Hayes (surname)

This article is about the surname Hayes. For other uses, see Hayes (disambiguation).
Family name

Region of origin Ireland, England, Scotland
Language(s) of origin English
Related names Hay, Haye, Hays, Heas, Heyes, Highes, O'Hea, Hease, Heyes, Heise, Hughes
Footnotes: [1]

Hayes is an English language surname. In the United States Census, 1990, Hayes was the 100th most common surname recorded.[2] The oldest record of the surname dates to 1197 in the Eynsham Cartulary of Oxfordshire, where it appears on the form Heise.[3][4][5] There are nineteen coats of arms assumed by or granted to individuals with this or a similar surname.[3] Though primarily a surname, "Hayes" sometimes appears as a given name in census records.[6]


In Ireland, Hayes originated as a Gaelic polygenetic surname "O hAodha", meaning descendant of Aodh ("fire"), or of Aed, an Irish mythological god. Septs in most counties anglicised "O hAodha" to "Hayes". In County Cork, it became "O'Hea". In County Ulster, it became "Hughes", the patronymic of Hugh, an anglicized variant of the given name Aodh. Hayes is noted on a public record in County Wexford as early as 1182. In County Cork, under the Munster providence, Hayes falls under the banner of the McNamara clan in the Dalcassian Sept. Other Irish Hayeses have also been associated with Clan Cian, the ruling O'Carroll clan of southern Ireland.[7][8][9]

In England, Hayes arose as a locational surname, associated with one of the several places named "Hayes", such as locations in Kent, Middlesex, Devon and Dorset. Such place names had two origins, one based on the Old English haes (brushwood, underwood) and the other based on horg (enclosure) or hege (hedge).[3] The distribution of Hayes in Great Britain in 1881 and 1998 is similar and restricted to areas of England well separated from Scotland and showing some penetration into Wales.[6] This surname has gained in popularity in the century between 1881 and 1998, but remains at a rank of <150 and a frequency lower than that in the United States and some other countries of the Commonwealth.[6]

In Scotland, Hayes is a Scoto-Norman surname, a direct translation of the Normans' locational surname "de la Haye", meaning "of La Haye", La Haye ("the hedge") being the name of several towns on the Cotentin peninsula of Normandy, France. The first Norman namebearer to arrive in Scotland was William II de la Haye in the time of the Norman invasion. Clan Hay descends from him.[7]

Hayes also can derive from the Yiddish name Khaye, meaning "life".[10][11]

Notable Hayeses

Listed here are people who share the 'Hayes' surname, organized by birth year, to assist in assembling a view of the geographic distribution of this surname over time.

