Fun Home (musical)
Original Broadway Playbill
by Alison Bechdel
2016 US National Tour
Tony Award for Best Musical|
Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical
Tony Award for Best Original Score
Lucille Lortel Award for Outstanding Musical
Obie Award for Musical Theater
Fun Home is a musical adapted by Lisa Kron and Jeanine Tesori from Alison Bechdel's 2006 graphic memoir of the same name. The story concerns Bechdel's discovery of her own sexuality, her relationship with her gay father, and her attempts to unlock the mysteries surrounding his life. It is the first Broadway musical with a lesbian protagonist.
The musical was developed through several readings and performances, including at the Ojai Playwrights Conference in 2009 and at the Sundance Theatre Lab and The Public Theater's Public Lab in 2012. It opened Off-Broadway at the Public Theater in September 2013 to positive reviews. Its run was extended several times, until January 2014. The Public Theater production of Fun Home was nominated for nine Lucille Lortel Awards (winning three, including Outstanding Musical), two Obie Awards and eight Drama Desk Awards, among others.
The original Broadway production began previews at the Circle in the Square Theatre in March 2015 and opened in April 2015. It was nominated for twelve Tony Awards, winning five, including Best Musical, and its cast album received a nomination for the 2016 Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album. The production closed on September 10, 2016, and a national tour began in October 2016.
Background and development
Writer/artist Alison Bechdel's book Fun Home, a memoir in comics format, was published in 2006 to critical acclaim. Its subject is Alison Bechdel's coming of age, with particular emphasis on her relationship to her father, Bruce Bechdel. Alison's coming out as a lesbian is complicated by the revelation that Bruce had also had homosexual relationships, including encounters with males below the age of consent. Four months after Alison comes out to her parents, Bruce is killed by an oncoming truck; although the evidence is equivocal, Alison concludes that he committed suicide.
Bechdel's book was adapted into a musical with book and lyrics by Lisa Kron and music by Jeanine Tesori. Writing in Slate, June Thomas called the play "the first mainstream musical about a young lesbian". The adaptation was developed over the course of five years. It was first workshopped at the Ojai Playwrights Conference in August 2009. A staged reading was performed at The Public Theater in 2011. (Of the cast of that staged reading, only Judy Kuhn and Beth Malone continued in their roles to the full Off-Broadway production.) The musical had another workshop as part of the Sundance Institute's Theater Lab in July 2012, featuring Raul Esparza. Following that it ran for three weeks as part of the Public Theater's Public Lab series in October and November 2012. On April 8, 2013, musical selections from the play were performed by Maggie Gyllenhaal, Judy Kuhn, David Hyde Pierce and others at an event for the Sundance Institute. A final Public Theater workshop was held in May 2013.
The musical's development process entailed extensive changes and rewrites. Beth Malone said that the original workshop script "doesn't resemble this current play at all". In early versions, the production was structured around Bechdel's drawings, but the creators later removed most of this element, save for one image of Bruce and young Alison which is used at the musical's conclusion. Revisions continued through the preview period of the Off-Broadway production, requiring the actors to perform new material every night.
Fun Home premiered Off-Broadway at The Public Theater in previews on September 30, 2013, and opened officially on October 22, 2013. Originally scheduled to run through November 3, 2013, the run was extended several times, and the musical closed on January 12, 2014. The production was directed by Sam Gold, with sets and costumes by David Zinn, lighting by Ben Stanton, projections by Jim Findlay and Jeff Sugg, and choreography by Danny Mefford. In response to a controversy in which the legislature of South Carolina attempted to financially punish the College of Charleston for choosing the original graphic novel of Fun Home as a reading selection for incoming freshmen, the off-Broadway cast presented a concert of songs from the musical to a full house in Charleston, South Carolina, in April 2014. Bechdel, Kron, Tesori and musical director Chris Fenwick accompanied the cast.
The musical began previews at Broadway's Circle in the Square Theatre on March 27, 2015, with an official opening on April 19, 2015. Gold directed the show on Broadway, with the same production team as the Off-Broadway production, including Zinn, Mefford and Stanton. The Off-Broadway cast reprised their roles on Broadway, except for the actors playing Medium Alison, John and Christian Bechdel. In December 2015, eight months after opening on Broadway, the show recouped its capitalization and began to make a profit. Costs for the show were relatively low due to a small cast and orchestra. The production closed on September 10, 2016, after 26 previews and 582 regular performances.
