Free Imperial City of Ulm

Free Imperial City of Ulm
Freie Reichsstadt Ulm
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
The Free Imperial City of Ulm and surrounding area
Capital Ulm
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
  Settlement founded around 5000 BC
   Gained Reichsfreiheit 1181
  Großer Schwörbrief 1397
  Reformed to Protestantism 1530
  Truce of Ulm in
    Thirty Years' War
   Mediatised to Bavaria 1803
  Annexed by Württemberg 1809
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Swabia
Electorate of Bavaria

The Free Imperial City of Ulm was a Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire. It is situated on the left bank of the Danube, in a fertile plain at the foot of the Swabian Jura.[1]


Ulm is mentioned as a demesne in 854, and under the Carolingian dynasty it was the scene of several assemblies. It became a town in 1027, and was soon the principal place in the Duchy of Swabia. Although burned down by Henry the Lion, the town soon recovered, becoming a Free Imperial City in 1155. Towards the close of the Middle Ages it played a leading part several times at the head of Swabian Leagues of the 14th century and 15th century. Its trade and commerce prospered, peaking in the 15th century, ruling over a district about 300 square miles. It became a Free Imperial City with extensive territorial authority, and having a population of about 60,000. It became Protestant in 1530 and declined after the French Wars of Religion of the 16th century and 17th century. In 1802 it lost its Imperial immediacy and passed to Electorate of Bavaria, being ceded to Kingdom of Württemberg in 1810. In October 1805 General Karl Mack von Leiberich and his 23,000 Austrian troops capitulated to Napoleon here. Ulm is remarkable in the history of German literature as the spot where the Meistersingers lingered longest, orally preserving the traditional folklore of their craft.


  1. Ulm. 2012. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 19 June, 2012, from

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

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