Born after 1600
Wiebbe Hayes c. 1608 unknown Dutch  Colonial soldier of the Dutch East India Company and a decorated national hero.
Nathaniel Haies 1634 1706 Founding settler of Norwalk, Connecticut.
Catherine Hayes 1690 1726 English murderer.
Born after 1700
Philip Hayes (composer) 1738 1797 British  composer, organist, singer and conductor
John Hayes (explorer) 1768 1831 British  Explorer for the British East India Company
Born after 1800
Catherine Hayes 1818 1861 Irish  First internationally acclaimed Irish-born opera diva; highest paid singer of her time
Rutherford B. Hayes[12] 1822 1893 American  Nineteenth President of the United States
Bully Hayes c.1829 c.1877 American  South Sea pirate
Lucy Webb Hayes[12][13] 1831 1889 American  First Lady to President Rutherford B. Hayes
Isaac Israel Hayes 1832 1881 American  Arctic explorer and physician
Thomas Hayes (19th century) before 1849 1868 Irish-American  Land owner in San Francisco area; made key contributions to the development of the San Francisco rail system
Patrick Joseph Hayes 1867 1938 American  Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church; eighth Bishop (fifth Archbishop) of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York; first papal military vicar for the United States
John Hayes (Australian politician) 1868 1956 Australian  Thirty-first Premier of Tasmania; eighth President of the Australian Senate
Frank Hayes (actor) 1871 1923 American  Silent film actor
Ernie Hayes 1876 1953 English  Professional cricketer; Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)
Vince Hayes 1879 after 1910 English  Professional football (soccer) player
Stephen Hayes (hurler) before 1880 (unknown) Irish  Professional hurler
Frank Hayes (unionist) 1882 1948 American  President of the United Mine Workers of America; lieutenant governor of Colorado
J. Milton Hayes 1884 1940 English  Actor and poet; known for his dramatic monologues
Ralph Leo Hayes 1884 1970 American  Catholic bishop of Helena, Montana and Davenport, Iowa: Rector of the Pontifical North American College in Rome, Italy
George 'Gabby' Hayes 1885 1969 American  Television and film actor; recipient of a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame; inductee into the Western Performers Hall of Fame
Johnny Hayes 1886 1965 American  Olympic Gold medalist in the marathon race  Second generation Irish-American
Michael Hayes (politician) 1889 1976 Irish  National politician
Seán Hayes (Tipperary politician) 1890 1968 Irish  National politician
Eric Hayes 1896 1951 British  soldier
Born after 1900
Helen Hayes 1900 1993 American  Actress; winner of Oscar, Tony, Emmy and Grammy awards
John Daniel Hayes 1902 1991 American  Rear admiral in the United States Navy; naval historian and teacher of naval history
Richard J. Hayes 1902 1976 Irish   WWII code breaker, & Director of National Library of Ireland
Saul Hayes 1906 1980 Canadian  Executive director and executive vice-president of the Canadian Jewish Cnogress
Clancy Hayes 1908 1972 American  Jazz singer, banjoist, guitarist
Patricia Hayes 1909 1996 English  Television and film actress; Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
Woody Hayes 1913 1987 American  College football coach; inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame
Bill Hayes (footballer) 1915 1987 Irish  Professional football (soccer) player
Margaret Hayes 1916 1977 American  Actress
John Hayes (harness racer) 1917 1998 Canadian  Professional horse racer; inducted into the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame
Richard Hayes (politician) before 1918 1958 Irish  National politician
Seán Hayes (Cork politician) before 1918 1941 Irish  National politician
John Michael Hayes 1919 (living) American  Screenwriter and Alfred Hitchock collaborator; Edgar Award winner
Wallace D. Hayes c.1919 2001 Chinese-American  Provided fundamental contributions to the understanding of supersonic and hypersonic flight
Stephen Hayes before 1922 (living) Irish  Chief of Staff of the Irish Republican Army
Nevin William Hayes 1922 1988 American  Prelate of the Territorial Prelature of Sicuani (Peru), Auxiliary Bishop of the Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago
Ira Hayes 1923 1955 Pima[14]  Paramarine in the United States Marine Corps; one of five soldiers who appear in the iconic photograph of the raising of the American flag on the island of Iwo Jima during World War II
Colin Hayes[15] 1924 1999 Australian  Champion thoroughbred racehorse trainer; Order of Australia (AM); Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
John B. Hayes 1924 2001 American  Sixteenth Commandant of the United States Coast Guard
Bill Hayes (actor) 1925 (living) American  Television and stage actor, singer; plays the character Doug Williams on the soap opera Days of our Lives, also wrote The Ballad of Davey Crockett
John Hayes (cricketer) 1927 2007 New Zealander  Professional cricketer
Lord Alfred Hayes 1928 2005 British  Professional wrestler, manager, and commentator best known for his work in the U.S. with the promotion now known as WWE
Willie Hayes c.1928 (unknown) Irish  Professional football (soccer) player
John Hayes (art historian) 1929 2005 British  Authority on the paintings of Thomas Gainsborough; director of the London Museum and National Portrait Gallery
John Hayes (director) 1930 2000 American  B-movie genre film director
David Hayes (sculptor) 1931 (living) American  Award-winning sculptor
Brian Hayes (broadcaster) 1937 (living) Australian  Radio personality
Mickie Most[16] 1938 2003 English  Record producer  born "Michael Peter Hayes"
Vic Hayes 1941 (living) Dutch  "Father of Wi-Fi".[17][18]
Bob Hayes 1942 2002 American  Olympic Gold Medalist sprinter; professional football player; at one time considered the world's fastest man
Geoffrey Hayes 1942 (living) English  Television presenter and actor; presented Rainbow (TV series)
Isaac Hayes[19] 1942 2008 American  Soul and funk musician; winner of Oscar and Grammy awards
Patrick J. Hayes 1944 (living) British  Computer scientist known for his seminal and continuing contributions to the field of Artificial Intelligence
Frank Hayes (cricketer) 1946 (living) English  Professional cricketer
Billy Hayes (writer) 1947 (living) American  Film writer, actor, director; author of Midnight Express
John Hayes (NZ politician) 1948 (living) New Zealander  Member of Parliament
Mark Hayes (golfer) 1949 (living) American  Professional golfer
Stephen K. Hayes 1949 (living) American  Martial arts instructor and author; inductee into the Black Belt Hall of Fame (Instructor of the Year); former security advisor and bodyguard to the Dalai Lama of Tibet
Born after 1950
Dennis Hayes 1950 (living) American  Co-developer of the first commercial modem for the IBM PC; founder of Hayes Microcomputer Products
Jerry Hayes 1953 (living) British  National politician; barrister
Mark Hayes (composer) 1953 (living) American  Gospel music composer
Beth Hayes 1955 1984 American  Economist specializing in theoretical microeconomics
Chris Hayes (politician) 1955 (living) Australian  National politician for the Division of Werriwa
Austin Hayes 1958 1986 Irish  Professional football (soccer) player
John Henry Hayes 1958 (living) English  National politician
Michael Hayes (wrestler) 1959 (living) American  Professional wrestler and writer for professional wrestling events
Calvin Hayes[16] 1960 (living) English  Musician; founding member of Johnny Hates Jazz
David A. Hayes[15] 1962 (living) Australian  Thoroughbred racehorse trainer
Kevin Hayes 1962 (living) English  Professional cricketer
Bruce Hayes (swimmer) 1963 (living) American  Olympic Gold Medalist swimmer
David Hayes (born 1963) American Conductor Director The Philadelphia Singers
Stevie Plunder[20] 1963 1996 Australian  Singer/songwriter; founding member of The Whitlams
Bernie Hayes[20] before 1963 (living) Australian  Singer/songwriter
Christian Hayes 1964 (living) English  Rock singer, songwriter, guitarist
Michael Hayes (spree killer) 1964 (living) American  Murderer notable for successful use of insanity as a defense
J. P. Hayes 1965 (living) American  Professional golfer
Cylvia Hayes 1967 (living) American  Former First Lady of Oregon
Eric Hayes (American football) 1967 (living) American  football player
Andrea Hayes 1969 (living) American  Backstroke swimmer
Brian Hayes (politician) 1969 (living) Irish  National politician
Sean Hayes (musician) 1969 (living) American  Folk music singer-songwriter
Trisa Hayes 1969 (living) American  Professional wrestler
Sean Hayes (actor) 1970 (living) American  Film and television actor; Emmy award winner
Chris Hayes (American football) 1972 (living) American  Professional football player
Darren Hayes 1972 (living) Australian  Pop and electronica singer, songwriter
David Hayes (musician) before 1973 (living) American  Bass guitar player
Edwina Hayes 1973 (living) Irish-English  Singer, songwriter
John Hayes (rugby player) 1973 (living) Irish  Professional rugby union player
Janet Gray Hayes before 1975 (living) American  Sixtieth Mayor of San Jose, California
Josh Hayes 1975 (living) American  Professional motorcycle racer
Peter Hayes 1976 (living) American  Founder/Guitarist in Black Rebel Motorcycle Club
David Hayes (soccer) 1976 (living) American  Professional football (soccer) player
Christopher Hayes (journalist) 1979 (living) American  Journalist; editor of The Nation
Frank Hayes (musician) before 1980 (living) American  Filk musician; computer technology columnist
Lenny Hayes 1980 (living) Australian Rules Football player
David Hayes (writer) before 1986 (living) Canadian  Non-fiction author and essayist
Jordan Hayes 1987 (living) Canadian  Actress
Hunter Hayes 1991 (living) American  Country music singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist

