Native to Sweden
Region Gotland
Native speakers
5,000 (1998)[1]
Early forms
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog gutn1238[2]

Gutnish, or Gotlandic, is a Scandinavian language spoken on the island of Gotland in Sweden generally considered to be a dialect of Swedish. Most Gotlanders speak Standard Swedish and contemporary Gutnish has been significantly influenced by it. It is an open issue whether the traditional Gutnish (sometimes called Older Gutnish) dialect, which was close to Old Gutnish, should be considered an independent language or a dialect of Swedish.[3][4] There are major efforts to revive the traditional variety of Gutnish, and Gutamålsgillet (Gutnish Language Guild) is organizing classes and meetings for speakers of traditional Gutnish.[5] According to the guild's webpage, there are now 1500 people using Gutnish on Facebook.[6][7]


  1. Swedish at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Gutniska". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Tomas Riad. 2013. The Phonology of Swedish. OUP Oxford, 2013 p.9
  4. Gustavsson, H. (1945). Gutamål och rikssvensk. Boken om Gotland, 2.
  5. About the Gutnish Language, Gutamålsgillet
  6. Gutamålsgillet
  7. Description of Gutnish on Gotland Tourism Website

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/27/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.