Ghana (Commonwealth realm)

Commonwealth realm
Flag coat of arms
"Freedom and Justice"
God Bless Our Homeland Ghana
Capital Accra
Languages English
Government Constitutional monarchy
   1957–1960 Elizabeth II
  1957 Charles Noble Arden-Clarke
  1957–1960 Lord Listowel
Prime Minister
  1957–1960 Kwame Nkrumah
Legislature National Assembly
Historical era Cold War
   Independence 6 March 1957
   Republic 1 July 1960
Currency BWA pound (1957–1958)
Ghanaian pound (1958–1965)
Ghanaian cedi (1958–1965)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Gold Coast (British Colony)

Ghana was a Commonwealth realm between 6 March 1957 and 1 July 1960, before it became the Republic of Ghana. It was the first western African country to achieve independence.

British rule ended in 1957, when the Ghana Independence Act 1957 transformed the British Crown Colony of the Gold Coast into the independent sovereign Commonwealth realm of Ghana.[1][2] The British monarch remained head of state, and Ghana shared its Sovereign with the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Ghana. The royal succession was governed by the English Act of Settlement of 1701.[1][2] The following governors-general held office in Ghana during the commonwealth realm period:

  1. Charles Noble Arden-Clarke (6 March – 24 June 1957)
  2. William Francis Hare, 5th Earl of Listowel (24 June 1957 – 1 July 1960)

A referendum was held on 27 April 1960, with 88.47% percent of the Ghanaian people (that voted) voting in favour of a republic, and 11.53% against. The republic was declared and the monarchy abolished on 1 July 1960.

Elizabeth II did not reside in or visit Ghana between 1957 and 1960, but she did visit:

Kwame Nkrumah held office as prime minister (and head of government). Following the abolition of the monarchy, a presidential election was held, which Nkrumah won, and subsequently he became the first President of Ghana.


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