record heights commonly fail when most of their energy is directed into the vertical effort, and they brush the bar off the standards with the backs of their legs as they stall out in mid-air.

An effective approach shape can be derived from physics. For example, the rate of backward spin required as the jumper crosses the bar to facilitate shoulder clearance on the way up and foot clearance on the way down can be determined by computer simulation. This rotation rate can be back-calculated to determine the required angle of lean away from the bar at plant, based on how long the jumper is on the take-off foot. This information, together with the jumper's speed in the curve, can be used to calculate the radius of the curved part of the approach. This is a lot of work and requires measurements of running speed and time of take-off foot on the ground. However, one can work in the opposite direction by assuming an approach radius and watching the resulting backward rotation. This only works if some basic rules are followed in how one executes the approach and take-off.

Drills can be practiced to solidify the approach. One drill is to run in a straight line (the linear part of the approach) and then run two to three circles spiraling into one another. Another is to run or skip a circle of any size, two to three times in a row.[4] It is important to train to leap upwards without first leaning into the bar, allowing the momentum of the J approach to carry the body across the bar.

Winner declaration

In competition the winner is the person who cleared the highest height. In case of a tie, fewer failed attempts at that height are better: i.e., the jumper who makes a height on his or her first attempt is placed ahead of someone who clears the same height on the second or third attempt. If there still is a tie, all the failed attempts at lower heights are added up, and the one with the fewest total misses is declared the winner. If still tied, a playoff is held.[5] Starting height is the next higher height after the overjumped one. If all the competitors clear the height, the bar is raised 2 cm (0.79 in), and if they fail, the bar is lowered 2 cm. That continues until only one competitor succeeds in overjumping that height, and he or she is declared the winner.

Athlete1.91 m1.93 m1.95 m1.97 m1.99 m2.01 mHeightRank
A - - XO XO XO XXX 1.99 1st
B O - O O XXX 1.97 3rd
C O - XO XO X-- XX 1.97 4th
D - XO O XXO XXO XXX 1.99 2nd
E - O - XXX 5th

All-time top 25 athletes

Men (absolute)

Rank Mark Athlete Date Place Ref
1 2.45 m (8 ft 014 in)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB) 27 July 1993 Salamanca
2 2.43 m (7 ft 1112 in)  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT) 5 September 2014 Brussels [10]
3 2.42 m (7 ft 1114 in)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) 30 June 1987 Stockholm
 Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR) 14 June 2014 New York City [11]
 Carlo Thränhardt (FRG) 26 February 1988 Berlin (indoor)
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS) 25 February 2014 Prague (indoor) [12]
7 2.41 m (7 ft 1034 in)  Igor Paklin (URS) 4 September 1985 Kobe
8 2.40 m (7 ft 1014 in)  Rudolf Povarnitsyn (URS) 11 August 1985 Donetsk
 Sorin Matei (ROM) 20 June 1990 Bratislava
 Charles Austin (USA) 7 August 1991 Zürich
 Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS) 5 August 2000 London
 Derek Drouin (CAN) [13] 25 April 2014 Des Moines
 Andriy Protsenko (UKR) 3 July 2014 Lausanne [14]
 Hollis Conway (USA) 10 March 1991 Seville (indoor)
 Stefan Holm (SWE) 6 March 2005 Madrid (indoor)
 Aleksey Dmitrik (RUS) 8 February 2014 Arnstadt (indoor)
17 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in)  Zhu Jianhua (CHN) 10 June 1984 Eberstadt
 Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG) 24 February 1985 Cologne (indoor)
 Ralf Sonn (GER) 1 March 1991 Berlin (indoor)
 Gianmarco Tamberi (ITA) 15 July 2016 Fontvieille [15]
21 2.38 m (7 ft 912 in)  Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS) 6 September 1987 Rome
 Sergey Malchenko (URS) 4 September 1988 Banska Bystrica
 Dragutin Topić (SCG) 1 August 1993 Beograd
 Troy Kemp (BAH) 12 July 1995 Nice
 Artur Partyka (POL) 18 August 1996 Eberstadt
 Jacques Freitag (RSA) 5 March 2005 Oudtshoorn
 Andriy Sokolovskyy (UKR) 8 July 2005 Rome
 Andrey Silnov (RUS) 25 July 2005 London
 Zhang Guowei (CHN) 30 May 2015 Eugene
 Steve Smith (GBR) 4 February 1994 Wuppertal (indoor)
 Wolf-Hendrik Beyer (GER) 10 March 1994 Weinheim (indoor)
 Matt Hemingway (USA) 4 March 2000 Atlanta (indoor)
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS) 15 February 2005 Stockholm (indoor)
 Linus Thornblad (SWE) 25 February 2007 Gothenburg (indoor)

