Gala Coral Group
|Industry||Betting and Gambling|
|Founded||Coral (1926), Gala (1991)|
|Revenue||£1.2 billion (2013)|
|Owner||Candover Investments, Cinven and Permira|
Number of employees
Gala Coral Group Ltd is a British betting shop, bingo and casino operator formerly owned by private equity firms Candover Investments, Cinven and Permira. The Group headquarters are in Nottingham (Gala Bingo and Casino), Stratford, London (Coral), and Woking (Gala Coral Remote Gaming). However, in 2011, a decision was made to move substantial parts of the business to Gibraltar, including almost all of the remote gaming division. The group, through acquisitions and new developments have over 30 casinos and 1,800 licensed betting offices. In July 2015, it was announced that the company would merge with Ladbrokes creating Ladbrokes Coral.
Coral Eurobet History
Joe Coral (born Joseph Kagarlitski, 11 December 1904 – 16 December 1996) began his bookmaking business in 1926 and, although primarily concerned with operating betting pitches at racecourses, together with his friend Tom Bradbury-Pratt, he ran speedway meetings at Harringay and opened a credit office in the West End of London in 1943.
He was, though, one of the first to take advantage of the new legislation and duly opened his first licensed betting office in 1961. The new law was, however, not intended to encourage betting and therefore shops were positively unattractive in appearance and devoid of any comforts.
Coral arranged a merger with another bookmaker, Mark Lane in 1971. By 1975 the company had become the Coral Leisure Group and had diversified to include a variety of other leisure activities comprising social clubs, casinos, hotels and later holiday camps.
In January 1981, however, the Coral Group was acquired by Bass plc and although it continued to retain the Coral name it became an integral part of the growing Bass Leisure.
In December 1997 Ladbrokes sought to acquire Coral from Bass. However, the acquisition was referred to the UK Monopolies and Mergers Commission and they concluded in September 1998 that Ladbrokes should not be allowed to buy the betting chain (however they were allowed to keep Coral's betting offices in the Channel Islands and integrated these into their own retail division).
Coral Group was then sold in a management buy-out backed by Morgan Grenfell Private Equity in February 1999. At the end of 1999 Eurobet, an internet betting business was acquired and the Group's name was changed to Coral Eurobet.
Gala Bingo was formed in May 1991 when Bass plc purchased Granada Theatre Limited's bingo clubs to merge with their existing Coral Social Clubs for a reported £147 million. Gala was officially launched on 17 October 1991 when 17 clubs re-branded and launched a new image. In 1997 a management buy-in purchased all 130 Gala Bingo Clubs from Bass for £235 million.
Over the next few years, Gala began acquiring other bingo clubs to increase their portfolio including 17 clubs from Ritz in July 1998 and 10 clubs from Jarglen in March 2000. In April 2000, they added 27 Riva Bingo Clubs from First Leisure for £90 million. Gala diversified outside bingo for the first time when it purchased 26 Ladbroke Casinos for £235 million from the Hilton Group in December 2000. In 2001 it added the Jamba Online business for £1.5m.
The owners sold the whole business for £1.24 billion in February 2003 to the private equity firms Candover and Cinven. Permira bought a stake in the company in August 2005, which valued the business at £1.89 billion. This transaction occurred just two months before the Gala Group merged with Coral Eurobet in a £2.15 billion deal in October 2005.
The group added another 10 bingo clubs in 2006 when it purchased the County Clubs in Scotland for £64 million. The company spent another £14.5 million in February 2006, when it bought the Leo Casino in Liverpool from Dolby Management Ltd increasing the number of casinos in the estate to 31 (at the time).
Gala's total clubs peaked at around 174 but since 2007 and the introduction of smoking bans in Scotland, Wales and England, this total has now declined to around 140. In their 2012 year-end accounts, the company reported employment of 4,801 staff in their bingo clubs, along with 10,849 in 1,600 Coral shops, 2776 in 25 casinos, 276 in remote gambling and 98 in Italy where it has over 400 betting outlets - plus a further 374 in support staff functions.
In July 2009 Coral announced the relocation of their broadcasting department to Milton Keynes to a purpose built studio to manage the inception of its new TV channel, Coral TV.
In May 2010 Coral bookmakers launched the Coral Dugout which was designed to offer in-depth football knowledge from ex-Premier League referee Graham Poll and sports presenter Jeff Stelling during the FIFA World Cup 2010.
In March 2015 Gibraltar-based platform provider Odobo signed two new distribution deals with Gala Coral Interactive, providing Gala Casino and Gala Bingo brands with fifty new gaming titles. Both parties benefit from the deal, Gala by joining the Odobo Marketplace, where they gain access to millions of funded-account customers around the world and Odobo by gaining greater exposure for every title they produce via the Odobo Developer Program.
