Hans Christian Andersen Award
- Not to be confused with the Hans Christian Andersen Literature Award
The Hans Christian Andersen Awards are a pair of biennial literary awards by the International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY), recognising one living author and one living illustrator for their "lasting contribution[s] to children's literature". The writing award was inaugurated in 1956, the illustration award in 1966. The former is sometimes called the "Nobel Prize for children's literature".
The awards are named after Hans Christian Andersen, the 19th-century Danish author of fairy tales, and each winner receives the Hans Christian Andersen Medaille, a gold medal with the bust of Andersen (see image). Medals are presented by the Queen of Denmark at the biennial IBBY Congress.
"National Sections" of IBBY may nominate one author and one illustrator each and the panel considers only those nominees. For the 2012 HCA Awards, 27 authors and 30 illustrators were nominated by 32 "nations".
Award winners are announced at the annual Bologna Children's Book Fair, in March or April. For 2012, five finalists for each award were announced 12 March 2012 and the winners one week later, 19 March.
- 1956 - Eleanor Farjeon (United Kingdom)
- 1958 - Astrid Lindgren (Sweden)
- 1960 - Erich Kästner (Germany)
- 1962 - Meindert DeJong (USA)
- 1964 - René Guillot (France)
- 1966 - Tove Jansson (Finland)
- 1968 - James Krüss (Germany),
- José Maria Sanchez-Silva (Spain)
- 1970 - Gianni Rodari (Italy)
- 1972 - Scott O'Dell (USA)
- 1974 - Maria Gripe (Sweden)
- 1976 - Cecil Bødker (Denmark)
- 1978 - Paula Fox (USA)
- 1980 - Bohumil Říha (Czechoslovakia)
- 1982 - Lygia Bojunga Nunes (Brazil)
- 1984 - Christine Nöstlinger (Austria)
- 1986 - Patricia Wrightson (Australia)
- 1988 - Annie M. G. Schmidt (Netherlands)
- 1990 - Tormod Haugen (Norway)
- 1992 - Virginia Hamilton (USA)
- 1994 - Michio Mado (Japan)
- 1996 - Uri Orlev (Israel)
- 1998 - Katherine Paterson (USA)
- 2000 - Ana Maria Machado (Brazil)
- 2002 - Aidan Chambers (United Kingdom)
- 2004 - Martin Waddell (Ireland)
- 2006 - Margaret Mahy (New Zealand)
- 2008 - Jürg Schubiger (Switzerland)
- 2010 - David Almond (United Kingdom)
- 2012 - María Teresa Andruetto (Argentina)
- 2014 - Nahoko Uehashi (Japan)
- 2016 - Cao Wenxuan (China)
The distinct award for illustrators was inaugurated in 1966 and it has been conferred 24 times through 2012.
Presidents of the award jury
Jella Lepman established the International Youth Library in Munich in 1949 and called the 1952 conference "International Understanding through Children's Books" that initiated IBBY. (Jella Lepman, German-language)
Lepman served as jury president for the first three Andersen Awards, 1956 to 1960, and remained on the jury until her death in 1970, as the President of IBBY and then as its honorary president. Current four-year terms cover two award cycles.
- Jella Lepman 1956-60 (Switzerland)
- José-Miguel de Azaola 1960-70 (Spain)
- Virginia Haviland 1970-74 (USA)
- Lucia Binder 1974-78 (Austria)
- Dusan Roll 1978-82 (Czecho-Slovakia)
- Patricia Crampton 1982-86 (UK)
- Ana Maria Machado 1986-90 (Brazil)
- Eva Glistrup 1990-94 (Denmark)
- Peter Schneck 1994-98 (Austria)
- Jay Heale 1998-2002 (South-Africa)
- Jeffrey Garrett 2002-06 (USA)
- Zohreh Ghaeni 2006-10 (Iran)
- María Jesús Gil Iglesia 2010-14 (Spain)
- Patricia Aldana 2014- (Canada)
Machado subsequently won the Writing Award.
- Waddell is a native, lifelong resident of Northern Ireland, United Kingdom.
- Pacovská was nominated by Czechoslovakia and received the award in the year before that state dissolved into its constituent republics.
- Sis was nominated by the extant Czech Republic. He was born in the former Czechoslovakia and educated there in Applied Arts. He has been a U.S. citizen from 1982.
- "Hans Christian Andersen Awards". International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY). Retrieved 2012-08-20.
- "2012 Awards". IBBY. Retrieved 2012-08-20.
- "2014 Awards". IBBY. Retrieved 2013-07-14; 2014-03-18.
- "2014 Hans Christian Andersen Awards Shortlist". IBBY. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
- "Winners 1956–2012". IBBY. Retrieved 2013-02-28.
- Eva Glistrup, ed.; Patricia Crampton, transl. The Hans Christian Andersen Awards, 1956–2002. IBBY. Copenhagen: Gyldendal. 2002.
Hosted by Austrian Literature Online (literature.at). Retrieved 2013-02-28.
- "Hans Christian Award jury members". Glistrup, ed., pp. 119–24. Retrieved 2013-07-12.
- "The Hans Christian Andersen Collection at Northwestern: Illustrated Children's Books from Around the World: July 27th – September 9th, 2004" — multimedia exhibit by Northwestern University Library including much information about the HCA Award and the 2004 Illustration Award in particular