Gastonia, North Carolina
|City of Gastonia|
Downtown Gastonia from the northwest
|Motto: Great Place. Great People. Great Promise.|
Location in the U.S. state of North Carolina
|Coordinates: 35°15′19″N 81°10′49″W / 35.25528°N 81.18028°WCoordinates: 35°15′19″N 81°10′49″W / 35.25528°N 81.18028°W|
|• Mayor||John Bridgeman (D)|
|• Total||50.7 sq mi (131.4 km2)|
|• Land||50.5 sq mi (130.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)|
|Elevation||797 ft (243 m)|
|• Density||1,421/sq mi (548.5/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||704, 980|
|GNIS feature ID||0985606|
Gastonia is the largest city and county seat of Gaston County, North Carolina, United States. It is also the second largest satellite city of the Charlotte area, behind Concord. The population was 71,741 at the 2010 Census. Gastonia is the 13th largest city in North Carolina. It is part of the Charlotte metropolitan area, officially designated the Charlotte Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). Gastonia has experienced steady growth, with a population increase between 2000 and 2010 of nearly 8.2%, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
The City Hospital-Gaston Memorial Hospital, Craig Farmstead, Downtown Gastonia Historic District, First National Bank Building, Gaston County Courthouse, Gastonia High School, David Jenkins House, Loray Mill Historic District, Robinson-Gardner Building, Third National Bank Building, and William J. Wilson House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Loray Mill strike of 1929 in Gastonia, was one of the most notable strikes in the labor history of the United States. Though largely unsuccessful in attaining its goals of better working conditions and wages, the strike was considered very successful in a lasting way; it caused an immense controversy which gave the labor movement momentum, propelling the movement in its national development.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 50.7 square miles (131.4 km2), of which 50.5 square miles (130.8 km2) is land and 0.23 square miles (0.6 km2), or 0.45%, is water. Gastonia occupies 14% of the total area of Gaston County.
As of 2010, there were 71,741 people, 27,770 households, and 18,599 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,420.6 people per square mile (548.5/km²). There were 31,238 housing units at an average density of 618.6 per square mile (238.8/km²). The racial composition of the city was 63.0% White, 27.8% Black or African American, 1.3% Asian, 0.4% Native American, 5.2% some other race, and 2.2% two or more races. 9.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino American of any race.
As of the 2010 census, there were 27,770 households, out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were headed by married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52, and the average family size was 3.05.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.0 years. For every 100 females there were 89.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.
In 2011 the estimated median income for a household in the city was $36,881, and the median income for a family was $44,576. Male full-time workers had a median income of $38,151 versus $29,590 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,277. 20.9% of the population and 18.3% of families were below the poverty line. 32.5% of those under the age of 18 and 6.9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
|Offense||Gastonia (2009)||per 100,000 people|
Many shutdowns and job losses have plagued Gastonia over the past decade. Gastonia maintains a relatively strong manufacturing workforce, but many workers are laid off and many more are facing job losses. The city had an unemployment rate of 7.9% as of 2010; 12,536 of the 71,341 residents lived and worked in the city, with a daytime population change of +10,610. The city is the international corporate headquarters for textile company Parkdale Mills, the number one manufacturer of spun yarn in the world. The company also operated two production facilities in Gastonia and several in surrounding communities. Parkdale, like many other companies, has closed plants and moved production to other countries.
Other manufacturers in Gastonia include Wix Filtration Corp., Freightliner LLC, Stabilus, Curtiss-Wright Controls Engineered Systems and Radici Group. Other major employers include the City of Gastonia and Gaston County governments, the Gaston County Schools system, Caromont Healthcare (Gaston Memorial Hospital), and retailers Walmart and Advance Auto Parts, with two and six stores (plus a distribution center) respectively.
Arts and culture
Gastonia and the surrounding areas feature several notable attractions.
The Schiele Museum of Natural History features a number of permanent exhibits, including the Hall of North Carolina Natural History and the Henry Hall of the American Indian. The museum is also home to the James H. Lynn Planetarium, the only planetarium in the Charlotte area.
Eastridge Mall, located at exit 20 on North New Hope Road, is the only indoor regional mall in the area; it is anchored by Belk, Dillard's, and JCPenney. The mall is also home to over 80 specialty stores including Victoria's Secret, Aeropostale, PacSun, Footlocker, Hibbet Sports, Claires, Charlotte Russe, New York & Co., Best Buy Mobile, Radio Shack, Hat Fantatic, Encore by Shoe Department, a full-service food court, Red Lobster and other services.