Gala Bingo operates 137 clubs throughout the UK, with approximately a 24% share of all clubs and nearly 40% of National Bingo Game ticket sales up until the operator's withdrawal from the National Game in Summer 2008.
Gala has around five million bingo members, of which approximately 1.2 million are active players. Gala Bingo has an average of 600,000 admissions per week.
The bingo division began participation in the Nectar loyalty card scheme on 1 June 2007. Nectar points were originally awarded for club admissions, and additionally for slot machine play from 1 September 2007 - a first for the UK Bingo industry. Gala Bingo no longer participates in the Nectar loyalty card scheme.
On 31 July 2007 pensioner Pauline Clarke, 62, became Gala's first GBP millionaire, after winning a tie-break against another online player.
Coral owns two greyhound racing stadia in Britain, at Romford and Hove. Coral also operates betting shops at three of Britain's biggest racecourses – Cheltenham, Epsom, and Sandown Park (venue of the company sponsored 'Coral Eclipse' race), plus one each at Gatwick Airport (South Terminal) and Stansted Airport. Coral also has a successful Telebet business, based in Barking.
Marketing and advertising
As part of their experimental marketing campaign strategy, Coral engaged in the ‘RUN 4 IT’ campaign, requiring brand ambassadors dressed in trademark robber costumes, to physically ‘steal’ customers from competitor bookies. Over the course of this three week campaign, punters were encouraged to change their betting habits with the lure of a guaranteed win loyalty card and then walked by the ambassadors to the nearest Coral. This campaign saw a 7% conversion rate and 2,447 customers were ‘stolen’ from 900 bookies.
The division is the online betting and gambling arm, offering a wide variety of products and betting opportunities both in the UK and internationally:
Eurobet serves clients in over 130 countries, providing online sports betting in the following languages: English, French, Spanish, German, Italian, Chinese, Greek, Russian, Turkish, Bulgarian, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish, Albanian and Czech.
The Telebet business also forms part of this division.
Other services operated by the division include Gala TV.
The international division of Gala Coral was formally established on 1 October 2007. The aim of the International division is to develop an integrated multi-brand strategy. The first example of this is Italy with Eurobet retail and eurobet.it
Italy The Group won 403 betting licences in the open market tender in December 2006 under its Eurobet brand.
China The Group set up a joint venture to launch land-based bingo in China, with bingo being seen as the most appropriate point of entry for the Group.
- Rubinstein, William D.; Jolles, Michael; Rubinstein, Hilary L. (2011). The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 182. ISBN 978-1-4039-3910-4.
- ""Joe Coral." Times [London, England] 19 Dec. 1996". The Times Digital Archive.
- "News Analysis: DTI bars Ladbroke from buying Coral". 23 September 1998. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "UK Bookie Coral Buys Gibraltar-Based Eurobet". Tax News. 22 November 1999. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "Coral chain bought in MBO for 860m pounds". The Scotsman. 3 August 2002. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "Granada Tooting, London". Cinema Organ Society. Archived from the original on 9 June 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Memorandum submitted by the Gala Coral Group". UK Parliament. 2007. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "Gala will spend £3m to make Jamba pay-to-play". Brand Republic. 7 November 2001. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "Bingo group bought in £1.25bn deal". BBC. 7 February 2003. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "Permira Funds buy stake in Gala". Permira. 1 August 2005. Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Casino group Gala snaps up Coral". BBC News. 7 October 2005. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Gala acquires County Bingo". Casino compendium. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "Gala buys Liverpool casino for £14m". The Guardian. 13 February 2006. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- Gala Bingo galacoral.co.uk.
- Annual Reports and Accounts 2012 galacoral.co.uk
- "Casino group Gala snaps up Coral". BBC. 7 October 2005. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "New systems integration team builds state-of-the-art production facility for UK bookmakers". SIS News. 27 October 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "Will Rooney Rule the World Cup? Will Messi Make His Mark? The Coral Dugout Will Be Full of World Cup Insight and Excitement This Summer!". Market wired. 24 May 2010. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "Westfield books Coral for Stratford HQ". Costar. 1 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- Zivulovic, Emilija (18 March 2015). "New Distribution Deal between Gala Coral and Odobo". BingoReviewer.co.uk. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- "Coral sells Gala Bingo clubs for £241m". Retrieved 2016-11-11.
- "Ladbrokes to merge with smaller rival Coral". BBC News. 24 July 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
- Gala Bingo joins Nectar
- Daily Telegraph, 1 August 2007 Issue Number 47,325 Pensioner is bingo's first £1m winner
- "Coral Experiential Marketing Results". iD Experiential.