Graphic organizer

A graphic organizer, also known as a knowledge map, concept map, story map (or storymap), cognitive organizer, advance organizer, or concept diagram, is a communication tool that uses visual symbols to express knowledge, concepts, thoughts, or ideas, and the relationships between them.[1] The main purpose of a graphic organizer is to provide a visual aid to facilitate learning and instruction.[1][2]


Graphic organizers take many forms:

Ishikawa's Cause & Effect diagram (fishbone chart)

Enhancing students' skills

A review study concluded that using graphic organizers improves student performance in the following areas:[3]

Students remember information better and can better recall it when it is represented and learned both visually and verbally.[3]
Reading comprehension
The use of graphic organizers helps improving the reading comprehension of students.[3]
Student achievement
Students with and without learning disabilities improve achievement across content areas and grade levels.[3]
Thinking and learning skills; critical thinking
When students develop and use a graphic organizer their higher order thinking and critical thinking skills are enhanced.[3]

See also


  1. 1 2 "Instructional Strategies Online - Graphic Organizers {waves}". 1999-01-01. Archived from the original on 2013-03-10. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
  2. Compare: "50 Uses of Graphic Organizers and Rubric". University of Wisconsin Stout: School of Education. University of Wisconsin. Retrieved 2016-08-12.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Graphic Organizers: A Review of Scientifically Based Research, The Institute for the Advancement of Research in Education at AEL

External links

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