George Hepbron

George T. Hepbron (August 27, 1863 in Still Pond, Maryland, US – April 30, 1946 in Newark, New Jersey[1]) was one of basketball's first referees and rules pioneers. He is also credited with writing the game's first book, How to Play Basketball, in 1904.[2][3]

Hepbron was a close friend of Dr. James Naismith,[3] and subsequently played a major role in the early development of the game, especially in the area of rules. Hepbron held leadership roles with the Amateur Athletic Union Basketball Committee (1896) and the National Basketball Rules Committee (1915–1933).[4][2][3]

Hepbron was enshrined in the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1960 as a referee.[5]


  1. New Jersey Trivia. Rutledge Hill Press. 1993. p. 163. ISBN 1-55853-223-4.
  2. 1 2 Sprechman, Jordan; Shannon, Bill (1998). This Day in New York Sports. Sports Publishing LLC. p. 121. ISBN 9781571672544.
  3. 1 2 3 "Hall of Famers: George T. Hepbron". The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  4. "Basketball Authority, Hepron Dies". Indiana Evening Gazette. AP. May 2, 1946. p. 16 via
  5. "10 Named to Basketball Hall of Fame Honors". Weirton Daily Times. UPI. April 26, 1960. p. 12 via

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