Giordano Dance Chicago
Giordano Dance Chicago, formerly Giordano Jazz Dance Chicago, is a jazz dance company based in Chicago, Illinois. Founded by Gus Giordano in 1963 as Dance Incorporated Chicago, it has toured worldwide, including as the first jazz dance company in the Soviet Union in 1974. The company has received widespread critical acclaim, and is said to have been the first jazz dance company.
The company comprises a dozen dancers as well as an apprentice company, Giordano II. Its repertoire includes Giordano's works as well as pieces by Rennie Harris, Mia Michaels, Davis Robertson, and Resident Choreographer Autumn Eckman. Nan Giordano is Artistic Director, and Michael McStraw is Executive Director.
Broadway performer Gus Giordano founded the company as Dance Incorporated Chicago in 1963. After giving a performance for the visiting Bolshoi Ballet, the company was invited to tour the Soviet Union in 1974. The company has since performed around Europe, the Americas, Turkey, and Japan.
Giordano founded the Jazz Dance World Congress, a biennial five-day festival attracting teachers and students from around the world, in 1990. As the host company of the Congress, Giordano Dance Chicago performed at Chukyo University in Japan, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C., and in Wiesbaden, Germany.
GDC runs several outreach programs, including a program integrating jazz dance into the health and science curricula of local middle schools, and “Jazz Dance Beat…Then and Now”, a concert and question-and-answer session designed to introduce audiences to jazz dance.
The Giordano technique is characterized by "jazz hands" (held with fingers spread and charged with energy), isolated movements of particular body parts, an active pelvis, and precise, unconventional shoulder placement. Powerful jumps, turns, and traveling steps are prized.
Giordano technique uses plié (bending of the legs) prominently, a characteristic Giordano linked to African cultures' connection to the Earth. Giordano arm and torso positions—usually open and slightly "scooped"—are designed to require the dancer's energy and mental presence. Giordano movements are executed with "counterforce", an isometric resistance to the primary motion which creates an aesthetic of power and vitality, in contrast to other jazz dance styles' emphasis on elegance or finesse.
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- "GDC Calendar". giordanodance.org. Giordano Dance Chicago. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
- "Outreach". giordanodance.org. Giordano Dance Chicago. 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
- Sabo, Linda (1998). Made in America: the cultural legacy of jazz dance artist Gus Giordano (M.A. thesis). Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. Retrieved 25 June 2015.