A year-long U.S. national tour of the show began in Cleveland, Ohio, in October 2016. The tour is directed by Sam Gold and stars Kate Shindle as Alison and Robert Petkoff as Bruce. The first international production of Fun Home premiered in Manila, Philippines, in November 2016, with Cris Villonco as Alison, Lea Salonga as Helen and Eric Kunze as Bruce. The production is directed by Bobby Garcia. The limited run of 18 performances is scheduled to close on November 27, 2016. A review in ABS-CBN News praised the performances and direction and called the production "undeniably moving, piercing through our core, and performed by an incredibly talented ensemble."
As she works on her memoir in the present day, successful middle-aged cartoonist Alison Bechdel recalls two time periods in her life. The first is her childhood, around age 10 (Small Alison), when she struggles against her father Bruce's obsessive demands and begins to identify her inchoate sexuality. The second is her first year in college (Medium Alison), when she begins her first relationship and comes out of the closet as a lesbian.
Alison remembers herself, as a child, demanding that her father play "airplane" with her, while Bruce sorts through a box of junk and valuables he has salvaged from a barn ("It All Comes Back"). Bruce tells the family that a visitor from the local historical society is coming to see their ornate Victorian home that he has restored, and his wife Helen prepares the house to Bruce's demanding aesthetic standard ("Welcome to Our House on Maple Avenue"). In a phone call with her father and a journal entry, Medium Alison expresses her anxiety about starting college ("Not Too Bad"). At the Bechdel Funeral Home, Small Alison and her brothers John and Christian hide in caskets while Bruce talks to Pete, a mourning young man. The children perform an imaginary advertisement for the funeral home ("Come to the Fun Home"). Medium Alison hesitates outside the door of the college's Gay Union, and is flummoxed when she meets Joan, a confident young lesbian. Bruce invites into the house Roy, a young man whom he has hired to do yard work. Bruce begins to seduce Roy in the library while Helen is playing the piano upstairs, trying her best to ignore it ("Helen's Etude").
Medium Alison writes a letter to her parents but does not mention Joan or the Gay Union. Bruce orders Small Alison to put on a dress, but she would rather wear a jean jacket. Bruce tells her that she would be the only girl without a dress and that the other children would laugh at her; she leaves on the dress ("Party Dress"). Medium Alison proudly tells Joan that she has written a letter to her parents telling them that she is a lesbian, but begins to second-guess herself (beginning to wonder if she's asexual) until Joan kisses her. That night, she is excited and joyful at having had sex with Joan ("Changing My Major").
Alison considers the connection between her coming out and her father's death. Small Alison has a homework assignment to draw a map of places her family has lived, but Bruce aggressively takes over, drawing it the way he thinks it should look. Alison realizes that despite having traveled and lived in Europe, her father's place of birth, life, work and death can all be placed in a small circle in Beech Creek, Pennsylvania ("Maps"). Bruce offers a ride and a beer to an underage boy, and it is later implied that they had sexual intercourse. Medium Alison writes to her parents, asking for a response to her coming-out letter. Small Alison watches The Partridge Family, but Bruce switches it off. Small Alison talks to him, and finds out that he is going to see a psychiatrist because he is "bad" and not good like her. Alison expresses annoyance that he lied to her; the actual reason he was going was because he was arrested for what he did to the underage boy. Helen tells Small Alison that the psychiatrist will help her father, and attempts to reassure her. Bruce starts a vicious argument with Helen and breaks several of her possessions along with some library books. Small Alison fantasizes about her family as the happy family singing together on television ("Raincoat of Love").
Alison remembers a time when Bruce took her and her brothers to New York City and stayed in a borrowed Greenwich Village apartment. After a long day, Small Alison, Christian and John settle into sleeping bags. Small Alison wakes up and catches Bruce sneaking out. Bruce sings a lullaby ("Pony Girl"). He reassures his daughter that he's just going out for a paper, but he leaves to go cruising. Medium Alison is angered by a noncommittal letter from Bruce, responding to her coming out. At a luncheonette with her father, Small Alison notices a butch delivery woman and feels an inexplicable kinship with her ("Ring of Keys").
Medium Alison calls home to demand a fuller response from her parents and is astonished when her mother tells her that her father has had sexual relationships with men and boys. Alison explores the tensions her family was under at this time and watches a heated argument between her parents. Medium Alison returns home for vacation with Joan in tow. Helen confesses to Medium Alison her devastation at spending her life in an unfulfilling marriage with Bruce ("Days and Days"). Medium Alison, Joan and Bruce have an unexpectedly pleasant evening around the piano. Bruce asks Alison if she'd like to go for a drive, and (adult) Alison realizes that Medium Alison is gone; she joins her father in the car, breaking the boundaries of time. On the drive, she and Bruce struggle to express themselves to each other ("Telephone Wire").
