Government of Vietnam

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politics and government of

The Government of Vietnam is the executive arm of the Vietnamese state, and the members of the Government are elected by the National Assembly of Vietnam.

Council of Ministers (1980–1992)

The Vietnamese Council of Ministers was entrusted by the 1980 Constitution with managing and implementing the governmental activities of the state. It is described in that document as "the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the highest executive state body of the highest body of state authority." It is accountable to the National Assembly of Vietnam, and, more directly, to the Vietnamese Council of State when the National Assembly is not in session. Its duties include submitting draft laws, decrees, and other bills to the National Assembly and the Council of State; drafting state plans and budgets and implementing them following the National Assembly's approval; managing the development of the national economy; organising national defence activities and assuring the preparedness of the armed forces; and organising and managing the state's foreign relations. Its membership includes a chairman, vice-chairman, cabinet ministers, and the heads of state committees, whose terms of office coincide with that of the National Assembly. The Council of Ministers includes its own standing committee, which serves to co-ordinate and mobilise the council's activities. In 1986 the standing committee was expanded from ten to thirteen members.

Each ministry is headed by a minister, who is assisted by two to twelve deputy ministers. The number and functions of the ministries are not prescribed in the Constitution, but in 1987 there were twenty-three ministries, and a number of other specialised commissions and departments. In apparent response to the call by the Sixth National Party Congress in 1986 for a streamlined bureaucracy, several ministries were merged. The former ministries of agriculture, food, and food industry were joined in a newly created Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry. The ministries of power and mines were merged to form the Ministry of Energy, and a newly created Ministry of Labour, War Invalids, and Social Welfare consolidated the duties of three former ministries. The addition of two new ministerial bodies also resulted from the 6th National Party Congress: a Ministry of Information to replace the Vietnam Radio and Television Commission, and a mission for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries to act as a co-ordinating body for foreign aid.

Cabinet members

Portfolio Name Member of Central Committee Politburo
Member Rank
Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc Yes Yes 6th
First Deputy Prime Minister Trương Hòa Bình Yes Yes 15th
Deputy Prime Minister Vương Đình Huệ Yes Yes 11th
Phạm Bình Minh Yes Yes 13th
Trịnh Đình Dũng Yes No  
Vũ Đức Đam Yes No  
Minister of National Defence Ngô Xuân Lịch Yes Yes 4th
Minister of Public Security Tô Lâm Yes Yes 5th
Minister of Foreign Affairs Phạm Bình Minh Yes Yes 13th
Minister of Justice Lê Thành Long Yes No  
Minister of Finance Đinh Tiến Dũng Yes No  
Minister of Industry and Trade Trần Tuấn Anh Yes No  
Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs Đào Ngọc Dung Yes No  
Minister of Transport Trương Quang Nghĩa Yes No  
Minister of Construction Phạm Hồng Hà Yes No  
Minister of Information and Communications Trương Minh Tuấn Yes No  
Minister of Education and Training Phùng Xuân Nhạ Yes No  
Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Cao Đức Phát Yes No  
Minister of Planning and Investment Nguyễn Chí Dũng Yes No  
Minister of the Interior Lê Vĩnh Tân Yes No  
Minister of Health Nguyễn Thị Kim Tiến No No  
Minister of Science and Technology Chu Ngọc Anh Yes No  
Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism Nguyễn Ngọc Thiện Yes No  
Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Trần Hồng Hà Yes No  
Head of the Office of the Government Mai Tiến Dũng Yes No  
Inspector-General of the Government Phan Văn Sáu Yes No  
Governor of the State Bank Lê Minh Hưng Yes No  
Chairman of the Committee on Ethnic Minority Affairs Đỗ Văn Chiến Yes No  


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