Geraldine L. Richmond
January 17, 1953|
|Fields||Chemistry and physics|
|Institutions||University of Oregon|
|Education||Kansas State University (B.S.); University of California, Berkeley (Ph.D.)|
|Doctoral advisor||George C. Pimentel|
Chemistry and physics of complex surfaces and interfaces relevant to energy production, atmospheric chemistry, environmental remediation;|
Advocacy and mentorship for women in science
National Medal of Science|
Geraldine Lee Richmond (born January 17, 1953 in Salina, Kansas) is an American chemist and physical chemist. Richmond is the Presidential Chair in Science and Professor of Chemistry at the University of Oregon (UO). She conducts fundamental research to understand the chemistry and physics of complex surfaces and interfaces. These understandings are most relevant to energy production, atmospheric chemistry and remediation of the environment. Richmond has served as president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and she received the 2013 National Medal of Science.
From 1980 to 1985 she was an assistant professor of chemistry at Bryn Mawr College. Since 1985, Richmond has been at UO, from 1985–1991 as an associate professor of chemistry, and as a professor since 1991. Until 1995 she was director of the Chemical Physics Institute. From 1998–2001 she was the Knight Professor of Liberal Arts and Sciences and between 2002–2013, the Richard M. and Patricia H. Noyes Professor of Chemistry at the UO. Richmond's scientific research encompasses the chemical and physical processes that occur in complex surfaces and boundary layers including the structural and thermodynamic properties of solid / liquid and liquid interfaces. Much of her work has utilised vibrational sum-frequency spectroscopy for studying surfaces and interfaces; her review on the technique has been cited nearly 800 times since it was published.
Using these spectroscopic techniques with mixtures of H2O, D2O, and HOD, Richmond has studied the nature of hydrogen bonding surface structures and in the interfacial region. She has also studied how these structures are perturbed by electrolytes like simple sodium halide salts or acids or bases, and by surfactants. In examining the behaviour of water at hydrophobic surfaces, Richmond found that weaker dipoles in an organic phase is more effective for orienting individual water molecules near the interface. The interactions at aqueous / hydrophobic interfaces are important for understanding biochemical properties at boundaries such as cell membranes, as is the solvation of charge in such environments. The study of zwitterionic species like amino acids is important for similar reasons.
In 2014, Richmond was elected president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science for a term beginning in February 2015. In 2014, she was appointed by Secretary John Kerry to serve as the Science Envoy for the Lower Mekong River Countries. She was appointed by President Obama to the National Science Board for a term of 2012–2016.
Richmond is the Director and co-Founder of COACh, a grassroots organization founded in 1997, based at the University of Oregon, working to increase the number and success of women scientists in the U.S. and internationally. Geri Richmond also started a Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program at the University of Oregon in 1987 which is the longest running REU program in the United States. In the 29 years of the REU program, it has hosted over 350 undergraduates from across the country with 90% continuing to graduate school.
- 2014 Pittsburgh Spectroscopy Award of the Spectroscopy Society of Pittsburgh
- 2013 National Medal of Science
- 2013 Davisson-Germer Prize for "elegant elucidation of the molecular structure and organization of liquid-liquid and liquid-air interfaces using nonlinear optical spectroscopies"
- 2013 Charles L. Parsons Award of the American Chemical Society, "For distinguished public service to chemistry through advocacy for higher education, wise counsel and leadership in national science policy, and tireless advocacy for women chemists."
- 2011 Member, National Academy of Sciences
- 2011 Fellow, American Chemical Society
- 2011 Joel Henry Hildebrand Award of the American Chemical Society, "For pioneering applications of nonlinear optical spectroscopies and modeling of liquid surfaces and the resulting new understanding of water structure and bonding at liquid interfaces."
- 2008 Bomem-Michaelson Award
- 2008 Fellow, Association for Women in Science
- 2006 Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- 2006 Council on Chemical Research Diversity Award
- 2004 Spiers Medal of the UK Royal Society of Chemistry
- 2003 Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science
- 2001 Oregon Outstanding Scientist Award, Oregon Academy of Science
- 1997 Presidential Award for Excellence in Science and Engineering Mentoring
- 1996 Francis P. Garvan-Olin Medal of the American Chemical Society
- 1993 Fellow, American Physical Society, "For seminal contributions to the understanding of dynamics at interfaces accomplished by innovative applications of nonlinear optical phenomena."
- 1989 Coblentz Society Spectroscopy Award
- "Array of Contemporary American Physicists: Geraldine Richmond". American Institute of Physics. 2015. Retrieved 2013-09-18.
