GAP (computer algebra system)

This article is about a software package. For other uses, see Gap (disambiguation).
Developer(s) University of St. Andrews; RWTH Aachen; the Technische Universität Braunschweig; Colorado State University
Stable release
4.8.6 / November 12, 2016 (2016-11-12)[1]
Written in C
Operating system Cross-platform
Type Computer algebra system
License GNU General Public License

GAP (Groups, Algorithms and Programming) is a computer algebra system for computational discrete algebra with particular emphasis on computational group theory.


GAP was developed at Lehrstuhl D für Mathematik (LDFM), RWTH Aachen, Germany from 1986 to 1997. After the retirement of J. Neubüser from the chair of LDFM, the development and maintenance of GAP was coordinated by the School of Mathematical and Computational Sciences at the University of St Andrews, Scotland. In the summer of 2005 coordination was transferred to an equal partnership of four 'GAP Centres', located at the University of St Andrews; RWTH Aachen; the Technische Universität Braunschweig; and Colorado State University at Fort Collins.


GAP and its sources, including packages (sets of user contributed programs), data library (including a list of small groups) and the manual, are distributed freely, subject to "copyleft" conditions. GAP runs on any Unix system, under Windows, and on Macintosh systems. The standard distribution requires about 300 MB (about 400 MB if all the packages are loaded). To run GAP, 128 MB of RAM is sufficient.

The user contributed packages are an important feature of the system, adding a great deal of functionality. GAP offers package authors the opportunity to submit these packages for a process of peer review, hopefully improving the quality of the final packages, and providing recognition akin to an academic publication for their authors. As of August 2006, there are 58 packages distributed with GAP, of which approximately 35 have been through this process.

An interface is available for using the SINGULAR computer algebra system from within GAP. GAP is also included in the mathematical software system SageMath.

Sample session

gap> G:=SmallGroup(8,1); # Set G to be a group of order 8.
<pc group of size 8 with 3 generators>
gap> i:=IsomorphismPermGroup(G); # Find an isomorphism from G to a group of permutations
<action isomorphism>
gap> Image(i,G); # The image of G under I - these are the generators of im G.
Group([ (1,5,3,7,2,6,4,8), (1,3,2,4)(5,7,6,8), (1,2)(3,4)(5,6)(7,8) ])
gap> Elements(Image(i,G)); # All the elements of im G.
[ (), (1,2)(3,4)(5,6)(7,8), (1,3,2,4)(5,7,6,8), (1,4,2,3)(5,8,6,7), 
   (1,5,3,7,2,6,4,8), (1,6,3,8,2,5,4,7), (1,7,4,5,2,8,3,6), (1,8,4,6,2,7,3,5) ]

See also


  1. "GAP 4.8.6". Retrieved 14 November 2016.

External links

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