Foreign relations of Paraguay
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politics and government of
Paraguayan foreign policy has concentrated on maintaining good relations with its neighbors, and it has been an active proponent of regional co-operation. It is a member of the United Nations and has served one term in the UN Security Council in 1967-1969 . It maintains membership in several international financial institutions, including the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the International Monetary Fund. It also belongs to the Organization of American States, the Latin American Integration Association (ALADI), the Rio Group, INTERPOL, MERCOSUR (the Southern Cone Common Market) and UNASUR
At the political level, diplomatic affairs and international relations of Paraguay are officially handled by the Ministry of Foreign Relations, which answers to the executive branch of the government. The current Minister of Foreign Relations as of 2013 is José Félix Fernández Estigarribia
Unlike any other country in South America, Paraguay recognizes the Republic of China instead of the People's Republic of China. Although not a particularly large country in absolute terms, Paraguay presently is the largest country maintaining official diplomatic relations with the Republic of China.
- Date started:1811
- Argentina has an embassy in Asunción and 2 Consulates-General (in Ciudad del Este and Encarnación).
- Paraguay has an embassy in Buenos Aires and 7 consulates (in Clorinda, Corrientes, Formosa, Posadas, Resistencia, Rosario and Puerto Iguazú)
In 2009 Bolivian President Evo Morales and Paraguayan President Fernando Lugo signed an agreement settling a border dispute, which had led to the Chaco War in the 1930s. President Lugo expressed the hope that natural resources could now "be developed and used by both countries" Relations, as with many countries in the area, have had increased tension since the Paraguay Coup of 2012.
See Paraguay–Brazil relations Paraguay–Brazil relations have improved greatly after Brazilian President Lula's decision in 2009 to triple its payments to Paraguay for energy from a massive hydro-electric dam on their border, ending a long-running dispute. Under the accord, Brazil will pay Paraguay $360m a year for energy from the jointly-operated Itaipu plant. Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva called it a "historic agreement" and the deal slated as a political victory for former Paraguayan President Fernando Lugo.
Both countries established diplomatic relations on April 18, 1881.
- Mexico has an embassy in Asuncion and an honorary consulate in Ciudad del Este.
- Paraguay has an embassy in Mexico City.
- Both countries are full members of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Rio Group.
- Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 2, 1858.
- Paraguay has an embassy in Lima.
- Peru has an embassy in Asuncion and an honorary consulate in Ciudad del Este.
- Both countries are full members of the Rio Group, of the Latin Union, of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, of the Organization of American States, of the Organization of Ibero-American States and of the Union of South American Nations.
- Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Relations about the relation with Paraguay (in Spanish only)
Relations between Paraguay and Venezuela have improved since Paraguay's new leftist President Fernando Lugo was inaugurated, a change from 61 unbroken years of Colorado party rule. President Lugo has supported Venezuela's entry into Mercosur however the Colorado Party's influence in Paraguay's Congress and Senate retards this expansion.
Paraguay and Venezuela have restarted negotiations on an unpaid debt of $250 million owed by Paraguayan oil company Petropar to its counterpart Petróleos de Venezuela after the Presidents of Paraguay and Venezuela met to deal with the financing.
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Bulgaria||1992-12-02||See Bulgaria–Paraguay relations|
|Germany||See Foreign relations of Germany|
|Italy||See Foreign relations of Italy|
|Russia||See Paraguay–Russia relations
|Spain||See Paraguay–Spain relations
|United Kingdom||1853-03-04||See Paraguay – United Kingdom relations
Rest of world
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Australia||See Australia–Paraguay relations
Australia's positive relations with Paraguay are growing. In 2011, Paraguay opened an embassy in Canberra, Australia opened a consulate in Asunción. As agricultural producers and exporters, they work together to achieve fairer international trade in agricultural products through membership of the Cairns Group and cooperation in other multilateral fora. Australia is also increasing its engagement with Paraguay through development cooperation and people-to-people exchanges. An increasing number of Paraguayan students are pursuing their education at Australian institutions.
|Canada||See Foreign relations of Canada|
|India||1961-09-13||See India–Paraguay relations|
|Japan||See Foreign relations of Japan|
|North Korea||See North Korea–Paraguay relations|
Paraguay wants to strengthen economic, commercial and cultural relations with Pakistan as there is tremendous potential exists between both the countries in many sectors. Paraguay is rich in the field of wheat, animal feed, and oilseeds and wood. Pakistan has good expertise in this sector and both countries could benefit if investors turn to cotton in Paraguay. Paraguay has sought trade, art, sports, relations with Pakistan and that the country has many things common with Pakistan.
|Republic of China||See Republic of China – Paraguay relations
Paraguay recognizes the Republic of China as the legitimate government of China.
Paraguay recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
|South Korea||1962-06-15||See Paraguay – South Korea relations
|United States||See Paraguay – United States relations
A military training agreement with Asunción, giving immunity to US soldiers, caused some concern after media reports initially reported that a base housing 20,000 US soldiers was being built at Mariscal Estigarribia within 200 km of Argentina and Bolivia, and 300 km of Brazil, near an airport which could receive large planes (B-52, C-130 Hercules, etc.) which the Paraguan Air Forces do not have.
In September 2009 Paraguay's President Fernando Lugo revoked plans for US troops to hold joint military exercises and development projects after stating that he no longer thinks that hosting troops taking part in the US department of defence’s "New Horizons" programme was worthwhile. President Lugo referenced strong regional opposition from countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Venezuela, Bolivia and Ecuador to the expansion of US military bases in Colombia in his decision.
CAN (associate), FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD (also known as the World Bank), ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, MONUSCO, NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, Rio Group, UN, UNASUR, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
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- Embassy of Paraguay in Mexico City (in Spanish)
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- Uruguayan embassy in Asuncion (in Spanish only)
- Archived July 28, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
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- Archived June 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
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- Embassy of Paraguay in Madrid (in Spanish)
- Embassy of Spain in Asuncion (in Spanish)
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- 《재외동포현황》 [Current Status of Overseas Compatriots], South Korea: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 2009, retrieved 2009-05-21
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- US Marines put a foot in Paraguay, El Clarín, September 9, 2005 (Spanish)
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- Foreign Ministry of Paraguay (Spanish)