Gallantry Cross, Gold
|Gallantry Cross, Gold|
|Awarded by the President|
|Type||Military decoration for bravery|
|Awarded for||Extreme courage or supreme bravery or valour beyond the normal call of duty|
|Status||Discontinued in 1994|
|VDF pre-1994 & SANDF post-2002 orders of wear|
The Gallantry Cross, Gold was instituted by the President of the Republic of Venda in 1985, for award to all ranks for extreme courage or supreme bravery or valour beyond the normal call of duty.
The Venda Defence Force
The 900 member Venda Defence Force (VDF) was established upon that country's independence on 13 September 1979. The Republic of Venda ceased to exist on 27 April 1994 and the Venda Defence Force was amalgamated with six other military forces into the South African National Defence Force (SANDF).
The Gallantry Cross, Gold was instituted by the President of Venda in 1985. It is the senior award of a set of two decorations for bravery, along with the Gallantry Cross, Silver.
Venda's military decorations and medals were modelled on those of the Republic of South Africa and these two decorations are the approximate equivalents of, respectively, the Louw Wepener Decoration and the Honoris Crux (1975).
Order of wear
Since the Gallantry Cross, Gold was authorised for wear by one of the statutory forces which came to be part of the South African National Defence Force on 27 April 1994, it was accorded a position in the official South African order of precedence on that date.
- Venda Defence Force until 26 April 1994
- Official VDF order of precedence:
- Succeeded by the Gallantry Cross, Silver (GCS).
- Venda official national order of precedence:
- South African National Defence Force from 27 April 1994
- Official SANDF order of precedence:
- Official national order of precedence:
- Preceded by the Decoration for Valour in the Prisons Service of the Republic of Bophuthatswana.
- Succeeded by the Police Gallantry Cross, Gold (PCF) of the Republic of Venda.
The position of the Gallantry Cross, Gold in the official order of precedence was revised twice after 1994, to accommodate the inclusion or institution of new decorations and medals, but it remained unchanged on both occasions. These were in April 1996, when decorations and medals were belatedly instituted for the two former non-statutory forces, the Azanian People's Liberation Army and Umkhonto we Sizwe, and upon the institution of a new set of honours on 27 April 2003.
The reverse displays the Coat of Arms of the Republic of Venda.
- Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 477, no. 27376, Pretoria, 11 March 2005, OCLC 72827981
- Republic of Venda Constitution Act, no. 9 of 1979
- South African Medal Website - Venda Defence Force (Accessed 30 April 2015)
- South Africa Homeland Militaries, May 1996 (Accessed 1 May 2015)
- Peled, Alon (1998), A Question of Loyalty: Military Manpower Policy in Multiethnic States, Cornell Studies in Security Affairs, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp. 50f, ISBN 0-8014-3239-1
- Warrant of the President of the Republic of South Africa for the Institution of the "UNITAS MEDAL-UNITAS-MEDALJE", Gazette no. 16087 dated 25 November 1994.
- Uniform: SA Army: Former Forces Medals - Venda Defence Force (BDF)