Harvard Medical School
|Harvard Medical School|
Coat of arms of Harvard Medical School
|Established||September 19, 1782|
|Parent institution||Harvard University|
|Academic affiliation||See list for affiliations|
Boston, Massachusetts, United States|
Coordinates: 42°20′09″N 71°06′18″W / 42.335743°N 71.105138°W
|Dean||Barbara J. McNeil (acting)|
The school has a large and distinguished faculty to support its missions of education, research, and clinical care. These faculty hold appointments in the basic science departments on the HMS Quadrangle, and in the clinical departments located in multiple Harvard-affiliated hospitals and institutions in Boston. There are approximately 2,900 full- and part-time voting faculty members consisting of assistant, associate, and full professors, and over 5,000 full or part-time, non-voting instructors.
The school is the third-oldest medical school in the United States (after Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons) and was founded by John Warren on September 19, 1782, with Benjamin Waterhouse, and Aaron Dexter. The first lectures were given in the basement of Harvard Hall and then in Holden Chapel. The first class, composed of two students, graduated in 1788.
It moved from Cambridge to 49 Marlborough Street in Boston in 1810. From 1816 to 1846, the school, known as Massachusetts Medical College of Harvard University, was located on Mason Street. In 1847 the school relocated to North Grove Street, and then to Copley Square in 1883.
The school moved to its current location on Longwood Avenue in 1906, where the "Great White Quadrangle" or HMS Quad with its five white marble buildings was established. The architect for the campus was the Boston firm of Shepley, Rutan and Coolidge.
In 1945 the first class of women was admitted, after a special committee concluded that male students would benefit from learning to view women as equals, that the lower-paid specialties typically shunned by men would benefit from the talents of married women doctors, and that the weakest third of each entering class of men could be replaced by a superior group of women.
The four major flagship teaching hospitals of Harvard Medical School are Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston Children's Hospital, and Massachusetts General Hospital.
- Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
- Boston Children's Hospital
- Brigham and Women's Hospital
- Cambridge Health Alliance
- Dana–Farber Cancer Institute
- Forsyth Institute (affiliated with the Harvard School of Dental Medicine)
- Hebrew SeniorLife
- Joslin Diabetes Center
- Judge Baker's Children's Center
- Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary
- Massachusetts General Hospital
- McLean Hospital
- Mount Auburn Hospital
- Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital
- VA Boston Healthcare System
In 2015, Harvard introduced the new Pathways curriculum, an approach which combines the problem based learning approach developed at McMaster University Medical School, with more student centered electives after core clerkship. Prior to 2015, Harvard had utilized the New Pathway curriculum, which was mainly centered on problem based learning.
The Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology (HST) offers an alternative MD program with a stronger emphasis on biomedical research. The HST MD program is significantly smaller than the Pathways program, accepting only 30 applicants every year.
Every winter, second year students at HMS write, direct, and perform a full-length musical parody of Harvard, their professors, and themselves. The year 2007 was the centennial performance as the Class of 2009 presented "Joseph Martin and the Amazing Technicolor White Coat" to sellout crowds at Roxbury Community College on February 22, 23, and 24.
Upon matriculation, medical students at Harvard Medical School are divided into five societies named after famous alumni. Each society has an advisory dean along with several associate deans who serve as academic advisors to students. Students work in small group tutorials and lab sessions within their societies. Every year, the five societies compete in "Society Olympics" for the famed "Pink Flamingo" trophy in a series of events (e.g., dance-off, dodgeball, limbo contest) that test the unorthodox talents of the students in each society.
