Galway County by-election, 1872

The Galway County by-election of 1872 was held on 8 February 1872. The byelection was held due to the resignation of the incumbent MP of the Liberal Party, William Henry Gregory, as he became Governor of Ceylon. It was won by the Home Rule candidate John Philip Nolan but this was overturned on petition.[1]

Nolan won by a large majority . Of the 4,686 available electors, who were chiefly Catholic, 2,823 voted for Nolan and 658 for Trench. Trench appealed the result, claiming on petition that there was widespread intimidation during the election campaign. The local Catholic bishops and clergy had strongly supported Nolan, chiefly because the family of his opponent, Captain William Le Poer Trench, was active in proselytism.

The trial of the Galway County Election Petition began, before Judge William Keogh, a Catholic and former MP for the pro Home-Rule Independent Irish Party. The trial started on 1 April and ended on 21 May 1872. Keogh found that Nolan had been elected by the undue influence and intimidation.

In his report stated that he found 36 persons guilty of undue influence and intimidation, including the Archbishop John McHale, the Archbishop of Tuam, the Bishop of Clonfert, Patrick Duggan, and the Bishop of Galway, John McEvilly, and twenty nine named priests, the majority of Catholic parish priests in the constituency. They were held to have used all influence to overthrow all free will.

A special case decided that notices put up by Trench alerting voters to Nolan's previous involvement in treating were sufficient to inform voters that he was disqualified.

The findings were that there was an undue election as there had been treating, undue influence and that the candidate was disqualified as he had previously guilty of corrupt practices. As a result, Captain Nolan was unseated on 13 June, the seat going to Captain Trench.[2]

The judgement caused an uproar; the judge was threatened with removal from the bench and his reputation never recovered.

Nolan retook the seat at the 1874 election. He remained MP after the 1885 constituency reforms as MP for Galway North until 1895.


Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
Galway County by-election, 1872
Resignation of William Henry Gregory
Turnout: 3,481 (74.29%)
Home Rule gain from Home Rule
Majority: 2,165 (62.29%)
John Philip NolanHome Rule2,82381.19
William Le Poer Trench Irish Conservative65818.90


  2. 2 O'M & H 46; HCP 1872 268 p. 20-85
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