Helix lucorum

Helix lucorum
live specimen of Helix lucorum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra

Superfamily: Helicoidea
Family: Helicidae
Subfamily: Helicinae
Tribe: Helicini
Genus: Helix
Subgenus: Helix
Species: H. lucorum
Binomial name
Helix lucorum
Linnaeus, 1758
  • Helix anaphora Westerlund, 1889
  • Helix annosa Mascarini, 1892
  • Helix atrocincta Bourguignat, 1883
  • Helix candida Mascarini, 1892
  • Helix elongata Bourguignat, 1860
  • Helix nigrozonata Bourguignat, 1883
  • Helix presbensis Kobelt, 1905
  • Helix rypara Bourguignat, 1883
  • Helix straminea Briganti, 1825
  • Helix straminiformis Bourguignat, 1876
  • Helix virago Bourguignat, 1883
  • Helix yleobia Bourguignat, 1883

Helix lucorum is a species of large, edible, air-breathing land snail or escargot, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Helicidae, the typical snails.


The shell of Helix lucorum

Adult snails weight about 20-25 g.[3]

The width of the shell is 35-60.[4] The height of the shell is 25–45 mm.[4]

This species of snail makes and uses love darts.


The native distribution is Eastern mediaterranean and Asia Minor.[5]


The size of the egg is 4.4 mm.[10] 2–3 months old juvenile snails weight 0.5-0.9 g.[3]

Human use

Helix lucorum is used in cuisine as escargots.

Helix lucorum (raw)

Helix lucorum served as escargots
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 95 kcal (400 kJ)
0 g
Sugars 0 g
Dietary fiber 0 g
1.59 g
Saturated 0 g
Trans 0 g
19.05 g
Vitamin A equiv.

0 μg

Vitamin C

0 mg


159 mg


2.29 mg


103 mg

Other constituents
Cholesterol 206 mg

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.


  1. IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 16 April 2009.
  2. http://www.fauna-eu.org/cdm_dataportal/taxon/24610e8f-4bba-40a1-a1c3-6d46ff884803#page-toc cited 3 December 2015
  3. 1 2 Danilova A.B. & Grinkevich L. N. (2012). "Failure of Long-Term Memory Formation in Juvenile Snails Is Determined by Acetylation Status of Histone H3 and Can Be Improved by NaB Treatment". PLoS ONE 7(7): e41828. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041828.
  4. 1 2 3 (Czech) Horsák M., Juřičková L., Beran L., Čejka T. & Dvořák L. (2010). "Komentovaný seznam měkkýšů zjištěných ve volné přírodě České a Slovenské republiky. [Annotated list of mollusc species recorded outdoors in the Czech and Slovak Republics]". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca, Suppl. 1: 1-37. PDF.
  5. 1 2 Peltanová A., Petrusek A., Kment P. & Juřičková L. (2011). "A fast snail's pace: colonization of Central Europe by Mediterranean gastropods". Biological Invasions 14(4): 759-764. doi:10.1007/s10530-011-0121-9.
  6. Mumladze L. (2013). "Shell size differences in Helix lucorum Linnaeus, 1758 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) between natural and urban environments". Turkish Journal of Zoology 37: 1-6.
  7. Balashov I. & Gural-Sverlova N. (2012). "An annotated checklist of the terrestrial molluscs of Ukraine". Journal of Conchology 41(1): 91-109.
  8. Čejka T. & Čačaný J. (2014). "The first record of the Turkish snail (Helix lucorum L., 1758) in the Slovak Republic". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 13: 124–125. PDF.
  9. Commonwealth of Australia (2002 April). "Citrus Imports from the Arab Republic of Egypt. A Review Under Existing Import Conditions for Citrus from Israel". Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Australia. Caption: Gastropods, page 12 and Appendix 2.
  10. Heller J.: Life History Strategies. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited page: 428.
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