Hidayat Orujov

Hidayat Orujov
Hidayət Orucov
Chairman of State Committee for Work with Religious Organizations of Azerbaijan Republic
In office
June 27, 2006  May 31, 2012
President Ilham Aliyev
Preceded by Rafig Aliyev
Succeeded by Elshad Iskandarov
Personal details
Born (1944-09-05) September 5, 1944
Maralzami, Syunik Region, Armenia
Religion Islam

Hidayat Khudush oglu Orujov (Azerbaijani: Hidayət Orucov Xuduş oğlu; born September 5, 1944) is a notable writer and an Azerbaijani politician serving as the Chairman of State Committee for Work with Religious Organizations of Azerbaijan Republic.

During the Karabakh movement and days leading up to the Sumgait pogrom of Armenians, Orujov threatened the Armenian population of Sumgait to "break into your houses, torch your apartments, rape your women, and kill your children".[1][2]

Early life

Orujov was born on September 5, 1944 in Maralzami village of Syunik Region, Armenia. He graduated from Philology department of Azerbaijan State University. After graduation, he worked as a teacher in his village and for Soviet Armenia newspaper for a brief period of time, and in July 1968 he was appointed the Director of Jaffar Jabbarli Iravan State Azerbaijan Drama Theater where he worked for 6 years. As a writer he was known under alias Hidayet. Orujov also headed the Azerbaijani literature Council of the Writers Union of Armenia and taught Azerbaijani Literature of 19th-20th centuries at Armenian State Pedagogical University. He's creditted for publishing numerous books on Azerbaijani and Oghuz literature in Yerevan.[3] Orujov has translated numerous books by Armenian authors such as H.Paronyan, V.Petrosyan, K.Sarkisyan, K.Arshakyan from Armenian into Azerbaijani and Russian.[4] In March 1984, he moved to Baku and was hired as the Assistant Editor of Gənclik (Youth) Publishing House and in March 1986, he was appointed the Chief Editor of the publishing house, a position which he held until 1992. While an editor, he substantially expanded the library of books on Azerbaijan in international markets. A fifteen volume Azerbaijani folklore, twenty five volume Adventures and Mystics, seventeen volume Literature of nations of USSR were published under Orujov's leadership. Orujov has also been board member of Azerbaijani Writer's Union and Literature newspaper.[3]

Political career

In the early stages of the Karabakh movement leading up to the Nagorno-Karabakh War and days before the Sumgait pogrom, Hidayat Orujov, a leader of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan, warned Armenians in Sumgait: "If you do not stop campaigning for the unification of Nagorno Karabakh with Armenia, if you don't sober up, 100,000 Azeris from neighboring districts will break into your houses, torch your apartments, rape your women, and kill your children."[1][2]

In 1992-1993, Orujov served as the State Advisor on Interethnic Relations to the President of Azerbaijan. In 1993-2006, he was the State Advisor on National Policies; in 2005-2006, he served as the State Advisor on Ethnic Minorities and Religious Organizations to the President of Azerbaijan.[3] On June 27, 2006 he was appointed the Chairman of State Committee for Work with Religious Organizations of Azerbaijan Republic replacing Dr. Rafig Aliyev.[5] As the chairman of the state committee, he has paid special attention to preventing registrations of religious organizations allegedly being recommended by foreign special services.[6]

Works and Awards

Orujov has been awarded with Honorable Arts Contributor of Armenian SSR award in 1978, Order for Personal Courage in 1970, and was honored with awards from the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR. In 1989, after Armenians laid claims on Karabakh region of Azerbaijan, Orujov renunciated his award from Armenian SSR. Since the independence of Azerbaijan was restored, he has also been awarded with Shohrat Order of Azerbaijan Republic, International Paydulla Iskeyev Literature Award of Chuvash Republic and a number of awards from Georgia and Dagestan.[3]

See also


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