Greater Antilles

Greater Antilles
Grandes Antilles (French)
Antillas Mayores (Spanish)
Region of the Caribbean

Location within the Caribbean.
Island States
  Total 207,411 km2 (80,081 sq mi)
Population (2013)
  Total 37,582,088
  Density 169.05/km2 (437.8/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Greater Antillean
Time zones EST: UTC-5/EDT: UTC-4

The Greater Antilles is a grouping of the larger islands in the Caribbean Sea: Cuba, Hispaniola (containing Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and the Cayman Islands. The Greater Antilles constitute over 90% of the land mass of the entire West Indies,[1] as well as over 90% of its population, with the balance made of the archipelago of the Lesser Antilles, which is a chain of islands to the east (running north-south and encompassing the eastern edge of the Caribbean Sea where it meets the Atlantic Ocean) and south (running east-west off the northern coast of South America).

The word Antilles originated in the period before the European conquest of the New World - Europeans used the term Antilia as one of the mysterious lands featured on medieval charts, sometimes as an archipelago, sometimes as continuous land of greater or lesser extent, its location fluctuating in mid-ocean between the Canary Islands and Eurasia.

The Lucayan Archipelago is not considered to be a part of the Antilles archipelagoes but rather of the North Atlantic.


Name Area
(1 July 2005 est.)
Population density
(per km²)
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands (UK) 264 54,878 207.9 George Town
Cuba Cuba 110,860 11,346,670 102.4 Havana
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 48,442 8,950,034 183.7 Santo Domingo
Haiti Haiti 27,750 8,121,622 292.7 Port-au-Prince
Jamaica Jamaica 10,991 2,731,832 248.6 Kingston
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico (US) 9,104 3,916,632 430.2 San Juan
Total 207,411 35,066,790 169.05


  1. "Greater Antilles". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 28 May 2015.

Further reading

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Coordinates: 21°59′N 79°02′W / 21.983°N 79.033°W / 21.983; -79.033

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