Notes

Below is a list of jumps equal or superior to 2.40m.

Women (absolute)

RankMarkAthleteVenueDate
1 2.09 m (6 ft 1014 in)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) Rome 30 August 1987
2 2.08 m (6 ft 934 in)  Blanka Vlasic (CRO) Zagreb 31 August 2009
 Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE) Arnstadt (indoor) 6 February 2006
4 2.07 m (6 ft 914 in)  Lyudmila Andonova (BUL) Berlin 20 July 1984
 Anna Chicherova (RUS) Cheboksary 22 July 2011
 Heike Henkel (GER) Karlsruhe (indoor) 8 February 1992
7 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in)  Hestrie Cloete (RSA) Paris 31 August 2003
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS) Athens 28 August 2004
 Ariane Friedrich (GER) Berlin 14 June 2009
10 2.05 m (6 ft 812 in)  Tamara Bykova (URS) Kiev 22 June 1984
 Inha Babakova (UKR) Tokyo 15 September 1995
 Tia Hellebaut (BEL) Beijing 23 August 2008
 Chaunté Lowe (USA) Des Moines 26 June 2010
14 2.04 m (6 ft 814 in)  Silvia Costa (CUB) Barcelona 9 September 1989
 Venelina Veneva-Mateeva (BUL) Kalamata 2 June 2002
 Irina Gordeeva (RUS) Eberstadt 19 August 2012
 Brigetta Barrett (USA) Des Moines 22 June 2013
 Alina Astafei (GER) Berlin (indoor) 3 March 1995
 Antonietta Di Martino (ITA) Banská Bystrica (indoor) 9 February 2011
20 2.03 m (6 ft 734 in)  Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG) London 21 August 1983
 Louise Ritter (USA) Austin 8 July 1988
 Tatyana Motkova (RUS) Bratislava 30 May 1995
 Niki Bakoyianni (GRE) Atlanta 3 August 1996
 Svetlana Shkolina (RUS) London 11 August 2012
 Monica Iagar (ROU) Bucharest (indoor) 23 January 1999
 Marina Kuptsova (RUS) Vienna (indoor) 2 March 2002

