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The Guiyang school was the first established house of the Five Houses of Chán. Guiyang is named after master Guishan Lingyou (771–854) and his disciple, Yangshan Huiji (813–890).
Guishan was a disciple of Baizhang Huaihai, the Chan master whose disciples included Huangbo Xiyun, who in turn taught Linji Yixuan, founder of the Linji school. After founding the Guiyang School, Yangshan moved his school to what is now modern Jiangxi.
The Guiyang school is distinct from the other schools in many ways, notably in its use of esoteric metaphors and imagery in the school's kōans and other teachings. Hsuan Hua (April 16, 1918 – June 7, 1995) was the best-known modern representative of the Guiyang school.
| Huineng (638-713)|
(Hui-neng, Jpn. Enō)
| Nanyue Huairang (677-744)|
(Nan-yüeh Huai-jang, Jpn. Nangaku Ejō))
| Mazu Daoyi (709-788)|
(Ma-tsu Tao-i, Jpn. Baso Dōitsu)
| Baizhang Huaihai (720-814)|
(Pai-chang Huai-hai, Jpn. Hyakujō Ekai)
| Guishan Lingyou (771-853)|
(Kuei-shan Ling-yu, Jpn. Isan Reiyū)
| Yangshan Huiji (807-883)|
(Yang-shan Hui-chi, Jpn. Kyōzan Ejaku)
Absorption into the Linji school
Over the course of Song Dynasty (960–1279), the Guiyang school, along with the Fayan and Yunmen schools were absorbed into the Linji school. Hsu Yun attempted to revive these absorbed lineages and succeeded in the case of the Guiyang school.
- See, e.g., Hsing Yun (2009). Infinite Compassion, Endless Wisdom: The Practice of the Bodhisattva Path. Buddha's Light Publishing. p. 37. ISBN 978-1-932293-36-4. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- Ferguson, Andrew E. (2000). Zen's Chinese Heritage: The Masters and Their Teachings. Somerville MA: Wisdom Publications. pp. 126–127. ISBN 0-86171-163-7.
- Ven. Jian Hu. "Buddhism in the Modern World" Stanford University, May 25, 2006, p. 1
- Poceski, Mario (2005), Guishan jingce (Guishan's Admonitions) and the Ethical Foundations of Chan Practice. In: Steven Heine & Dale S. Wright, "Zen Classics: Formative Texts In The History Of Zen Buddhism", Oxford University Press