H. W. Brands
|H. W. Brands|
H. W. Brands at the 2012 Texas Book Festival.
Henry William Brands|
August 7, 1953 (age 63)
|Other names||Bill Brands|
|Known for||American history|
Henry William Brands (born August 7, 1953) is an American educator, author and historian. He has authored 25 books on U.S. history and biography. He is the Dickson Allen Anderson Centennial Professor of History and a Professor of Government at the University of Texas at Austin, where he earned his Ph.D. in history in 1985. His works have twice been selected as finalists for the Pulitzer Prize.
Early life and education
Born in 1953, Brands grew up in Oregon in the Portland metropolitan area. He attended Jesuit High School, where he was a three-sport athlete and National Merit Scholar. Brands enrolled at Stanford University studying mathematics and history, receiving his undergraduate degree in history in 1975. Following graduation he worked for a year doing sales in his family's cutlery business before returning to Jesuit to teach mathematics. He taught at the high school for the next five years. While doing so he earned a M.A. in Liberal Studies from Reed College in 1978, followed by an M.S. in Mathematics from Portland State in 1981. During this period he came to realize that he wanted to write for a living, and determined his love of history might provide an avenue for him to do so. He enrolled at the University of Texas at Austin to study under historian Robert A. Divine. He wrote his dissertation on the Eisenhower administration and its foreign policy during the Cold War, earning his Ph.D. in History in 1985.
While working on his doctorate, Brands taught social studies and math -- courses including world history, American history, Algebra II and calculus -- at Kirby Hall School and Austin Community College. His preferred method of transit was his bicycle as he commuted between classes at the University of Texas and his teaching responsibilities at the college preparatory school on the fringe of the UT campus and ACC's Rio Grande site in Central Austin. In his first year after completing his doctorate, Brands worked as an oral historian at the University of Texas School of Law. The year following he taught at Vanderbilt University. Then, in 1987 he took a position at Texas A&M University, where he remained for the next seventeen years. He made the daily commute from his home in Austin to teach in College Station. In 2005, he joined the faculty at the University of Texas at Austin, where he is currently the Dickson Allen Anderson Centennial Professor of History and Professor of Government. At the University of Texas Brands holds the Jack S. Blanton Sr. Chair in History.
Brands is an animated lecturer who presents history through stories. Brands holds that whatever information students may learn in a classroom will slip away with time, but creating an interest in history can result in learning that will continue throughout a student's life. "It is more important to me that my students come out of my class believing 'This story is interesting and I might want to know more about it', than to fill them up with information. If I can remind them or convince them that history is interesting then I feel I have succeeded, because unlike chemistry or physics, history is a subject that anyone can teach themselves, if they are interested." Brands believes creating an interest in history is particularly important in school textbooks, for which he is an author and frequent contributor. "I happen to think it is absolutely critical to write textbooks that engage the students." One textbook Brands co-authored is titled American Stories: A History of the United States, the title of which reflects his view that history is best taught through stories.
As an author, Brands views his writings as an extension of his classroom. Initially he intended to write a history of the United States in six volumes, but he was unable to generate interest in a publisher for such a project. Instead of abandoning the project, he chose to come at the task from a different perspective, and set about writing the history of the United States through the perspective of biographies, a genre for which broad interest was well established. Brands' biographical works are really "life and times" stories, with emphasis on the times. In researching an historical period he looks for a character by which he could tell the story of the time, creating through them a voice the readers can identify with. Personal notes and writings, letters and diary entries are all items of great interest to Brands as they allow the period to come alive. "When you tell a story, there are imperatives of structure, of style, of pacing and all of this, that are there simply because you want to make it a good story. When do you introduce your characters? When do you put them onstage, when do you take them off the stage? How do you weave the different threads of the narrative together?"
