განთიადი (Georgian)
Цандрыҧшь (Abkhaz)

Urban-type settlement

Basilica in Gantiadi (6th century AD)

Location in Abkhazia

Location in Georgia

Coordinates: 43°22′N 40°05′E / 43.367°N 40.083°E / 43.367; 40.083Coordinates: 43°22′N 40°05′E / 43.367°N 40.083°E / 43.367; 40.083
Country Georgia (Abkhazia[note 1])
District Gagra
  Mayor Albert Tarkil[1]
  First Deputy Mayor Karapet Karagozyan[1]
  Second Deputy Mayor Grigori Kasparyan[1]
Population (2011)
  Total 5,170
Time zone MSK (UTC+3)
Climate Cfa

Gantiadi (Georgian: განთიადი [gɑntʰiɑdi]; Russian: Гантиади) or Tsandryphsh (Abkhaz: Цандрыҧшь; Russian: Цандрыпш), is an urban-type settlement on the Black Sea coast in Georgia, in the Gagra District of Abkhazia,[note 1] 5 km from the Russian border.



Gantiadi in historical times, was known as Sauchi (Russian: Саучи). Then, until 1944 as Yermolov, after the Russian general Aleksey Petrovich Yermolov. From 1944 until 1991, the settlement was known as Gantiadi (Georgian: განთიადი, Russian: Гантиади), from the Georgian word for Dawn. After the 1992-93 war in Abkhazia, Gantiadi was renamed as Tsandrypsh by the de facto government, but the name Gantiadi is still used informally among Abkhazians and widely in other languages.[2] The name Tsandrypsh derives from the princely family Tsanba.


Gantiadi is said to have been the historical capital of the principality of Saniga before the 6th century AD. It later became the capital of Sadzen.[2]


In 2011, Gantiadi had a population of 5,170. Of these, 55.9% were Armenians, 19.6% Abkhaz, 18.4% Russians, 1.2% Ukrainians, 0.9% Georgians and 0.7% Greeks.[3]

Main sights

Tsandryphsh houses a 6th century Georgian Christian church.[4] A personal residence of Joseph Stalin is also located here.

External links


  1. 1 2 Abkhazia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider Abkhazia de jure a part of Georgia's territory. In Georgia's official subdivision it is an autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.


  1. 1 2 3 "Администрация городов, сёл и посёлков Гагрского района". Gagra DistrictAdministration. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
  2. 1 2 Pashkov, O.V. (2010). Поселок Цандрипш (Цандрыпш) (in Russian). Retrieved 7 January 2010.
  3. 2011 Census results
  4. V. Jaoshvili, R. Rcheulishvili, Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, V. 2, p. 680, Tbilisi, 1977.

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/5/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.