Bruce, manically engaged in a new restoration project, tries and fails to find a way to hold his life together. He steps in front of a truck and is killed ("Edges of the World"). Alison, newly reconciled to her past, remembers and draws a moment of perfect balance: playing "airplane" with her father, while reminiscing about the past with the other Alisons ("Flying Away").
Characters and original casts
The character of Alison Bechdel is portrayed by three actors. 43-year-old "Alison" is the play's narrator who reviews her family and early life, 19-year-old "Medium Alison" who is an Oberlin student discovering her sexuality, and 10-year-old "Small Alison" who is a child struggling against her father's expectations.
The original casts are as follows:
|Character||Off-Broadway Cast (2013)||Broadway Cast (2015)||First U.S. National Tour (2016)|
|Alison Bechdel||Beth Malone||Kate Shindle|
|Bruce Bechdel||Michael Cerveris||Robert Petkoff|
|Helen Bechdel||Judy Kuhn||Susan Moniz|
|Small Alison||Sydney Lucas||Alessandra Baldacchino|
|Medium Alison||Alexandra Socha||Emily Skeggs||Abby Corrigan|
|Christian Bechdel||Griffin Birney||Oscar Williams||Pierson Salvador|
|John Bechdel||Noah Hinsdale||Zell Morrow||Lennon Nate Hammond|
|Joan||Roberta Colindrez||Karen Eilbacher|
|Roy/Mark/Pete/Bobby Jeremy||Joel Perez||Robert Hager|
In November 2013, Alexandra Socha left the off-Broadway production and was replaced in the role of Medium Alison by her understudy, Emily Skeggs. Skeggs played Medium Alison in the Broadway production. In October 2015, Lucas was replaced in the role of Small Alison by her understudy, Gabriella Pizzolo.
Rebecca Luker played the role of Helen Bechdel from April 5 through May 22, 2016, while Judy Kuhn underwent hip surgery. Kuhn returned to the role on May 24.
Songs and recordings
The original cast album, released in 2014, opened at #2 on the Billboard Top Cast Album Chart, a remarkable feat for an Off-Broadway cast album. After the musical opened on Broadway in 2015, new portions of the show were recorded, and parts were re-recorded, especially to feature Emily Skeggs in the role of Medium Alison. It also includes more dialogue to help the listener follow the story. The song "Party Dress" was added, while a song for Small Alison in place of "Al for Short", as the latter has been removed from the Broadway show. A dialogue scene, "Clueless in New York", replaced "I need more coffee". Bruce's short a capella bedtime song, "Pony Girl" was added, as was the scene "A flair for the dramatic...". The album was released in May 2015.
The track list of the 2015 release, which reflects the musical numbers in the Broadway production, is as follows:
- 1. "It All Comes Back (Opening)" – Small Alison, Bruce, Alison & Company
- 2. "Sometimes my father appeared to enjoy having children..." – Alison, Bruce & Helen
- 3. "Welcome to Our House on Maple Avenue" – Helen, Alison, Small Alison, Christian, John, Bruce & Roy
- 4. "Not Too Bad" – Medium Alison
- 5. "Just had a good talk with Dad..." – Alison, Medium Alison, Bruce, Pete, Small Alison, John & Christian
- 6. "Come to the Fun Home" – John, Christian & Small Alison
- 7. "Helen’s Etude" – Alison, Roy, Bruce, Small Alison, Helen, John, Christian & Medium Alison
- 8. "Thanks for the care package..." – Medium Alison, Joan, Small Alison & Bruce
- 9. "Party Dress" – Small Alison, Bruce, Medium Alison, Alison
- 10. "Changing My Major" – Medium Alison
- 11. "I leapt out of the closet..." – Alison, Small Alison, Bruce & Helen
- 12. "Maps" – Alison
- 13. "Read a book..." – Bruce, Small Alison, Alison & Helen
- 14. "Raincoat of Love" – Bobby Jeremy & Company
- 15. "Clueless in New York…" – Alison, Small Alison & Bruce
- 16. "Pony Girl" – Bruce
- 17. "A flair for the dramatic…" – Alison, Joan, Medium Alison & Bruce
- 18. "Ring of Keys" – Small Alison & Alison
- 19. "Let me introduce you to my gay dad..." – Joan, Medium Alison, Alison, Bruce & Small Alison
- 20. "Shortly after we were married..." – Helen & Medium Alison
- 21. "Days and Days" – Helen
- 22. "You ready to go for that drive?..." – Bruce & Alison
- 23. "Telephone Wire" – Alison & Bruce
- 24. "It was great to have you home..." – Bruce & Alison
- 25. "Edges of the World" – Bruce
- 26. "This is what I have of you..." – Alison
- 27. "Flying Away (Finale)" – Alison, Medium Alison & Small Alison
The Off-Broadway production opened on October 22, 2013, to positive reviews. Ben Brantley of The New York Times spoke of the musical's emotional impact, artistry and universality, calling it a "beautiful heartbreaker of a musical". "Fun Home isn’t just a coming out story or a coming-of-age story. Its universality comes from its awareness of how we never fully know even those closest to us, and of the undercurrent of grown-up secrets, intuited by children, that exists to some degree in every family. Fun Home finds a shining clarity that lights up the night." Brantley praised both writer Kron and composer Tesori for their work. Of Kron he says: "her book and resonantly precise lyrics give this show its essential spine", and of Tesori's score "her best and most varied score to date... [which] captures [the story's] haunting ambiguity." Brantley later listed Fun Home as one of his top 15 shows of 2013.
