Government operations

This article aims to describe the extent of operations and processes of governments around the world at all levels.

Size of economic footprint

The scale to which government should exist and operate in the world is a matter of debate. Government spending in developed countries varies considerably but generally makes up between about 30% and 70% of their GDP. One major exception is the United States, where central government spending takes up less than 20% of GDP, although the combined spending of all administrations reach 36%.


Government agencies may produce services like:


Government agencies may produce goods like:

Local government

At the level of local government, territorial or other authorities may set up government corporations such as "Local Authority Trading Enterprises" (LATEs).

Commonwealth of Nations

See also: crown corporation, state-owned enterprises of New Zealand

In monarchical commonwealth countries country-wide government corporations often use the style "crown corporation". Notable exceptions include both the state-owned enterprises and the crown entities in New Zealand. Examples of crown corporations include the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) in Canada and Air Canada before it underwent privatisation. Cabinet ministers (ministers of the crown) often control the shares in such public corporations.

United Kingdom

Main article: United Kingdom budget

For partial government employment statistics, see List of largest United Kingdom employers.

United States

In the United States, businesses that are government owned include Amtrak and the United States Postal Service. Many states have government owned businesses for operations as well. Generally speaking, a statute passed by a legislature specifically sets up a government owned company in order to undertake a specific public purpose with public funds or public property.

For employment statistics, see List of largest employers in the United States.


Main article: privatization

Privatization is the transfer of ownership from the public sector (government) to the private sector (business).

See also

External links

United States

All levels

Federal level

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 4/30/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.