Additional notable people

Fictional characters sharing the Hayes surname

See also


  1. http://www.celticfamilymaps.com
  2. Citation: United States Census Bureau. 1995.
  3. 1 2 3 Citation: Hayes surname meaning
  4. Eynsham Cartulary of Oxfordshire: This text is a chronological record of deeds issued in Eynsham, Oxfordshire and recorded by the Benedictine Abbey of Eynsham. Several full text versions are available online, as this is considered an antiquarian text of some relevance; for instance, a version published in 1907 is available via Google Books.
  5. Citation: Eysham abbey. 1907.
  6. 1 2 3 Citation: Longley et al.
  7. 1 2 Citation: Hayes surname group.
  8. Citation: kthomas, 2002.
  9. Citation: Hayes, John; 2008.
  10. http://surnames.behindthename.com/name/hayes-3. Retrieved 26 December 2013. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. http://www.ancestry.com/name-origin?surname=hayes. Retrieved 26 December 2013. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. 1 2 Husband and wife: Rutherford 1822 and Lucy 1831
  13. This person is listed here under her married name.
  14. The Pima are a Native American people.
  15. 1 2 Father and son: Colin 1924 and David 1962
  16. 1 2 Father and son: Mickie 1938 and Calvin 1960
  17. CNET Vision series, December 6, 2002: "...which earned him the sobriquet of father of Wi-Fi."
  18. Business Week, April 1, 2003
  19. Father and son: Isaac 1942 and Isaac before 2000
  20. 1 2 Brothers: Stevie 1963 and Bernie before 1963


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