Though the focus in a biography, the subject's life and experience, must necessarily be more narrow than a general history of the time, Brands uses these biographies with the intention of relating the history of the period in an interesting way. One method he uses is to describe the overall events transpiring, then to cut back to the personal writings of the individual. The subject's perception of the world is placed within the broader perspective of the age. Said Brands: "History is a story... in fact, it is the best story I can think of." Examples of Brands' biographical histories include his biographies on Benjamin Franklin, covering the colonial period and the Revolutionary War; Andrew Jackson, covering the War of 1812, western expansion and the conflict over the National Bank; Ulysses S. Grant, covering the Sectional Crisis, the Civil War and Reconstruction; Theodore Roosevelt, covering the Industrial Era and the Progressive Movement; and Franklin Delano Roosevelt, covering the Great Depression, the New Deal, the Second World War, and the ascension of the U.S. as an international power.
He takes a progressive view on the nation's founders and the U.S. Constitution, arguing that the founders were at heart radicals who were willing to challenge the status quo in search of a better future. That being so, he believes that Americans today should not be constrained by the views of self-government held by the founders. "In revering the founders we undervalue ourselves and sabotage our own efforts to make necessary improvements in the republican experiment they began. Our love of the founders leads us to abandon and even betray the principles they fought for." He believes the framers would not want the Constitution to be interpreted by the idea of original intent, and believes that we are in error when we view the founders in a "deified" way. "The one thing that [the Founders] did have was an audacity to challenge conventional wisdom."
Brands believes that Americans place too much importance on the individual in the White House. "We have this very interesting relationship with the presidents where the president is supposed to be one of us, but on the other hand he represents everybody so he is sort of above all of us. We make too much of presidents, but we can hardly help ourselves." Though noting the power of the Office of the President has increased greatly since the opening of the twentieth century, when the United States emerged as a significant world power and U.S. foreign policy became far more important, Brands believes that popular focus on the president is excessive. "We have a cult of the president, where we make too big a deal of the president."
In addition to his works on US history, Brands has works on the economic development of the United States and biographies of key leaders in corporate America. His books are known for their readability and narrative thrust. He has authored twenty-four books, co-authored three others with T. H. Breen, and produced numerous articles that have been featured in newspapers and magazines. His writings have received critical and popular acclaim. The First American was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize and the Los Angeles Times Prize, as well as a New York Times bestseller. The Age of Gold was a Washington Post Best Book of 2002 and a San Francisco Chronicle bestseller. Andrew Jackson was a Chicago Tribune Best Book of 2005 and a Washington Post bestseller. What America Owes the World was a finalist for the Lionel Gelber Prize in international affairs. The Wages of Globalism was a Choice Outstanding Academic Book winner. Lone Star Nation won the Deolece Parmelee Award. Traitor to His Class: The Privileged Life and Radical Presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt was his second finalist for the Pulitzer Prize. He has appeared in the documentaries The Presidents (2005), 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America (2006), America: The Story of Us (2010) and The Men Who Built America (2012). His writings have been published in several countries and translated into German, French, Russian, Chinese, Japanese, and Korean.
- Cold Warriors: Eisenhower's Generation and American Foreign Policy (1988), ISBN 0231065264
- The Specter of Neutralism: The United States and the Emergence of the Third World, 1947-1960 (1989), ISBN 023107168X
- India and the United States: The Cold Peace (1990), ISBN 0805792074
- Inside the Cold War: Loy Henderson and the Rise of the American Empire, 1918-1961 (1991), ISBN 019506707X
- Bound to Empire: The United States and the Philippines (1992), ISBN 0-19-507104-2
- The Devil We Knew: Americans and the Cold War (1993), ISBN 0195074998
- The United States in the World: A History of American Foreign Policy (1994), ISBN 0395621801