Franklin Square, a series of strip centers, is divided into three Phases. Phase I features a Wal-Mart, Bed Bath & Beyond, Best Buy, Ross Dress for Less, and Michaels. Phase II is home to Kmart, Lowe's Home Improvement Warehouse, and Sam's Club. Phase III is where Kohl's, Old Navy, Books-A-Million, Gander Mountain, Shoe Carnival, Pier 1 Imports, PetSmart and a 14-screen movie theater are located.
There are also a few more shopping centers across the city with other well-known national and local retailers.
The Gastonia Gargoyles play rugby at Gaston County's North Belmont Park. The team is part of the Carolinas Geographical Union (CGU) and plays Division IV men's social rugby. The club plays in the fall (August - November) and spring (Feb - May) seasons. The club also hosts an annual rugby 7's tournament in Clover, South Carolina, during the Clover Scottish Games on the first or second Saturday in June.
Gastonia's two roller derby teams are the G*Force (senior team) and Mini*Gs (junior team). Bouts take place at Kate's Skating Rink on Hudson Blvd.
Fire and rescue
The Gastonia Fire Department consists of eight fire house spread throughout the communities within the City limits. The Gastonia Fire Department maintains 130 full-time firefighters working 3-24 hour shifts. The Life Safety division has a Fire Marshal and four inspectors, the Administration consists of the Fire Chief, Deputy Chief, Assistant Chief, Training Chief, and two Administrative assistants. Gaston County EMS (GEMS) is the county ambulance service.
All public K–12 schools in Gaston County, including the city of Gastonia, are part of the Gaston County Schools (GCS). GCS operates schools at the elementary, middle, and high school levels.
There are four public high schools in Gastonia: Ashbrook High School, Forestview High School, Hunter Huss High School, and Highland School of Technology. Students from outlying parts of Gastonia also attend Stuart W. Cramer High School, North Gaston High School, and Bessemer City High School.
Private schools are also available in the city. Gaston Day School, Gaston Christian School are among various private schools offered in the Gastonia area.
College and university
Although there are no colleges or universities within the city limits of Gastonia, higher education is well represented in the greater Gastonia area. Gaston County is home to Belmont Abbey College (Belmont; four-year) and Gaston College (Dallas, Lincolnton (Lincoln County), and Belmont; two-year).
The Gaston Gazette is Gastonia's main newspaper. It is published daily, and covers Gastonia city, Gaston County, and surrounding areas. The Charlotte Observer (North Carolina's largest newspaper) is also available and formerly featured a Gaston/Lincoln section on Wednesdays and Sundays, though it has scaled back its coverage of Gaston County dramatically in recent years.
Gastonia has no broadcast television stations licensed in the city, but is served by network affiliates and independent stations broadcasting from nearby Charlotte. Cable television service in Gastonia is provided primarily by Time Warner Cable.
Highways and major city thoroughfares
Interstate 85 (I-85) links Gastonia directly with Charlotte, Greensboro, Durham, and Petersburg/Richmond (to the northeast) and Spartanburg, Greenville, Atlanta and Montgomery (to the southwest). Gastonia's transportation network is supplemented by one additional freeway (US 321), the freeway portion of which directly connects Gastonia with transcontinental I-40 and the city of Hickory, North Carolina, 35 miles (56 km) north of Gastonia. An additional limited-access highway, the toll Garden Parkway, is planned as a loop that would encircle Gastonia to the west, while also adding a direct southeastern connection to Charlotte, I-485 and the Charlotte/Douglas International Airport.
Gastonia is also served by three US highways: US 29; US 74 (US 29 and 74 are multiplexed together through Gaston County); and US 321. US 29 parallels I-85 through the Carolinas, while US 74 provides direct east-west links to Charlotte and Wilmington (east), and Asheville and Cherokee (to the west). US 321 links Gastonia to central South Carolina and the Blue Ridge Mountains in northwest North Carolina.
State highways NC 7, NC 274, NC 275 and NC 279 also traverse Gastonia.
Franklin Boulevard., Garrison Boulevard, Hudson Boulevard and Ozark/Long/Airline/Gaston Avenues are major east-west city thoroughfares. New Hope Road, Chester Street/York Road, and Marietta Street, are major north-south city thoroughfares.
Gastonia Transit (GT) is Gastonia's city transit provider. The bus service operates on a fixed-route system covering most of the city. GT has a new fleet of seven buses and stops are clearly visible around town. Buses run Monday-Saturday, and transfer downtown Gastonia at the Bradley Station. Regular fare is $1.00, transfers are free.