Joe Dziemianowicz of the New York Daily News called the musical "achingly beautiful" and said that it "speaks to one family and all families torn by secrets and lies". Dziemianowicz listed Fun Home at the top of his Top 10 in Theater for 2013 list.
Charles McNulty of the Los Angeles Times, though mildly critical of a few of the show's elements still was impressed with Fun Home, saying "There have been plenty of new American musicals better put together than Fun Home, but I can't think of one in recent years that has touched me as much with its tender, ironic and courageous vulnerability." He states that the show's seeming weaknesses are part of the reason it succeeds, saying that it "gets off to a choppy start, takes unnecessary musical detours and is staged in a rough-hewn style that sometimes seems more accidental than intentional" but that it "succeeds not despite these flaws but in large measure because of them. Bechdel's ironically self-aware and inwardly searching sensibility is honored by a musical that isn't afraid to reveal its awkward side."
Though less positive than Brantley, Dziemianowicz or McNulty, Miriam Krule of Slate still said "there are also moments of pure joy, and the musical shines during these". Krule felt, however, that "it's not clear that a musical is the best second format for the material".
Adam Hetrick, editor-in-chief of Playbill.com, described Fun Home as "the best musical of the year", calling it "an emotionally-packed piece of theatre, full of joy, heart, sorrow and uncomfortable reality". Reviewing the cast album for Playbill, Steven Suskin praised Kron's "marvelous set" of lyrics, called Tesori "a master of musical styles... [who] matches Kron's tone with a mix of sensitivity and humor." Suskin singled out "Days and Days" for especial praise, calling it "a staggering piece of musical theatre writing". He also lauded the performances of Judy Kuhn ("stunning"), Michael Cerveris ("one of his finest performances ever") and the three Alisons, Beth Malone, Alexandra Socha and Sydney Lucas (calling the last "one of the most assured child actors we've seen"). Suskin called Fun Home "the best musical on the New York stage of 2013 — far outclassing the competition — and ... thus far the best musical of the 2013-14 season."
New York Times music critic Anthony Tommasini praised Tesori's score as a "masterpiece", noting that the "vibrant pastiche songs" and "varied kinds of music... a jazzy number for the young Alison in the middle of a rescue fantasy; Sondheim-influenced songs that unfold over insistent rhythmic figures and shifting, rich harmonies" come together to create "an impressively integrated entity". Tommasini also praised the show's ensemble numbers, calling them "complex yet texturally transparent, engrossingly dramatic".
Anticipating the play's move to Broadway, David Levesley of online magazine Mic heralded Fun Home's focus on the individual experience of a lesbian, calling it "the most daring, relentless analysis of homosexual identity on the New York stage right now".
Awards and nominations
The Public Theater production of Fun Home was nominated for the 2014 Edward M. Kennedy Prize for Drama Inspired by American History, nine Lucille Lortel Awards (winning three, including Outstanding Musical), seven Outer Critics Circle Awards (winning Outstanding New Off-Broadway Musical), three Drama League Awards and eight Drama Desk Awards, and it won the Off Broadway Alliance Award for Best New Musical. Many critics predicted that Fun Home would win the 2014 Pulitzer Prize for Drama. The musical was a finalist for the Pulitzer, but The Flick by Annie Baker won the award. The Pulitzer committee called the musical "A poignant musical adaptation of a graphic memoir". The production won the New York Drama Critics' Circle Award for Best Musical and the Obie Award for Musical Theater, and 10-year-old Sydney Lucas won an Obie in the Performance category, becoming the youngest performer ever to win an Obie.