- Francis Weld Peabody
- William Bosworth Castle
- Walter Bradford Cannon
- Oliver Wendell Holmes
- Irving M. London (Health Sciences and Technology, HST)
Partners Harvard Medical International
Harvard Medical School (HMS) has a medical-consulting arm, Partners Harvard Medical International (PHMI). PHMI has long-standing collaborative relationships with medical faculties at Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich, Germany, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and the Lebanese American University (LAU) in Beirut, Lebanon. Other long-standing relationships include PHMI's work with Asan Medical Center in Seoul, South Korea, and Tokyo Medical and Dental University in Japan. In 2007 PHMI began a 10‑year collaboration with Lebanese American University; in October 2009 LAU opened a new medical school with assistance from PHMI.
|John R. Adler||1980||academic|
|Robert B. Aird||academic|
|Tenley Albright||figure skater|
|William French Anderson||geneticist|
|Christian B. Anfinsen||biochemist, Nobel laureate|
|Paul S. Appelbaum||1976||academic|
|Babak Azizzadeh||Facial surgery specialist and surgeon for Mary Jo Buttafuoco after she was shot by Amy Fisher in 1992.|
|Arie S. Belldegrun||director of the UCLA Institute of Urologic Oncology and is Professor and Chief of Urologic Oncology at the David Geffen School of Medicine|
|Rebecka Belldegrun||ophthalmologist and businesswoman|
|Herbert Benson||cardiologist, author of The Relaxation Response|
|Ira Black||neuroscientist and stem cell researcher who served as the first director of the Stem Cell Institute of New Jersey.|
|Yōichi Takahashi||physician, music composer|
|Walter Bradford Cannon||physiologist|
|William B. Castle||hematologist|
|George C. S. Choate||physician|
|Gilbert Chu||physician, biochemist|
|Aram Chobanian||President of Boston University (2003–2005)|
|Albert Coons||physician, immunologist, Lasker Award winner|
|Harvey Cushing||renowned neurosurgeon|
|Hallowell Davis (1896–1992)||researcher of hearing, contributor to the invention of the electroencephalograph.|
|Martin Delany||One of the first African Americans to attend, and the first African-American field officer in the United States. He was expelled after a faculty vote to end the admission of blacks.|
|Fe del Mundo||pediatrician, first Filipino and possibly first woman admitted to HMS (1936)|
|Allan S. Detsky||physician|
|James Madison DeWolf||soldier; physician|
|Daniel DiLorenzo||entrepreneur; neurosurgeon; inventor|
|Lawrence Eron||infectious disease physician|
|Paul Farmer||infectious disease physician; global health|
|Jonathan Fielding||past president American College of Preventive Medicine; health administrator; academic|
|Harvey V. Fineberg||academic administrator|
|John "Honey Fitz" Fitzgerald||Mayor of Boston (1906–08; 1910–14)|
|Bill Frist||U.S. Senator (1995–2007)|
|Atul Gawande||surgeon, author|
|Charles Brenton Huggins||physician; physiologist; Nobel laureate|
|George Lincoln Goodale||botanist|
|Robert Goldwyn||surgeon, editor-in-chief of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery for 25 years|
|Ernest Gruening||Governor of the Alaska Territory (1939–53); U.S. Senator (1959–69)|
|I. Kathleen Hagen||Murder suspect|
|Alice Hamilton||first female faculty member at Harvard Medical School.|
|J. Hartwell Harrison||surgeon - first kidney transplant, editor-in-chief of Campbell's Urology (4th ed.)|
|Michael R. Harrison||pediatrician|
|Bernadine Healy||Director of the National Institutes of Health (1991–93); CEO of the American Red Cross (1999–2001)|
|Ronald A. Heifetz||academic|
|Lawrence Joseph Henderson||biochemist|
|David Ho||infectious disease physician|
|Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.||physician; poet|
|Mildred Fay Jefferson Pro||Life Activist; first African American woman to graduate from Harvard Medical School.|
|Clay Johnston||Dean of the Dell Medical School at UT Austin|
|Elliott P. Joslin||diabetolologist|
|Nathan Cooley Keep||physician who founded the Harvard School of Dental Medicine|
|Jim Kim||physician, global health leader, current President of the World Bank|