Olympic medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
 Ellery Clark (USA)  James Connolly (USA) none awarded
 Robert Garrett (USA)
1900 Paris
 Irving Baxter (USA)  Patrick Leahy (GBR)  Lajos Gönczy (HUN)
1904 St. Louis
 Samuel Jones (USA)  Garrett Serviss (USA)  Paul Weinstein (GER)
1908 London
 Harry Porter (USA)  Géo André (FRA)
none awarded
 Con Leahy (GBR)
 István Somodi (HUN)
1912 Stockholm
 Alma Richards (USA)  Hans Liesche (GER)  George Horine (USA)
1920 Antwerp
 Richmond Landon (USA)  Harold Muller (USA)  Bo Ekelund (SWE)
1924 Paris
 Harold Osborn (USA)  Leroy Brown (USA)  Pierre Lewden (FRA)
1928 Amsterdam
 Bob King (USA)  Benjamin Hedges (USA)  Claude Ménard (FRA)
1932 Los Angeles
 Duncan McNaughton (CAN)  Bob Van Osdel (USA)  Simeon Toribio (PHI)
1936 Berlin
 Cornelius Johnson (USA)  Dave Albritton (USA)  Delos Thurber (USA)
1948 London
 John Winter (AUS)  Bjørn Paulson (NOR)  George Stanich (USA)
1952 Helsinki
 Walt Davis (USA)  Ken Wiesner (USA)  José da Conceição (BRA)
1956 Melbourne
 Charles Dumas (USA)  Chilla Porter (AUS)  Igor Kashkarov (URS)
1960 Rome
 Robert Shavlakadze (URS)  Valeriy Brumel (URS)  John Thomas (USA)
1964 Tokyo
 Valeriy Brumel (URS)  John Thomas (USA)  John Rambo (USA)
1968 Mexico City
 Dick Fosbury (USA)  Ed Caruthers (USA)  Valentin Gavrilov (URS)
1972 Munich
 Jüri Tarmak (URS)  Stefan Junge (GDR)  Dwight Stones (USA)
1976 Montreal
 Jacek Wszoła (POL)  Greg Joy (CAN)  Dwight Stones (USA)
1980 Moscow
 Gerd Wessig (GDR)  Jacek Wszoła (POL)  Jörg Freimuth (GDR)
1984 Los Angeles
 Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)  Zhu Jianhua (CHN)
1988 Seoul
 Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)  Hollis Conway (USA)  Rudolf Povarnitsyn (URS)
 Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)
1992 Barcelona
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)  Hollis Conway (USA)
 Tim Forsyth (AUS)
 Artur Partyka (POL)
1996 Atlanta
 Charles Austin (USA)  Artur Partyka (POL)  Steve Smith (GBR)
2000 Sydney
 Sergey Klyugin (RUS)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Abderahmane Hammad (ALG)
2004 Athens
 Stefan Holm (SWE)  Matt Hemingway (USA)  Jaroslav Bába (CZE)
2008 Beijing
 Andrey Silnov (RUS)  Germaine Mason (GBR)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
2012 London
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS)  Erik Kynard (USA)  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)
 Derek Drouin (CAN)
 Robert Grabarz (GBR)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
 Derek Drouin (CAN)  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)  Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR)

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1928 Amsterdam
 Ethel Catherwood (CAN)  Lien Gisolf (NED)  Mildred Wiley (USA)
1932 Los Angeles
 Jean Shiley (USA)  Babe Didrikson (USA)  Eva Dawes (CAN)
1936 Berlin
 Ibolya Csák (HUN)  Dorothy Odam (GBR)  Elfriede Kaun (GER)
1948 London
 Alice Coachman (USA)  Dorothy Tyler (GBR)  Micheline Ostermeyer (FRA)
1952 Helsinki
 Esther Brand (RSA)  Sheile Lerwill (GBR)  Aleksandra Chudina (URS)
1956 Melbourne
 Mildred McDaniel (USA)  Thelma Hopkins (GBR) none awarded
 Mariya Pisareva (URS)
1960 Rome
 Iolanda Balaş (ROU)  Jarosława Jóźwiakowska (POL) none awarded
 Dorothy Shirley (GBR)
1964 Tokyo
 Iolanda Balaş (ROU)  Michele Brown (AUS)  Taisia Chenchik (URS)
1968 Mexico City
 Miloslava Rezková (TCH)  Antonina Okorokova (URS)  Valentina Kozyr (URS)
1972 Munich
 Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG)  Yordanka Blagoeva (BUL)  Ilona Gusenbauer (AUT)
1976 Montreal
 Rosemarie Ackermann (GDR)  Sara Simeoni (ITA)  Yordanka Blagoeva (BUL)
1980 Moscow
 Sara Simeoni (ITA)  Urszula Kielan (POL)  Jutta Kirst (GDR)
1984 Los Angeles
 Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG)  Sara Simeoni (ITA)  Joni Huntley (USA)
1988 Seoul
 Louise Ritter (USA)  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Tamara Bykova (URS)
1992 Barcelona
 Heike Henkel (GER)  Alina Astafei (ROU)  Ioamnet Quintero (CUB)
1996 Atlanta
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Niki Bakoyianni (GRE)  Inha Babakova (UKR)
2000 Sydney
 Yelena Yelesina (RUS)  Hestrie Cloete (RSA)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
 Oana Pantelimon (ROU)
2004 Athens
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)  Hestrie Cloete (RSA)  Vita Styopina (UKR)
2008 Beijing
 Tia Hellebaut (BEL)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
2012 London
 Anna Chicherova (RUS)  Brigetta Barrett (USA)  Svetlana Shkolina (RUS)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
 Ruth Beitia (ESP)  Mirela Demireva (BUL)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)