Charlotte Area Transit System (CATS) is Gastonia's commuter provider to Charlotte. The Gastonia Express (Route 85X) offers Monday-Friday bus service to/from uptown Charlotte, via the Bradley Station. One-way fare to/from uptown Charlotte is $4.40; transfer is free when transferring to any other CATS services.
Amtrak's Crescent (trains 19, 20) connects Gastonia (GAS) with the cities of (to the north) New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, and Charlotte, and (to the south) Atlanta, Birmingham, and New Orleans. The unmanned Amtrak station is situated at 350 Hancock Street.
The Gastonia area is served by two airports. The Gastonia Municipal Airport (AKH) handles most of the city's private air service needs. It is located in the southeast part of the city, off NC 274. The Charlotte/Douglas International Airport (CLT) provides Gastonia with a major domestic/international gateway and is located 18 miles (29 km) east of Gastonia in Charlotte. CLT is US Airways' largest airline hub.
- Ernest Angley, televangelist, born in Gastonia and grew up in the surrounding area
- Darrell Armstrong, NBA star, attended Ashbrook High School
- R. B. Babington, businessman, telecommunications pioneer, banker, and alderman of Gastonia
- John T. Biggers, African-American muralist born in Gastonia
- Clyde Caldwell, fantasy artist
- R. Gregg Cherry, was the 61st Governor of the state of North Carolina from 1945 to 1949.
- Rufus Crawford, NFL and CFL player
- Crash Davis, Major League Baseball player who graduated from Gastonia HS. His name inspired that of the main character of the 1988 movie Bull Durham.
- Glenn Dunaway, NASCAR driver
- Harold Dunaway, NASCAR driver
- Fred Durst of the nu metal group Limp Bizkit, attended Hunter Huss High School and Ashbrook High School
- Eric "Sleepy" Floyd, NBA star, attended Hunter Huss High School
- Leonard Hamilton, Florida State University men's basketball head coach; born in Gastonia and attended Gaston College
- Sylvia Hatchell, women's basketball coach (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
- Wesley Ray "Wes" Helms, Major League Baseball player who attended Ashbrook High School
- Lamar Holmes, NFL player who attended Hunter Huss High School
- Billy James, of radio talk show The John Boy and Billy Show
- Evan Karagias, wrestler and actor
- Buddy Lewis, Major League Baseball player
- Lillian M. Lowery, Superintendent of the Maryland State Department of Education, born in Gastonia
- Kevin Millwood, Major League Baseball pitcher
- Buddy Parrott, NASCAR crew chief
- Dave Robbins, college basketball coach and NCAA Hall of Fame member; attended Ashley High School.
- Koren Robinson, professional football player.
- Lionel Shriver, author of We Need to Talk About Kevin
- Thomas Sowell, political commentator and economist; born in Gastonia, raised in New York City
- Melvin Stewart, former world record-holder who won two Olympic gold medals and one bronze
- Hassan Whiteside, NBA player born in Gastonia
- James Worthy, NBA star, attended Ashbrook High School
Gastonia has two sister cities:
Gotha was Gastonia's first sister city in 1994. Santiago de Surco became an official partner in March 2004. Mayor Jennie Stultz visited Gotha in 2007. In December 2007, the mayor of Santiago de Surco visited for the annual lighting of the Christmas tree in the Rotary Pavilion. He was invited to light the tree along with one of the city's councilmen.
- Gaston County, North Carolina
- Charlotte metropolitan area
- Garden Parkway
- I-85 Corridor
- Loray Mill Strike
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): All Places within North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 135.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties:12/05/11 through 12/09/11. National Park Service. 2011-12-16.
- Salmond, John A. Gastonia 1929: The Story of the Loray Mill Strike, (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1995)
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Gastonia city, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Gastonia city, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
- "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates (DP03): Gastonia city, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
- Gaston County Employers - 4th Quarter 2007. Retrieved on 2008-07-29.
- Permanent exhibits at the Schiele Museum of Natural History, accessed 06-15-2012.
- James H. Lynn Planetarium at the Schiele Museum of Natural History, accessed 06-15-2012.
- Activities available at Crowder's Mountain State Park, accessed 06-15-2012.
- "G*Force Presents Roller Derby". WBTV.com. June 9, 2014.
- "Gaston County Public Library". Gaston county Public Library. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
- "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- Official website
- Gastonia Transit
- Gaston Regional Chamber of Commerce
- Gaston County, North Carolina
- Gaston County Schools
- Gaston-County Public Library
- Gastonia, North Carolina, demographics and maps
- The Gaston Gazette