Foreign relations of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta

Foreign relations with the SMOM
  diplomatic relations
  other official relations
  former diplomatic relations

The Sovereign Military Order of Malta is a sovereign entity maintaining diplomatic relations with over 100 states[1] and has observer status or representation at multiple intergovernmental organisations.[2]

Embassy of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta in Ljubljana

The Order currently maintains diplomatic relations with 106 sovereign states (including the Holy See and Russia) and exchanges ambassadors with the European Union and the Palestinian Authority.[1][2]

The Order has non-diplomatic official relations with 6 more states: France, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, Luxembourg and Canada.

At least 5 other states maintain no relations with and do not recognize the passports of the Order:[3][4] Netherlands, Finland, Sweden, Iceland, Greece.

Currently the Order has no established relations with:

Bilateral relations

Diplomatic relations

Name Diplomatic relations established[6] Region Notes
 Angola13 December 2005Africa
 Antigua and Barbuda10 October 2009Americas
 Bahamas11 November 2008Americas
 Bosnia and Herzegovina1997Europe
 Burkina Faso1973Africa
 Cape Verde1996Africa
 Central African Republic1981Africa
 Democratic Republic of Congo1984Africa
 Costa Rica1958Americas
 Ivory Coast1972Africa
 Croatia22 December 1992[7]Europe
 Cyprus6 June 2012[8]Europe
 Czech Republic1990Europe
 Dominican Republic1957Americas
 Timor-Leste18 September 2006Oceania
 El Salvador1951Americas
 Equatorial Guinea1996Africa
 European Union1987EuropeAmbassador level relations.[2]
 Grenada6 November 2015Americas[9]
 Holy See1930Europeformerly relations from 1113[6].
 Hungary1990Europeformerly relations from 1923[6].
 Italy1956Europeformerly relations from 1884-02-20[6] and from 1935[6].
 Jordan29 June 2003Asia
 Kenya14 September 2007Africa
 Marshall Islands2002Oceania
 Micronesia12 November 1997[10] Oceania
 Monaco1957EuropeBefore 2009 relations with Monaco were maintained through a diplomatic special mission,[11] but afterwards they were regularized.[1]
 Montenegro5 September 2006Europe
 State of PalestineSeptember 2011AsiaAmbassador level relations.[1]
 Poland9 July 1990[12]Europe
 Russia7 August 1992[13]EuropeRelations with the Russian Federation are maintained through a diplomatic special mission.[1]
 Saint Lucia1999Americas
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1997Americas
 San Marino1969Europe
 Sao Tome and Principe1997Africa
 Sierra Leone2008Africa
 South Sudan12 November 2014Africa[14]
 Turkmenistan30 October 2007Asia
 Ukraine9 February 2008Europe

Official relations

Name Official relations established Region Notes
 Canada4 June 2008Americas
 France1982Europeformerly relations from 1924-08-28[6]. France does not recognise the SMOM as a subject of international law.[15]

No diplomatic relations

Name Relations Region Notes
 Ecuador1954[6]May 2012[1][6]AmericasOn 10 February 2012 President Correa issued a decree to withdraw recognition and initiate the process of canceling relations.[16]

Intergovernmental organizations

The Order of Malta has observer status at the following organizations:[2]

Organization observer since Notes
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 1962[6]
Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations 1983[6]
International Atomic Energy Agency 1983[6]
United Nations General Assembly 24 August 1994[6]
International Fund for Agricultural Development
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
United Nations Environment Programme
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
United Nations Industrial Development Organization
World Food Programme
World Health Organization

The Order of Malta has delegations or representations to the following organizations:[2]

Organization participates since Notes
Council of Europe 1975[6]
International Institute for the Unification of Private Law 1984[6]
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization Preparatory Commission
Inter-American Development Bank
International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property
International Committee of Military Medicine
International Committee of the Red Cross
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
International Institute of Humanitarian Law
International Organization for Migration
Latin Union

See also


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Ordine di Malta. "Bilateral relations". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Ordine di Malta. "Multilateral relations". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  3. "SMOM Bilateral relations with countries". Retrieved 2011-11-29.
  4. "Council of the European Union - Schengen Visa Working Party - Table of travel documents". Retrieved 2011-11-29.
  5. Sovereign Order of Malta — Associate Countries (Postal Agreements)
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 SMOM diplomatic relations as of September 2012,
  8. Ordine di Malta. "Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Cyprus and the Sovereign Order of Malta formally established". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  10. "FSM Diplomatic Relations List". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  11. Monaco* ...Russia, Federation of* ... * Relations with these countries are maintained through a diplomatic special mission., 09.12.2008
  12. Odpowiedź na zapytanie w sprawie stanu stosunków dyplomatycznych utrzymywanych przez Rzeczpospolitą Polską z Suwerennym Zakonem Rycerskim Szpitalników im. Jana Jerozolimskiego…
  13. Великий магистр Мальтийского Ордена обеспокоен действиями лжерыцарей в Российской Федерации
  15. "The Sovereignty of the Order of Malta". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  16. "La Orden Soberana de Malta". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
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