- Into the Labyrinth: The United States and the Middle East, 1945-1993 (1994), ISBN 0070071888
- The Reckless Decade: America in the 1890s (1995), ISBN 0-312-13594-7
- Since Vietnam: The United States in World Affairs, 1973-1995 (1995), ISBN 0070071969
- The Wages of Globalism: Lyndon Johnson and the Limits of American Power (1995), ISBN 0195078888
- TR: The Last Romantic (1997), ISBN 0-465-06958-4
- What America Owes the World: The Struggle for the Soul of Foreign Policy (1998), ISBN 0521630312
- Masters of Enterprise: Giants of American Business from John Jacob Astor and J. P. Morgan to Bill Gates and Oprah Winfrey (1999), ISBN 0684854732
- The First American: The Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin (2000), ISBN 0-385-49328-2
- The Strange Death of American Liberalism (2001), ISBN 0300090218
- The Age of Gold: The California Gold Rush and the New American Dream (2002), ISBN 0385502168
- Woodrow Wilson (2003), ISBN 0-8050-6955-0
- Lone Star Nation: The Epic Story of the Battle for Texas Independence (2004), ISBN 0-385-50737-2
- Andrew Jackson: His Life and Times (2005), ISBN 0385507380
- The Money Men: Capitalism, Democracy, and the Hundred Years' War Over the American Dollar (2006), ISBN 0-393-06184-1
- Traitor to His Class: The Privileged Life and Radical Presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt (2008), ISBN 978-0-385-51958-8
- America Past and Present coauthored textbook; (9th Edition, 2010)
- American Colossus: The Triumph of Capitalism, 1865-1900 (2010), ISBN 9780385523332
- American Dreams: The United States Since 1945 (2010), ISBN 9781594202629
- Greenback Planet: How the Dollar Conquered the World and Threatened Civilization as We Know It (2011), ISBN 9780292723412
- American Stories: A History of The United States, coauthored textbook (2nd ed. 2011)
- The Murder of Jim Fisk for the Love of Josie Mansfield [American Portraits series] (2011), ISBN 9780307743251
- The Man Who Saved the Union: Ulysses Grant in War and Peace (2012), ISBN 9780385532419
- The Heartbreak of Aaron Burr [American Portraits series] (2012), ISBN 9780307743268
- Reagan: The Life (2015), ISBN 0385536399
- The General vs. the President: MacArthur and Truman at the Brink of Nuclear War (2016), ISBN 0385540574
- The Foreign Policies of Lyndon Johnson: Beyond Vietnam (1999)
- The Use of Force after the Cold War (2000)
- Critical Reflections on the Cold War: Linking Rhetoric and History (2000), with Martin J. Medhurst
- The Selected Letters of Theodore Roosevelt (2001)
- "2001 Finalists". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "2009 Finalists". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
Nominated Finalists are selected by the Nominating Juries for each category as finalists in the competition.
- Muscolino, Joe (2013-05-28). "Behind the Books with H.W. Brands, Author of The Man Who Saved the Union". Biographile.
- C-Span In Depth interview, 3 July 2005
- "H.W. Brands Biography". BookBrowse. 5 July 2011.
- Hollister, Stacy (October 2010). "A Q&A With H. W. Brands". Texas Monthly. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
- "LQ Podcast 34: H. W. Brands". Lapham's Quarterly Podcast. 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
- Walker, Tim (13 September 2002). "The World as He Knows It: H.W. Brands' "The Age of Gold" is his 16th book in 15 years -- and he has only just begun". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- H. W. Brands (2012-08-16). "Hauenstein Lecture: The Cost of Greatness". Hauenstein Center for Presidential Studies. Retrieved 2014-03-10.
- Brands, H.W. (September 2003). "Our reverence for the Fathers has gotten out of hand". Atlantic Monthly.
- H. W. Brands (2013-03-07). "Hauenstein Lecture: Persona of the Presidency". Hauenstein Center for Presidential Studies. Retrieved 2014-03-12.
- Brands, H.W. (2012-11-30). "Don't Dare to Be Great: The Paradoxes of Presidential History". SMU Center for Presidential History.
- Vognar, Chris (28 January 2011). "Interview: H.W. Brands writes history for real people". Dallas News. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to H. W. Brands.|
- H.W. Brands official website
- Website at The University of Texas at Austin
- Hauenstein Center Lectures
- Booknotes interview The Reckless Decade: America in the 1890s 25 February 1996
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- C-SPAN In Depth interview, 3 July 2005
- Brands discusses Traitor to His Class, Pritzker Military Museum & Library, 22 January 2009
- Brands discusses American Colossus: The Triumph of Capitalism 1865-1900 at the Pritzker Military Museum & Library on November 4, 2010
- Hauenstein lecture on taking the measure of American presidents, 7 March 2013
- History through Haiku History as presented through twitter.
- Coast Cutlery