World Championships medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
 Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)  Tyke Peacock (USA)  Zhu Jianhua (CHN)
1987 Rome
 Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)  Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)
 Igor Paklin (URS)
none awarded
1991 Tokyo
 Charles Austin (USA)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Hollis Conway (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Artur Partyka (POL)  Steve Smith (GBR)
1995 Gothenburg
 Troy Kemp (BAH)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Artur Partyka (POL)
1997 Athens
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Artur Partyka (POL)  Tim Forsyth (AUS)
1999 Seville
 Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)  Mark Boswell (CAN)  Martin Buß (GER)
2001 Edmonton
 Martin Buß (GER)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
 Vyacheslav Voronin (RUS)
none awarded
2003 Saint-Denis
 Jacques Freitag (RSA)  Stefan Holm (SWE)  Mark Boswell (CAN)
2005 Helsinki
 Yuriy Krymarenko (UKR)  Víctor Moya (CUB)
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)
none awarded
2007 Osaka
 Donald Thomas (BAH)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Kyriakos Ioannou (CYP)
2009 Berlin
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Kyriakos Ioannou (CYP)  Sylwester Bednarek (POL)
 Raúl Spank (GER)
2011 Daegu
 Jesse Williams (USA)  Aleksey Dmitrik (RUS)  Trevor Barry (BAH)
2013 Moscow
 Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR)  Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)  Derek Drouin (CAN)
2015 Beijing
 Derek Drouin (CAN)  Zhang Guowei (CHN)
 Bohdan Bondarenko (UKR)
none awarded

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
 Tamara Bykova (URS)  Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG)  Louise Ritter (USA)
1987 Rome
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Tamara Bykova (URS)  Susanne Beyer (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
 Heike Henkel (GER)  Yelena Yelesina (URS)  Inha Babakova (URS)
1993 Stuttgart
 Ioamnet Quintero (CUB)  Silvia Costa (CUB)  Sigrid Kirchmann (AUT)
1995 Gothenburg
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Alina Astafei (GER)  Inha Babakova (UKR)
1997 Athens
 Hanne Haugland (NOR)  Inha Babakova (UKR)
 Olga Kaliturina (RUS)
none awarded
1999 Seville
 Inha Babakova (UKR)  Yelena Yelesina (RUS)  Svetlana Lapina (RUS)
2001 Edmonton
 Hestrie Cloete (RSA)  Inha Babakova (UKR)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
2003 Saint-Denis
 Hestrie Cloete (RSA)  Marina Kuptsova (RUS)  Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)
2005 Helsinki
 Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)  Chaunte Howard (USA)  Emma Green (SWE)
2007 Osaka
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
 Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
none awarded
2009 Berlin
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)  Ariane Friedrich (GER)
2011 Daegu
 Anna Chicherova (RUS)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
2013 Moscow
 Svetlana Shkolina (RUS)  Brigetta Barrett (USA)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
 Ruth Beitia (ESP)
2015 Beijing
 Maria Kuchina (RUS)  Blanka Vlasic (CRO)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)