The original Broadway production was nominated for 12 Tony Awards, winning five, including Best Musical. Jeanine Tesori & Lisa Kron were the first female writing team to win the Tony Award for Best Original Score. Kron won for Best Book, Cerveris won for Best Leading Actor, and Gold won for Best Direction. Both Lucas and Skeggs won Theatre World Awards.
Original Off-Broadway production
|2014||Edward M. Kennedy Prize for Drama Inspired by American History||Nominated|
|Lucille Lortel Awards||Outstanding Musical||Won|
|Outstanding Director||Sam Gold||Nominated|
|Outstanding Choreographer||Danny Mefford||Nominated|
|Outstanding Lead Actor in a Musical||Michael Cerveris||Won|
|Outstanding Lead Actress in a Musical||Sydney Lucas||Nominated|
|Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical||Noah Hinsdale||Nominated|
|Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical||Judy Kuhn||Won|
|Outstanding Lighting Design||Ben Stanton||Nominated|
|Pulitzer Prize for Drama||Finalist|
|New York Drama Critics' Circle Award||Best Musical||Won|
|Outer Critics Circle Award||Outstanding Off-Broadway Musical||Won|
|Outstanding Book of a Musical (Broadway or Off-Broadway)||Nominated|
|Outstanding New Score||Nominated|
|Outstanding Director of a Musical||Sam Gold||Nominated|
|Outstanding Actor in a Musical||Michael Cerveris||Nominated|
|Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical||Judy Kuhn||Nominated|
|Drama League Award||Outstanding Production of a Broadway or Off-Broadway Musical||Nominated|
|Distinguished Performance Award||Michael Cerveris||Nominated|
|Obie Award||Musical Theater|| Lisa Kron
|Drama Desk Award||Outstanding Musical||Nominated|
|Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical||Sydney Lucas||Nominated|
|Outstanding Director of a Musical||Sam Gold||Nominated|
|Outstanding Music||Jeanine Tesori||Nominated|
|Outstanding Lyrics||Lisa Kron||Nominated|
|Outstanding Book of a Musical||Nominated|
|Outstanding Orchestrations||John Clancy||Nominated|
|Outstanding Sound Design in a Musical||Kai Harada||Nominated|
|Off Broadway Alliance Award||Best New Musical||Won|
Original Broadway production
|2015||Tony Awards||Best Musical||Won|
|Best Book of a Musical||Lisa Kron||Won|
|Best Original Score||Jeanine Tesori and Lisa Kron||Won|
|Best Leading Actor in a Musical||Michael Cerveris||Won|
|Best Leading Actress in a Musical||Beth Malone||Nominated|
|Best Featured Actress in a Musical||Judy Kuhn||Nominated|
|Best Direction of a Musical||Sam Gold||Won|
|Best Orchestrations||John Clancy||Nominated|
|Best Scenic Design of a Musical||David Zinn||Nominated|
|Best Lighting Design of a Musical||Ben Stanton||Nominated|
|Theatre World Awards|
|Outstanding Debut Performance||Sydney Lucas||Won|
|Outstanding Debut Performance||Emily Skeggs||Won|
|2016||Grammy Awards||Best Musical Theater Album||Nominated|
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- Kennedy, Mark. "Fun Home songwriters become 1st winning female team", Yahoo News, June 7, 2015, accessed December 27, 2015
- "Theatre World Award Winners Announced", BroadwayWorld.com, May 5, 2015, accessed December 27, 2015
- Gans, Andrew (May 16, 2014). "80th Annual Drama League Award Winners Announced; Neil Patrick Harris Wins Distinguished Performance Honor". Playbill. Retrieved May 16, 2014.
- Hempstead, Pete (June 1, 2014). "Drama Desk Award Winners Led by A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder". TheaterMania.com. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- "58th Annual GRAMMY Awards Nominees". Retrieved December 22, 2015.
- Fun Home at the Internet Broadway Database (2015 production)
- Fun Home at the Internet off-Broadway Database (2013 production)
- Fun Home at the Internet off-Broadway Database (2012 production)
- The Public Theater production archive listing of Fun Home
- Photographs from the Public Theater production
- Joel Perez's interview on the American Theatre Wing's "Working in the Theatre" series.
- Schwiegershausen, Erica (October 18, 2013). "Q&A: Alison Bechdel on the New Fun Home Musical". New York. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
- Bechdel, Alison (July 2, 2014). "Fun Home! The Musical!". Seven Days. Burlington, Vermont: Da Capo Publishing. Retrieved July 23, 2014.