Haikou dialect

Haikou dialect
Pronunciation [hai˨˩˧ xau˨˩˧ ue˨˧]
Native to Southern China
Region Haikou, Hainan
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None

Haikou dialect is a dialect of Hainanese which is spoken in Haikou, the capital of Hainan province of China.


Haikou dialect has the following initials:[1]

Labial Dental Sibilant Velar Glottal
Stop / Affricate voiceless t ts k ʔ
voiced implosive ɓ ɗ
Nasal m n ŋ
Fricative voiceless f s x h
voiced v z
Lateral l

The finals are:[2]

Vocalic codas Nasal codas Stop codas
a ai au am ap ak
ia iau iam iaŋ iap iak
ua uai uaŋ uak
ɛ e ek
o ɔi ɔu ɔm ɔŋ ɔp ɔk
io iɔŋ iɔk
i iu im in ip it
u ui un ut ok

There are also two syllabic nasals, /m̩/ and /ŋ̍/.[2]

The tone categories (described using Chao tone letters) are:[2][3]

level rising departing entering
upper 24 213 35 5
lower 21 33 3

See also


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