World Indoor Championships medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Othmane Belfaa (ALG)
1987 Indianapolis
 Igor Paklin (URS)  Hennadiy Avdyeyenko (URS)  Ján Zvara (TCH)
1989 Budapest
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)
1991 Seville
 Hollis Conway (USA)  Artur Partyka (POL)  Javier Sotomayor (CUB)
 Aleksey Yemelin (URS)
1993 Toronto
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Patrik Sjöberg (SWE)  Steve Smith (GBR)
1995 Barcelona
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB)  Labros Papakostas (GRE)  Tony Barton (USA)
1997 Paris
 Charles Austin (USA)  Labros Papakostas (GRE)  Dragutin Topić (FRY)
1999 Maebashi
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB) [[Vyacheslav Voronin]|RUS}}  Charles Austin (USA)
2001 Lisbon
 Stefan Holm (SWE)  Andriy Sokolovskyy (UKR)  Staffan Strand (SWE)
2003 Birmingham
 Stefan Holm (SWE)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Henadz Maroz (BLR)
2004 Budapest
 Stefan Holm (SWE)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Ștefan Vasilache (ROU)
 Germaine Mason (JAM)
 Jaroslav Bába (CZE)
2006 Moscow
 Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Andrey Tereshin (RUS)  Linus Thörnblad (SWE)
2008 Valencia
 Stefan Holm (SWE)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Andra Manson (USA)
2010 Doha
 Ivan Ukhov (RUS)  Yaroslav Rybakov (RUS)  Dusty Jonas (USA)
2012 Istanbul
 Dimitrios Chondrokoukis (GRE)  Andrey Silnov (RUS)  Ivan Ukhov (RUS)
2014 Sopot
 Mutaz Essa Barshim (QAT)  Ivan Ukhov (RUS)  Andriy Protsenko (UKR)
2016 Portland
 Gianmarco Tamberi (ITA)  Robert Grabarz (GBR)  Erik Kynard (USA)

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]  Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Susanne Lorentzon (SWE)  Debbie Brill (CAN)
 Danuta Bułkowska (POL)
 Silvia Costa (CUB)
1987 Indianapolis
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Susanne Beyer (GDR)  Emilia Dragieva (BUL)
1989 Budapest
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Tamara Bykova (URS)  Heike Redetzky (FRG)
1991 Seville
 Heike Henkel (GER)  Tamara Bykova (URS)  Heike Balck (GER)
1993 Toronto
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Heike Henkel (GER)  Inha Babakova (UKR)
1995 Barcelona
 Alina Astafei (GER)  Britta Bilač (SLO)  Heike Henkel (GER)
1997 Paris
 Stefka Kostadinova (BUL)  Inha Babakova (UKR)  Hanne Haugland (NOR)
1999 Maebashi
 Khristina Kalcheva (BUL)  Zuzana Hlavoňová (CZE)  Tisha Waller (USA)
2001 Lisbon
 Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)  Inha Babakova (UKR)  Venelina Veneva (BUL)
2003 Birmingham
 Kajsa Bergqvist (SWE)  Yelena Yelesina (RUS)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)
2004 Budapest
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)  Anna Chicherova (RUS)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)
2006 Moscow
 Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)  Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Ruth Beitia (ESP)
2008 Valencia
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Yelena Slesarenko (RUS)  Vita Palamar (UKR)
2010 Doha
 Blanka Vlašić (CRO)  Ruth Beitia (ESP)  Chaunté Lowe (USA)
2012 Istanbul
 Chaunté Lowe (USA)  Antonietta Di Martino (ITA)
 Anna Chicherova (RUS)
 Ebba Jungmark (SWE)
none awarded
2014 Sopot
 Mariya Kuchina (RUS)
 Kamila Lićwinko (POL)
none awarded  Ruth Beitia (ESP)
2016 Portland
 Vashti Cunningham (USA)  Ruth Beitia (ESP)  Kamila Lićwinko (POL)

Athletes with most medals

Athletes who have won multiple titles at the two most important competitions, the Olympic Games and the World Championships:

Kostadinova and Sotomayor are the only high jumpers to have been Olympic Champion, World Champion and broken the world record.

Men

Athlete Olympic Games World Championships World Indoor Championships Continental Championships Continental Indoor Championships Universiade Regional Games
Mediterranean
Pan American
Asian
Total
 Javier Sotomayor (CUB) 110220 410201 ---100 3001341
 Dietmar Mögenburg (FRG) 100000 010100 521000 ---731
 Stefan Holm (SWE) 100010 400011 210000 ---721
 Patrik Sjöberg (SWE) 021100 111000 400000 ---632
 Lee Jin-Taek (KOR) 000000 000310 ---101 200611
 Igor Paklin (URS) 000010 100100 000200 ---410
 Valeriy Brumel (URS) 110--- ---100 000200 ---410
 Zhu Jianhua (CHN) 001001 000200 ---000 200402