France and the United Nations

French Republic
United Nations membership
Membership Full member
Since 1945 (1945) (as Fourth Republic)
1958 (as Fifth Republic)
UNSC seat Permanent
Ambassador François Delattre

The French Republic is a charter member of the United Nations and one of five permanent members of the UN Security Council. The nation originally joined the UN as the French Fourth Republic, however, after a series of crises, the French Fourth Republic collapsed and was dissolved by a public referendum on 5 October 1958. A new constitution was written, creating the French Fifth Republic, the modern-day France which succeeded the seat of the former Fourth Republic, including its permanent membership on the Security Council in the United Nations in 1958.

Veto power in the UN Security Council

France has used its veto power sparingly, vetoing 18 resolutions from 1949 to 2007, compared with 82 by the United States and 123 by the Soviet Union and Russia, 32 by Britain, and 6 by China.[1] France used its veto power along with the United Kingdom, to veto a resolution to resolve the Suez Canal crisis in 1956. France also used a veto in 1976 on the question of the Comoros independence, when the island of Mayotte was kept in French territory due to the vote of the local population. In 2002, France threatened to veto Resolution 1441 on the then upcoming 2003 Iraq war.

List of all French vetoes[2]


See also


  1. Global Policy Forum (2008): "Changing Patterns in the Use of the Veto in the Security Council". Retrieved 30 December 2008.
  2. "Subjects of UN Security Council Vetoes". Retrieved 2006-11-13.
  3. Compendium - Occupational Groups
  4. Bureau of International Organization Affairs (2001-09-07). "United Nations Fact Sheet". USDOS Fact Sheets. U.S. Department of State.
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