GSh-18 (ГШ-18)

Gryazev and Shipunov 9mm GSh-18 pistol
Type Semi-automatic pistol
Place of origin  Russia
Service history
In service 2000–present
Used by Russia
Production history
Designer V.P. Gryazev[1]
A.G. Shipunov[1]
Designed 1998 - 2000[2]
Manufacturer KBP Instrument Design Bureau
Unit cost 14 810 roubles (2008)
23 314, 44 roubles (2012)[3]
Produced 2001[1] -
Variants various civilian versions
Weight 590 g (21 oz)
Length 184 mm (7.2 in)
Barrel length 103 mm (4.1 in)
Width 34 mm (1.3 in)
Height 136 mm (5.4 in)

Cartridge 9×19mm Parabellum
9×19mm 7N21 +P+
9×19mm 7N31 +P+
Action Short recoil, rotating barrel striker fired
Muzzle velocity 535 m/s (1,755 ft/s)–570 m/s (1,870.1 ft/s)
Feed system 18-round detachable box magazine
Sights Fixed; front blade and rear notch

The GSh-18 (Cyrillic: ГШ-18) is a 9 mm semi-automatic pistol developed by the KBP Instrument Design Bureau in Tula during the 1990s. The pistol's name is derived from its designers — Gryazev and Shipunov, and the number 18 denotes the magazine capacity.[1][2]

Design details

The GSh-18 is a rotating-barrel, short recoil, locked-breech pistol with 10 locking lugs spaced equally around the barrel, the large locking surface area resulting in a strong lockup,[4] making it suitable for high-velocity ammunition loads. The GSh-18 may be employed using standard 9x19mm Parabellum rounds, but was designed for the high velocity, Russian armour-piercing 7N31 9x19mm round. The pistol incorporates a pre-set striker.[1]. The slide and working parts are steel, and the weapon has a polymer frame. Two different designs of grip have been observed.[4] The magazine capacity is 18 rounds, and an additional round may be carried in the chamber. The magazines are a double stack design common to many modern handguns. Disassembly is slightly more complex, with more dismountable parts, than a typical Browning derivative, such as the SIG Sauer P226, Glock 17 or CZ-75. The magazine release is reversible for left-handed shooters and the ejector doubles as a loaded chamber indicator.


The GSh-18 is designed to fire standard 9×19mm Parabellum as well as the Russian 9×19mm 7N21 (Cyrillic: 7Н21) and 7N31 (Cyrillic: 7Н31) +P+ armor-piercing rounds. The 7N31, has demonstrated penetration of 8 mm of steel (15–20 meters of distance).[1][5]



See also


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Владимир Доквадзе. ГШ-18. Серьёзный аргумент. // журнал "Ружьё", № 4, 2008
  2. 1 2 Евгений Александров. Дело «Грачей». Новые пистолеты Российской армии. // журнал «Калашников. Оружие, боеприпасы, снаряжение», № 4, 2003 г. стр.12-17
  3. "девятимиллиметровый пистолет ГШ-18. Это один из самых дорогих подарков - 23 314.44 руб."
    Руслан Игнатьев. Оружие в законе // "Экспресс-газета", № 32 (913) от 15 августа 2012
  4. 1 2
  5. ГШ-18 СПОРТ / официальный сайт Тульского КБ Приборостроения
  6. Постановление Правительства Российской Федерации № 166 от 21 марта 2003 г.
  8. Постановление Правительства Российской Федерации № 568 от 16 сентября 2006 года
  9. Постановление Правительства Российской Федерации № 776 от 2 октября 2009 года "Об обеспечении боевым ручным стрелковым и иным оружием, патронами к нему, специальными средствами, оборудованием и снаряжением Федеральной службы судебных приставов"


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