- "Geraldine (Geri) Richmond" (PDF). richmondscience.uoregon.edu. 2015-11-01. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- "Geri Richmond". richmondscience.uoregon.edu. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- "Water Research - Geraldine Richmond". Geraldine Richmond. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
- Richmond, G. L.; Robinson, J. M.; Shannon, V. L. (1988). "Second harmonic generation studies of interfacial structure and dynamics". Progress in Surface Science. 28 (1): 1–70. doi:10.1016/0079-6816(88)90005-6.
- Richmond, G. L. (2002). "Molecular bonding and interactions at aqueous surfaces as probed by vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy". Chemical Reviews. 102 (8): 2693–2724. doi:10.1021/cr0006876.
- Raymond, E. A.; Tarbuck, T. L.; Brown, M. G.; Richmond, G. L. (2003). "Hydrogen-bonding interactions at the vapor/water interface investigated by vibrational sum-frequency spectroscopy of HOD/H2O/D2O mixtures and molecular dynamics simulations". Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 107 (2): 546–556. doi:10.1021/jp021366w.
- Walker, D. S.; Richmond, G. L. (2007). "Understanding the effects of hydrogen bonding at the vapor−water interface: Vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy of H2O/HOD/D2O mixtures studied using molecular dynamics simulations". Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 111 (23): 8321–8330. doi:10.1021/jp070493v.
- Raymond, E. A.; Richmond, G. L. (2004). "Probing the molecular structure and bonding of the surface of aqueous salt solutions". Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 108 (16): 5051–5059. doi:10.1021/jp037725k.
- Tarbuck, T. L.; Ota, S. T.; Richmond, G. L. (2006). "Spectroscopic studies of solvated hydrogen and hydroxide ions at aqueous surfaces". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 128 (45): 14519–14527. doi:10.1021/ja063184b.
- Conboy, J. C.; Messmer, M. C.; Richmond, G. L. (1996). "Investigation of surfactant conformation and order at the liquid−liquid interface by total internal reflection sum-Ffrequency vibrational spectroscopy". Journal of Physical Chemistry. 100 (18): 7617–7622. doi:10.1021/jp953616x.
- Hore, D. K.; Walker, D. S.; Richmond, G. L. (2008). "Water at hydrophobic surfaces: When weaker is better". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 130 (6): 1800–1801. doi:10.1021/ja0755616.
- Scatena, L. F.; Richmond, G. L. (2004). "Aqueous solvation of charge at hydrophobic liquid surfaces". Chemical Physics Letters. 383 (5–6): 491–495. doi:10.1016/j.cplett.2003.10.158.
- Watry, M. R.; Richmond, G. L. (2002). "Orientation and conformation of amino acids in monolayers adsorbed at an oil/water interface as determined by vibrational sum-frequency spectroscopy". Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 106 (48): 12517–12523. doi:10.1021/jp021469e.
- "Geraldine Richmond Chosen to Serve as AAAS President-Elect". AAAS - The World's Largest General Scientific Society. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- "Announcement of U.S. Science Envoys". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- "National Science Board". National Science Board. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- "COACh". COACh. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- "Homepage | REU". reu.uoregon.edu. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- "Pittsburgh Spectroscopy Award" (PDF). Spectroscopy Society of Pittsburgh. 2016. Retrieved 2016-06-07.
- "President Obama honors nation's leading scientists and innovators | NSF - National Science Foundation". nsf.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2015.
- "NSTMF". NSTMF. Retrieved December 23, 2015.
- "NSTMF - Geraldine L. Richmond". NSTMF. Retrieved 2016-06-07.
- "APS Physics - DAMOP - Recipient". www.aps.org. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- "2013 National Award Recipient Citations". American Chemical Society. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- "Geraldine Richmond". www.nasonline.org. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
- "2011 ACS Fellows". American Chemical Society. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
- "ACS 2011 National Award Winners". American Chemical Society. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- "Bomem-Michelson Awards". www.cas.miamioh.edu. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
- "Awards fellows list - AWIS". www.awis.org. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
- "Members of the Academy" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 2015.
- "Oregon chemist Geri Richmond to receive Council for Chemical Research Diversity Award". EurekAlert!. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
- Leich, Megan A.; Richmond, Geraldine L. (2005-12-17). "Spiers Memorial Lecture". Faraday Discussions. 129 (0). doi:10.1039/B415753M. ISSN 1364-5498.
- "Fellows - AAAS MemberCentral". membercentral.aaas.org. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
- "Oregon Academy of Science - Outstanding Oregon Scientist". Oregon Academy of Science. 2008. Archived from the original on 2009-04-09. Retrieved 2016-06-07.
- "Geraldine Richmond - Richard M. and Patricia H. Noyes Professor of Chemistry - paesmem". paesmem.net. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
- "Francis P. Garvan-John M. Olin Medal". American Chemical Society. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
- "APS Fellow Archive - Geraldine L. Richmond". www.aps.org. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
- "The Coblentz Award - The Coblentz Society". www.coblentz.org. Retrieved 2016-06-08.