Central German dialects
Hessen (Ger.: Hessisch) is a West Central German group of dialects of the German language in the central German state of Hessen. The dialect most similar to Hessen is Palatinate German (Ger.: Pfälzisch, pronounced [ˈp͡fɛlt͡sɪʃ]) of the Rhine Franconian sub-family. However, the Hessen dialects have some features which set them somewhat apart from other West-Central German dialects.
Hessian can be divided into four main dialects, namely those of:
Northern Hesse (around the city of Kassel),
Eastern Hesse (around Fulda),
Southern Hesse (around Darmstadt).
- Changes to consonants
Consonants are often softened, as outlined by Carsten Keil in his document "A Quick Guide to the Language of Frankfurt". For instance the German "Äpfel" (apples) becomes "Ebbel" in Hessian.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Hessen Middle High German". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- The German Dialects, a practical approach, Wolfgang Näser, retrieved 19 July 2011
- A Quick Guide to the Language of Frankfurt, Carsten Keil, retrieved 19 July 2011
- Hessian dialects (German)