|Melvin Konner||author and biological anthropologist|
|Peter D. Kramer||1976||psychiatrist|
|Daniel Laing, Jr.||One of the first African Americans to attend, and one of the first African American physicians. He was expelled after a faculty vote to end the admission of blacks, but finished his degree elsewhere.|
|Philip J. Landrigan||epidemiologist and pediatrician|
|Pam Ling||castmate on The Real World: San Francisco|
|Joseph Lovell||Surgeon General of the U.S. Army (1818–36)|
|John S. Meyer||physician|
|Vamsi Mootha||systems biologist and geneticist|
|Siddhartha Mukherjee||physician, author|
|Joel Mark Noe||plastic surgeon|
|Amos Nourse||U.S. Senator (1857)|
|Jayantibhai Patel||Cardiothoracic surgeon|
|Oswald Hope Robertson||medical scientist|
|Richard Starr Ross||Dean Emeritus of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, Former President of the American Heart Association.|
|George E. Shambaugh, Jr.||Otolaryngologist|
|Shanil Keshwani||Canadian Intelligence|
|Philip Solomon (psychiatrist)||academic|
|Paul Spangler||Naval surgeon and record setting Senior Long distance runner|
|Samuel L. Stanley||5th President of Stony Brook University, academic, physician, biomedical researcher|
|Jill Stein||1979||physician; activist; politician|
|Lubert Stryer||academic; coauthor of Biochemistry|
|James B. Sumner||chemist|
|Helen B. Taussig||cardiologist; helped develop Blalock–Taussig shunt|
|John Templeton, Jr.||president of the John Templeton Foundation|
|E. Donnall Thomas||physician|
|Abby Howe Turner||academic|
|George Eman Vaillant||psychiatrist|
|Mark Vonnegut||author; pediatrician|
|Andrew Weil||proponent of alternative medicine and integrative medicine|
|Paul Dudley White||cardiologist|
|Robert J. White||neurosurgeon (Performed first monkey head transplant in the 1970s)|
|Patrisha Zobel de Ayala||Chairman of World Medical Association, surgeon, anesthesiologist, neurologist, medical researcher|
|Charles F. Winslow||early atomic theorist|
|Leonard Wood||Chief of Staff of the United States Army ; Governor-General of the Philippines|
|Louis Tompkins Wright||researcher, practitioner, first black Fellow of the American College of Surgeons,|
|David Wu||Member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1999–2011)|
|Alfred Worcester||general practitioner|
- "Harvard Medical School — History". Retrieved February 25, 2007.
- "Countway Medical Library — Records Management — Historical Notes". Archived from the original on September 1, 2006. Retrieved February 25, 2007.
- First class of women admitted to Harvard Medical School, 1945 (Report). Countway Repository, Harvard University Library. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
- "The Dean's Report" (PDF). Harvard Medical Dean's Report 2007-2008.
- "Class of 2009 Second Year Show". Retrieved March 11, 2007.
- "SECOND YEAR SHOW: New Curriculum Debuts in Second Year Show". Retrieved March 11, 2007.
- "Medical Education at Harvard Medical School".
- Partners Harvard Medical International
- "John R. Adler, MD | Stanford Medicine". med.stanford.edu. Retrieved 2015-03-26.
- "Dr. Harold Amos, 84; Mentor to Aspiring Minority Physicians". Los Angeles Times. 2003-03-08. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
- "Arie Belldegrun M.D. | David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA". People.healthsciences.ucla.edu. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
- Pearce, Jeremy. "Dr. Ira B. Black, 64, Leader in New Jersey Stem Cell Effort, Dies", The New York Times, January 12, 2006. Retrieved August 13, 2009.
- Saxon, Wolfgang. "Hallowell Davis, 96, an Explorer Who Charted the Inner Ear, Dies", New York Times, September 10, 1992. Accessed July 19, 2010.
- Menand, Louis (2001), The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, pp. 7–9, ISBN 0-374-52849-7
- Murray, Joseph E. M.D., Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, October 2004, Volume 114, accessed March 20, 2011.
- Biography page for Pam Ling at mtv.com
- "Jill Stein (G-R) Candidate for Governor". Retrieved May 31, 2016.
- Medicine: Negro Fellow Time, 29 October 1934